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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 1/1] mm/page_alloc.c: refactor initialization of struct page for holes in memory layout
On Tue, Feb 23, 2021 at 09:04:19AM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> On 22.02.21 11:57, Mike Rapoport wrote:
> > From: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> >
> > There could be struct pages that are not backed by actual physical memory.
> > This can happen when the actual memory bank is not a multiple of
> > SECTION_SIZE or when an architecture does not register memory holes
> > reserved by the firmware as memblock.memory.
> >
> > Such pages are currently initialized using init_unavailable_mem() function
> > that iterates through PFNs in holes in memblock.memory and if there is a
> > struct page corresponding to a PFN, the fields of this page are set to
> > default values and it is marked as Reserved.
> >
> > init_unavailable_mem() does not take into account zone and node the page
> > belongs to and sets both zone and node links in struct page to zero.
> >
> > Before commit 73a6e474cb37 ("mm: memmap_init: iterate over memblock regions
> > rather that check each PFN") the holes inside a zone were re-initialized
> > during memmap_init() and got their zone/node links right. However, after
> > that commit nothing updates the struct pages representing such holes.
> >
> > On a system that has firmware reserved holes in a zone above ZONE_DMA, for
> > instance in a configuration below:
> >
> > # grep -A1 E820 /proc/iomem
> > 7a17b000-7a216fff : Unknown E820 type
> > 7a217000-7bffffff : System RAM
> >
> > unset zone link in struct page will trigger
> >
> > VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!zone_spans_pfn(page_zone(page), pfn), page);
> >
> > because there are pages in both ZONE_DMA32 and ZONE_DMA (unset zone link
> > in struct page) in the same pageblock.
> >
> > Interleave initialization of the unavailable pages with the normal
> > initialization of memory map, so that zone and node information will be
> > properly set on struct pages that are not backed by the actual memory.
> >
> > With this change the pages for holes inside a zone will get proper
> > zone/node links and the pages that are not spanned by any node will get
> > links to the adjacent zone/node.
>
> Does this include pages in the last section has handled by ...
> ...
> > - /*
> > - * Early sections always have a fully populated memmap for the whole
> > - * section - see pfn_valid(). If the last section has holes at the
> > - * end and that section is marked "online", the memmap will be
> > - * considered initialized. Make sure that memmap has a well defined
> > - * state.
> > - */
> > - pgcnt += init_unavailable_range(PFN_DOWN(next),
> > - round_up(max_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION));
> > -
>
> ^ this code?
>
> Or how is that case handled now?

Hmm, now it's clamped to node_end_pfn/zone_end_pfn, so in your funny example with

-object memory-backend-ram,id=bmem0,size=4160M \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=bmem1,size=4032M \

this is not handled :(

But it will be handled with this on top:

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 29bbd08b8e63..6c9b490f5a8b 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -6350,9 +6350,12 @@ void __meminit __weak memmap_init_zone(struct zone *zone)
hole_pfn = end_pfn;
}

- if (hole_pfn < zone_end_pfn)
- pgcnt += init_unavailable_range(hole_pfn, zone_end_pfn,
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
+ end_pfn = round_up(zone_end_pfn, PAGES_PER_SECTION);
+ if (hole_pfn < end_pfn)
+ pgcnt += init_unavailable_range(hole_pfn, end_pfn,
zone_id, nid);
+#endif

if (pgcnt)
pr_info(" %s zone: %lld pages in unavailable ranges\n",
--
Sincerely yours,
Mike.

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