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Subject[PATCH v5 bpf-next 1/6] bpf: enable task local storage for tracing programs
Date
To access per-task data, BPF programs usually creates a hash table with
pid as the key. This is not ideal because:
1. The user need to estimate the proper size of the hash table, which may
be inaccurate;
2. Big hash tables are slow;
3. To clean up the data properly during task terminations, the user need
to write extra logic.

Task local storage overcomes these issues and offers a better option for
these per-task data. Task local storage is only available to BPF_LSM. Now
enable it for tracing programs.

Unlike LSM programs, tracing programs can be called in IRQ contexts.
Helpers that access task local storage are updated to use
raw_spin_lock_irqsave() instead of raw_spin_lock_bh().

Tracing programs can attach to functions on the task free path, e.g.
exit_creds(). To avoid allocating task local storage after
bpf_task_storage_free(). bpf_task_storage_get() is updated to not allocate
new storage when the task is not refcounted (task->usage == 0).

Reported-by: kernel test robot <lkp@intel.com>
Acked-by: KP Singh <kpsingh@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
---
include/linux/bpf.h | 7 ++++++
include/linux/bpf_lsm.h | 22 -----------------
include/linux/bpf_types.h | 2 +-
include/linux/sched.h | 5 ++++
kernel/bpf/Makefile | 3 +--
kernel/bpf/bpf_local_storage.c | 28 +++++++++++++---------
kernel/bpf/bpf_lsm.c | 4 ----
kernel/bpf/bpf_task_storage.c | 43 +++++++++-------------------------
kernel/fork.c | 5 ++++
kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c | 4 ++++
10 files changed, 51 insertions(+), 72 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index cccaef1088eae..e2cfc4809219c 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -1499,6 +1499,7 @@ struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_by_id(u32 id);
struct bpf_link *bpf_link_by_id(u32 id);

const struct bpf_func_proto *bpf_base_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id);
+void bpf_task_storage_free(struct task_struct *task);
#else /* !CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */
static inline struct bpf_prog *bpf_prog_get(u32 ufd)
{
@@ -1684,6 +1685,10 @@ bpf_base_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id)
{
return NULL;
}
+
+static inline void bpf_task_storage_free(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */

void __bpf_free_used_btfs(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux,
@@ -1886,6 +1891,8 @@ extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_this_cpu_ptr_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_ktime_get_coarse_ns_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_sock_from_file_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_get_socket_ptr_cookie_proto;
+extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_task_storage_get_proto;
+extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_task_storage_delete_proto;

const struct bpf_func_proto *bpf_tracing_func_proto(
enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog);
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf_lsm.h b/include/linux/bpf_lsm.h
index 0d1c33ace3987..479c101546ad1 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf_lsm.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf_lsm.h
@@ -38,21 +38,9 @@ static inline struct bpf_storage_blob *bpf_inode(
return inode->i_security + bpf_lsm_blob_sizes.lbs_inode;
}

-static inline struct bpf_storage_blob *bpf_task(
- const struct task_struct *task)
-{
- if (unlikely(!task->security))
- return NULL;
-
- return task->security + bpf_lsm_blob_sizes.lbs_task;
-}
-
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_inode_storage_get_proto;
extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_inode_storage_delete_proto;
-extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_task_storage_get_proto;
-extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_task_storage_delete_proto;
void bpf_inode_storage_free(struct inode *inode);
-void bpf_task_storage_free(struct task_struct *task);

#else /* !CONFIG_BPF_LSM */

@@ -73,20 +61,10 @@ static inline struct bpf_storage_blob *bpf_inode(
return NULL;
}

-static inline struct bpf_storage_blob *bpf_task(
- const struct task_struct *task)
-{
- return NULL;
-}
-
static inline void bpf_inode_storage_free(struct inode *inode)
{
}

-static inline void bpf_task_storage_free(struct task_struct *task)
-{
-}
-
#endif /* CONFIG_BPF_LSM */

