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SubjectRe: [PATCH V4 2/2] cpufreq: cppc: Add support for frequency invariance
On Mon, Feb 22, 2021 at 12:20 PM Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org> wrote:
>
> The Frequency Invariance Engine (FIE) is providing a frequency scaling
> correction factor that helps achieve more accurate load-tracking.
>
> Normally, this scaling factor can be obtained directly with the help of
> the cpufreq drivers as they know the exact frequency the hardware is
> running at. But that isn't the case for CPPC cpufreq driver.

Even though the driver is located in drivers/cpufreq/ CPPC is part of
ACPI and so a CC to linux-acpi is missing.

> Another way of obtaining that is using the arch specific counter
> support, which is already present in kernel, but that hardware is
> optional for platforms.
>
> This patch thus obtains this scaling factor using the existing logic
> present in the cppc driver.

It would be nice to expand this a bit to describe the design. Also
IMO it wouldn't hurt to add a kerneldoc comment describing it, say to
cppc_scale_freq_workfn().

And spelling CPPC consistently would be nice too.

> Note that the arch specific counters have
> higher priority than CPPC counters if available, though the CPPC driver
> doesn't need to have any special handling for that.
>
> To allow platforms to disable frequency invariance support if they want,
> this is all done under CONFIG_ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE, which is enabled by
> default.
>
> This also exports sched_setattr_nocheck() as the CPPC driver can be
> built as a module.
>
> Cc: Ionela Voinescu <ionela.voinescu@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
> ---
> drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm | 9 ++
> drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c | 223 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> include/linux/arch_topology.h | 1 +
> kernel/sched/core.c | 1 +
> 4 files changed, 222 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm b/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
> index e65e0a43be64..a3e2d6dfea70 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
> +++ b/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
> @@ -19,6 +19,15 @@ config ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ
>
> If in doubt, say N.
>
> +config ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE
> + bool "Frequency Invariance support for CPPC cpufreq driver"
> + depends on ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ

In theory, the CPPC cpufreq driver can be used on systems with
nontrivial arch_freq_scale_tick() in which case the latter should be
used I suppose.

Would that actually happen if this option is enabled?