#endif /* _LINUX_BPF_LSM_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf_types.h b/include/linux/bpf_types.h
index 99f7fd657d87a..b9edee336d804 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf_types.h
@@ -109,8 +109,8 @@ BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_SOCKHASH, sock_hash_ops)
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_LSM
BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_INODE_STORAGE, inode_storage_map_ops)
-BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_TASK_STORAGE, task_storage_map_ops)
#endif
+BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_TASK_STORAGE, task_storage_map_ops)
BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_CPUMAP, cpu_map_ops)
#if defined(CONFIG_XDP_SOCKETS)
BPF_MAP_TYPE(BPF_MAP_TYPE_XSKMAP, xsk_map_ops)
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 4d568288abf9f..e5fbf8e6952ab 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@ struct audit_context;
struct backing_dev_info;
struct bio_list;
struct blk_plug;
+struct bpf_local_storage;
struct capture_control;
struct cfs_rq;
struct fs_struct;
@@ -1348,6 +1349,10 @@ struct task_struct {
/* Used by LSM modules for access restriction: */
void *security;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL
+ /* Used by BPF task local storage */
+ struct bpf_local_storage __rcu *bpf_storage;
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK
unsigned long lowest_stack;
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/Makefile b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
index d1249340fd6ba..7f33098ca63fb 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/bpf/Makefile
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@ CFLAGS_core.o += $(call cc-disable-warning, override-init) $(cflags-nogcse-yy)
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += syscall.o verifier.o inode.o helpers.o tnum.o bpf_iter.o map_iter.o task_iter.o prog_iter.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += hashtab.o arraymap.o percpu_freelist.o bpf_lru_list.o lpm_trie.o map_in_map.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += local_storage.o queue_stack_maps.o ringbuf.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += bpf_local_storage.o bpf_task_storage.o
obj-${CONFIG_BPF_LSM} += bpf_inode_storage.o
-obj-${CONFIG_BPF_LSM} += bpf_task_storage.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += disasm.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_JIT) += trampoline.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += btf.o
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_JIT) += dispatcher.o
ifeq ($(CONFIG_NET),y)
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += devmap.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += cpumap.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += bpf_local_storage.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += offload.o
obj-$(CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL) += net_namespace.o
endif
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/bpf_local_storage.c b/kernel/bpf/bpf_local_storage.c
index dd5aedee99e73..9bd47ad2b26f1 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/bpf_local_storage.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/bpf_local_storage.c
@@ -140,17 +140,18 @@ static void __bpf_selem_unlink_storage(struct bpf_local_storage_elem *selem)
{
struct bpf_local_storage *local_storage;
bool free_local_storage = false;
+ unsigned long flags;

if (unlikely(!selem_linked_to_storage(selem)))
/* selem has already been unlinked from sk */
return;

local_storage = rcu_dereference(selem->local_storage);
- raw_spin_lock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&local_storage->lock, flags);
if (likely(selem_linked_to_storage(selem)))
free_local_storage = bpf_selem_unlink_storage_nolock(
local_storage, selem, true);
- raw_spin_unlock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local_storage->lock, flags);

if (free_local_storage)
kfree_rcu(local_storage, rcu);
@@ -167,6 +168,7 @@ void bpf_selem_unlink_map(struct bpf_local_storage_elem *selem)
{
struct bpf_local_storage_map *smap;
struct bpf_local_storage_map_bucket *b;
+ unsigned long flags;

if (unlikely(!selem_linked_to_map(selem)))
/* selem has already be unlinked from smap */
@@ -174,21 +176,22 @@ void bpf_selem_unlink_map(struct bpf_local_storage_elem *selem)

smap = rcu_dereference(SDATA(selem)->smap);
b = select_bucket(smap, selem);
- raw_spin_lock_bh(&b->lock);
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&b->lock, flags);
if (likely(selem_linked_to_map(selem)))
hlist_del_init_rcu(&selem->map_node);
- raw_spin_unlock_bh(&b->lock);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b->lock, flags);
}

void bpf_selem_link_map(struct bpf_local_storage_map *smap,
struct bpf_local_storage_elem *selem)
{
struct bpf_local_storage_map_bucket *b = select_bucket(smap, selem);
+ unsigned long flags;

- raw_spin_lock_bh(&b->lock);
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&b->lock, flags);
RCU_INIT_POINTER(SDATA(selem)->smap, smap);
hlist_add_head_rcu(&selem->map_node, &b->list);
- raw_spin_unlock_bh(&b->lock);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b->lock, flags);
}

void bpf_selem_unlink(struct bpf_local_storage_elem *selem)
@@ -224,16 +227,18 @@ bpf_local_storage_lookup(struct bpf_local_storage *local_storage,

sdata = SDATA(selem);
if (cacheit_lockit) {
+ unsigned long flags;
+
/* spinlock is needed to avoid racing with the
* parallel delete. Otherwise, publishing an already
* deleted sdata to the cache will become a use-after-free
* problem in the next bpf_local_storage_lookup().
*/
- raw_spin_lock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&local_storage->lock, flags);
if (selem_linked_to_storage(selem))
rcu_assign_pointer(local_storage->cache[smap->cache_idx],
sdata);
- raw_spin_unlock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local_storage->lock, flags);
}

return sdata;
@@ -327,6 +332,7 @@ bpf_local_storage_update(void *owner, struct bpf_local_storage_map *smap,
struct bpf_local_storage_data *old_sdata = NULL;
struct bpf_local_storage_elem *selem;
struct bpf_local_storage *local_storage;
+ unsigned long flags;
int err;

/* BPF_EXIST and BPF_NOEXIST cannot be both set */
@@ -374,7 +380,7 @@ bpf_local_storage_update(void *owner, struct bpf_local_storage_map *smap,
}
}

- raw_spin_lock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&local_storage->lock, flags);

/* Recheck local_storage->list under local_storage->lock */
if (unlikely(hlist_empty(&local_storage->list))) {
@@ -428,11 +434,11 @@ bpf_local_storage_update(void *owner, struct bpf_local_storage_map *smap,
}

unlock:
- raw_spin_unlock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local_storage->lock, flags);
return SDATA(selem);

unlock_err:
- raw_spin_unlock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local_storage->lock, flags);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/bpf_lsm.c b/kernel/bpf/bpf_lsm.c
index 1622a44d1617e..9829f381b51c5 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/bpf_lsm.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/bpf_lsm.c
@@ -115,10 +115,6 @@ bpf_lsm_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
return &bpf_spin_lock_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_spin_unlock:
return &bpf_spin_unlock_proto;
- case BPF_FUNC_task_storage_get:
- return &bpf_task_storage_get_proto;
- case BPF_FUNC_task_storage_delete:
- return &bpf_task_storage_delete_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_bprm_opts_set:
return &bpf_bprm_opts_set_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_ima_inode_hash:
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/bpf_task_storage.c b/kernel/bpf/bpf_task_storage.c
index e0da0258b732d..baf3566e23233 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/bpf_task_storage.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/bpf_task_storage.c
@@ -15,7 +15,6 @@
#include <linux/bpf_local_storage.h>
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include <uapi/linux/btf.h>
-#include <linux/bpf_lsm.h>
#include <linux/btf_ids.h>
#include <linux/fdtable.h>

@@ -24,12 +23,8 @@ DEFINE_BPF_STORAGE_CACHE(task_cache);
static struct bpf_local_storage __rcu **task_storage_ptr(void *owner)
{
struct task_struct *task = owner;
- struct bpf_storage_blob *bsb;

- bsb = bpf_task(task);
- if (!bsb)
- return NULL;
- return &bsb->storage;
+ return &task->bpf_storage;
}

static struct bpf_local_storage_data *
@@ -38,13 +33,8 @@ task_storage_lookup(struct task_struct *task, struct bpf_map *map,
{
struct bpf_local_storage *task_storage;
struct bpf_local_storage_map *smap;
- struct bpf_storage_blob *bsb;
-
- bsb = bpf_task(task);
- if (!bsb)
- return NULL;

- task_storage = rcu_dereference(bsb->storage);
+ task_storage = rcu_dereference(task->bpf_storage);
if (!task_storage)
return NULL;