> + default y
> + help
> + This enables frequency invariance support for CPPC cpufreq driver.
> +
> + If in doubt, say N.
> +
> config ARM_ALLWINNER_SUN50I_CPUFREQ_NVMEM
> tristate "Allwinner nvmem based SUN50I CPUFreq driver"
> depends on ARCH_SUNXI
> diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c
> index 8a482c434ea6..fa1692db93c4 100644
> --- a/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c
> +++ b/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c
> @@ -10,14 +10,18 @@
>
> #define pr_fmt(fmt) "CPPC Cpufreq:" fmt
>
> +#include <linux/arch_topology.h>
> #include <linux/kernel.h>
> #include <linux/module.h>
> #include <linux/delay.h>
> #include <linux/cpu.h>
> #include <linux/cpufreq.h>
> #include <linux/dmi.h>
> +#include <linux/irq_work.h>
> +#include <linux/kthread.h>
> #include <linux/time.h>
> #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/sched/types.h>
>
> #include <asm/unaligned.h>
>
> @@ -57,6 +61,182 @@ static struct cppc_workaround_oem_info wa_info[] = {
> }
> };
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE
> +
> +/* Frequency invariance support */
> +struct cppc_freq_invariance {
> + int cpu;
> + struct irq_work irq_work;
> + struct kthread_work work;
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs prev_perf_fb_ctrs;
> + struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data;
> +};
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cppc_freq_invariance, cppc_freq_inv);
> +static struct kthread_worker *kworker_fie;
> +
> +static struct cpufreq_driver cppc_cpufreq_driver;
> +static unsigned int hisi_cppc_cpufreq_get_rate(unsigned int cpu);
> +static int cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1);
> +
> +static void cppc_scale_freq_workfn(struct kthread_work *work)
> +{
> + struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs = {0};
> + struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data;
> + unsigned long local_freq_scale;
> + u64 perf;
> +
> + cppc_fi = container_of(work, struct cppc_freq_invariance, work);
> + cpu_data = cppc_fi->cpu_data;
> +
> + if (cppc_get_perf_ctrs(cppc_fi->cpu, &fb_ctrs)) {
> + pr_warn("%s: failed to read perf counters\n", __func__);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + cppc_fi->prev_perf_fb_ctrs = fb_ctrs;
> + perf = cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(cpu_data, cppc_fi->prev_perf_fb_ctrs,
> + fb_ctrs);
> +
> + perf <<= SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT;
> + local_freq_scale = div64_u64(perf, cpu_data->perf_caps.highest_perf);
> + if (WARN_ON(local_freq_scale > 1024))
> + local_freq_scale = 1024;
> +
> + per_cpu(freq_scale, cppc_fi->cpu) = local_freq_scale;
> +}
> +
> +static void cppc_irq_work(struct irq_work *irq_work)
> +{
> + struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
> +
> + cppc_fi = container_of(irq_work, struct cppc_freq_invariance, irq_work);
> + kthread_queue_work(kworker_fie, &cppc_fi->work);
> +}
> +
> +static void cppc_scale_freq_tick(void)
> +{
> + struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, smp_processor_id());
> +
> + /*
> + * cppc_get_perf_ctrs() can potentially sleep, call that from the right
> + * context.
> + */
> + irq_work_queue(&cppc_fi->irq_work);
> +}
> +
> +static struct scale_freq_data cppc_sftd = {
> + .source = SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPPC,
> + .set_freq_scale = cppc_scale_freq_tick,
> +};
> +
> +static void cppc_freq_invariance_policy_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
> + struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data)
> +{
> + struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
> + int i;
> +
> + for_each_cpu(i, policy->cpus) {
> + cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, i);
> + cppc_fi->cpu = i;
> + cppc_fi->cpu_data = cpu_data;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static void cppc_freq_invariance_exit(void)
> +{
> + struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
> + int i;
> +
> + if (cppc_cpufreq_driver.get == hisi_cppc_cpufreq_get_rate)
> + return;
> +
> + topology_clear_scale_freq_source(SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPPC, cpu_present_mask);
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
> + cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, i);
> + irq_work_sync(&cppc_fi->irq_work);
> + }
> +
> + kthread_destroy_worker(kworker_fie);
> + kworker_fie = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void __init cppc_freq_invariance_init(void)
> +{
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs = {0};
> + struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
> + struct sched_attr attr = {
> + .size = sizeof(struct sched_attr),
> + .sched_policy = SCHED_DEADLINE,
> + .sched_nice = 0,
> + .sched_priority = 0,
> + /*
> + * Fake (unused) bandwidth; workaround to "fix"
> + * priority inheritance.
> + */
> + .sched_runtime = 1000000,
> + .sched_deadline = 10000000,
> + .sched_period = 10000000,
> + };
> + int i, ret;
> +
> + if (cppc_cpufreq_driver.get == hisi_cppc_cpufreq_get_rate)
> + return;
> +
> + kworker_fie = kthread_create_worker(0, "cppc_fie");
> + if (IS_ERR(kworker_fie))
> + return;
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
> + cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, i);
> +
> + /* A policy failed to initialize, abort */
> + if (unlikely(!cppc_fi->cpu_data))
> + return cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
> +
> + kthread_init_work(&cppc_fi->work, cppc_scale_freq_workfn);
> + init_irq_work(&cppc_fi->irq_work, cppc_irq_work);

What would be wrong with doing the above in
cppc_freq_invariance_policy_init()? It looks like a better place to
me.

> + ret = sched_setattr_nocheck(kworker_fie->task, &attr);

And this needs to be done only once if I'm not mistaken.