@@ -57,16 +47,12 @@ void bpf_task_storage_free(struct task_struct *task)
struct bpf_local_storage_elem *selem;
struct bpf_local_storage *local_storage;
bool free_task_storage = false;
- struct bpf_storage_blob *bsb;
struct hlist_node *n;
-
- bsb = bpf_task(task);
- if (!bsb)
- return;
+ unsigned long flags;

rcu_read_lock();

- local_storage = rcu_dereference(bsb->storage);
+ local_storage = rcu_dereference(task->bpf_storage);
if (!local_storage) {
rcu_read_unlock();
return;
@@ -81,7 +67,7 @@ void bpf_task_storage_free(struct task_struct *task)
* when unlinking elem from the local_storage->list and
* the map's bucket->list.
*/
- raw_spin_lock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&local_storage->lock, flags);
hlist_for_each_entry_safe(selem, n, &local_storage->list, snode) {
/* Always unlink from map before unlinking from
* local_storage.
@@ -90,7 +76,7 @@ void bpf_task_storage_free(struct task_struct *task)
free_task_storage = bpf_selem_unlink_storage_nolock(
local_storage, selem, false);
}
- raw_spin_unlock_bh(&local_storage->lock);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&local_storage->lock, flags);
rcu_read_unlock();

/* free_task_storage should always be true as long as
@@ -150,7 +136,7 @@ static int bpf_pid_task_storage_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key,
*/
WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_read_lock_held());
task = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
- if (!task || !task_storage_ptr(task)) {
+ if (!task) {
err = -ENOENT;
goto out;
}
@@ -213,23 +199,16 @@ BPF_CALL_4(bpf_task_storage_get, struct bpf_map *, map, struct task_struct *,
if (flags & ~(BPF_LOCAL_STORAGE_GET_F_CREATE))
return (unsigned long)NULL;

- /* explicitly check that the task_storage_ptr is not
- * NULL as task_storage_lookup returns NULL in this case and
- * bpf_local_storage_update expects the owner to have a
- * valid storage pointer.
- */
- if (!task || !task_storage_ptr(task))
+ if (!task)
return (unsigned long)NULL;

sdata = task_storage_lookup(task, map, true);
if (sdata)
return (unsigned long)sdata->data;

- /* This helper must only be called from places where the lifetime of the task
- * is guaranteed. Either by being refcounted or by being protected
- * by an RCU read-side critical section.
- */
- if (flags & BPF_LOCAL_STORAGE_GET_F_CREATE) {
+ /* only allocate new storage, when the task is refcounted */
+ if (refcount_read(&task->usage) &&
+ (flags & BPF_LOCAL_STORAGE_GET_F_CREATE)) {
sdata = bpf_local_storage_update(
task, (struct bpf_local_storage_map *)map, value,
BPF_NOEXIST);
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index d66cd1014211b..181604db2d65e 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -96,6 +96,7 @@
#include <linux/kasan.h>
#include <linux/scs.h>
#include <linux/io_uring.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>

#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
@@ -734,6 +735,7 @@ void __put_task_struct(struct task_struct *tsk)
cgroup_free(tsk);
task_numa_free(tsk, true);
security_task_free(tsk);
+ bpf_task_storage_free(tsk);
exit_creds(tsk);
delayacct_tsk_free(tsk);
put_signal_struct(tsk->signal);
@@ -2062,6 +2064,9 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
p->sequential_io = 0;
p->sequential_io_avg = 0;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL
+ RCU_INIT_POINTER(p->bpf_storage, NULL);
+#endif

/* Perform scheduler related setup. Assign this task to a CPU. */
retval = sched_fork(clone_flags, p);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
index b0c45d923f0f9..e9701744d8e4c 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
@@ -1367,6 +1367,10 @@ bpf_tracing_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func_id, const struct bpf_prog *prog)
return &bpf_per_cpu_ptr_proto;
case BPF_FUNC_this_cpu_ptr:
return &bpf_this_cpu_ptr_proto;
+ case BPF_FUNC_task_storage_get:
+ return &bpf_task_storage_get_proto;
+ case BPF_FUNC_task_storage_delete:
+ return &bpf_task_storage_delete_proto;
default:
return NULL;
}
--
2.24.1
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