> + if (ret) {
> + pr_warn("%s: failed to set SCHED_DEADLINE: %d\n",
> + __func__, ret);
> + return cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
> + }
> +
> + ret = cppc_get_perf_ctrs(i, &fb_ctrs);
> + if (ret) {
> + pr_warn("%s: failed to read perf counters: %d\n",
> + __func__, ret);
> + return cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
> + }
> +
> + cppc_fi->prev_perf_fb_ctrs = fb_ctrs;
> + }
> +
> + /* Register for freq-invariance */
> + topology_set_scale_freq_source(&cppc_sftd, cpu_present_mask);
> +}
> +
> +#else
> +static inline void
> +cppc_freq_invariance_policy_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
> + struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void cppc_freq_invariance_exit(void)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void cppc_freq_invariance_init(void)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE */
> +
> /* Callback function used to retrieve the max frequency from DMI */
> static void cppc_find_dmi_mhz(const struct dmi_header *dm, void *private)
> {
> @@ -355,9 +535,12 @@ static int cppc_cpufreq_cpu_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
> cpu_data->perf_ctrls.desired_perf = caps->highest_perf;
>
> ret = cppc_set_perf(cpu, &cpu_data->perf_ctrls);
> - if (ret)
> + if (ret) {
> pr_debug("Err setting perf value:%d on CPU:%d. ret:%d\n",
> caps->highest_perf, cpu, ret);
> + } else {
> + cppc_freq_invariance_policy_init(policy, cpu_data);
> + }
>
> return ret;
> }
> @@ -370,12 +553,12 @@ static inline u64 get_delta(u64 t1, u64 t0)
> return (u32)t1 - (u32)t0;
> }
>
> -static int cppc_get_rate_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
> - struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
> - struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1)
> +static int cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1)
> {
> u64 delta_reference, delta_delivered;
> - u64 reference_perf, delivered_perf;
> + u64 reference_perf;
>
> reference_perf = fb_ctrs_t0.reference_perf;
>
> @@ -384,12 +567,21 @@ static int cppc_get_rate_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
> delta_delivered = get_delta(fb_ctrs_t1.delivered,
> fb_ctrs_t0.delivered);
>
> - /* Check to avoid divide-by zero */
> - if (delta_reference || delta_delivered)
> - delivered_perf = (reference_perf * delta_delivered) /
> - delta_reference;
> - else
> - delivered_perf = cpu_data->perf_ctrls.desired_perf;
> + /* Check to avoid divide-by zero and invalid delivered_perf */
> + if (!delta_reference || !delta_delivered)
> + return cpu_data->perf_ctrls.desired_perf;
> +
> + return (reference_perf * delta_delivered) / delta_reference;
> +}
> +
> +static int cppc_get_rate_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
> + struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1)
> +{
> + u64 delivered_perf;
> +
> + delivered_perf = cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(cpu_data, fb_ctrs_t0,
> + fb_ctrs_t1);
>
> return cppc_cpufreq_perf_to_khz(cpu_data, delivered_perf);
> }
> @@ -514,6 +706,8 @@ static void cppc_check_hisi_workaround(void)
>
> static int __init cppc_cpufreq_init(void)
> {
> + int ret;
> +
> if ((acpi_disabled) || !acpi_cpc_valid())
> return -ENODEV;
>
> @@ -521,7 +715,11 @@ static int __init cppc_cpufreq_init(void)
>
> cppc_check_hisi_workaround();
>
> - return cpufreq_register_driver(&cppc_cpufreq_driver);
> + ret = cpufreq_register_driver(&cppc_cpufreq_driver);
> + if (!ret)
> + cppc_freq_invariance_init();
> +
> + return ret;
> }
>
> static inline void free_cpu_data(void)
> @@ -538,6 +736,7 @@ static inline void free_cpu_data(void)
>
> static void __exit cppc_cpufreq_exit(void)
> {
> + cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
> cpufreq_unregister_driver(&cppc_cpufreq_driver);
>
> free_cpu_data();
> diff --git a/include/linux/arch_topology.h b/include/linux/arch_topology.h
> index 3bcfba5c21a7..47ac4b41c28d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/arch_topology.h
> +++ b/include/linux/arch_topology.h
> @@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ bool topology_scale_freq_invariant(void);
> enum scale_freq_source {
> SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPUFREQ = 0,
> SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_ARCH,
> + SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPPC,
> };
>
> struct scale_freq_data {
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
> index ca2bb629595f..3adedc7b1725 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
> @@ -6386,6 +6386,7 @@ int sched_setattr_nocheck(struct task_struct *p, const struct sched_attr *attr)
> {
> return __sched_setscheduler(p, attr, false, true);
> }
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sched_setattr_nocheck);
>
> /**
> * sched_setscheduler_nocheck - change the scheduling policy and/or RT priority of a thread from kernelspace.
> --
> 2.25.0.rc1.19.g042ed3e048af
>

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