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Subject[PATCH v5 5/9] ALSA: virtio: handling control and I/O messages for the PCM device
Date
The driver implements a message-based transport for I/O substream
operations. Before the start of the substream, the hardware buffer is
sliced into I/O messages, the number of which is equal to the current
number of periods. The size of each message is equal to the current
size of one period.

I/O messages are organized in an ordered queue. The completion of the
I/O message indicates an elapsed period (the only exception is the end
of the stream for the capture substream). Upon completion, the message
is automatically re-added to the end of the queue.

Signed-off-by: Anton Yakovlev <anton.yakovlev@opensynergy.com>
---
sound/virtio/Makefile | 3 +-
sound/virtio/virtio_card.c | 18 +-
sound/virtio/virtio_card.h | 9 +
sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.c | 32 +++
sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.h | 42 ++++
sound/virtio/virtio_pcm_msg.c | 392 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
6 files changed, 493 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 sound/virtio/virtio_pcm_msg.c

diff --git a/sound/virtio/Makefile b/sound/virtio/Makefile
index 69162a545a41..626af3cc3ed7 100644
--- a/sound/virtio/Makefile
+++ b/sound/virtio/Makefile
@@ -5,5 +5,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SND_VIRTIO) += virtio_snd.o
virtio_snd-objs := \
virtio_card.o \
virtio_ctl_msg.o \
- virtio_pcm.o
+ virtio_pcm.o \
+ virtio_pcm_msg.o

diff --git a/sound/virtio/virtio_card.c b/sound/virtio/virtio_card.c
index 235afc25fce7..a845978111d6 100644
--- a/sound/virtio/virtio_card.c
+++ b/sound/virtio/virtio_card.c
@@ -65,8 +65,16 @@ static void virtsnd_event_notify_cb(struct virtqueue *vqueue)
spin_lock_irqsave(&queue->lock, flags);
do {
virtqueue_disable_cb(vqueue);
- while ((event = virtqueue_get_buf(vqueue, &length)))
+ while ((event = virtqueue_get_buf(vqueue, &length))) {
+ switch (le32_to_cpu(event->hdr.code)) {
+ case VIRTIO_SND_EVT_PCM_PERIOD_ELAPSED:
+ case VIRTIO_SND_EVT_PCM_XRUN:
+ virtsnd_pcm_event(snd, event);
+ break;
+ }
+
virtsnd_event_send(vqueue, event, true, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ }
if (unlikely(virtqueue_is_broken(vqueue)))
break;
} while (!virtqueue_enable_cb(vqueue));
@@ -87,7 +95,9 @@ static int virtsnd_find_vqs(struct virtio_snd *snd)
struct virtio_device *vdev = snd->vdev;
vq_callback_t *callbacks[VIRTIO_SND_VQ_MAX] = {
[VIRTIO_SND_VQ_CONTROL] = virtsnd_ctl_notify_cb,
- [VIRTIO_SND_VQ_EVENT] = virtsnd_event_notify_cb
+ [VIRTIO_SND_VQ_EVENT] = virtsnd_event_notify_cb,
+ [VIRTIO_SND_VQ_TX] = virtsnd_pcm_tx_notify_cb,
+ [VIRTIO_SND_VQ_RX] = virtsnd_pcm_rx_notify_cb
};
const char *names[VIRTIO_SND_VQ_MAX] = {
[VIRTIO_SND_VQ_CONTROL] = "virtsnd-ctl",
@@ -299,6 +309,7 @@ static int virtsnd_probe(struct virtio_device *vdev)
static void virtsnd_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtio_snd *snd = vdev->priv;
+ unsigned int i;

/* Stop all the virtqueues. */
vdev->config->reset(vdev);
@@ -310,6 +321,9 @@ static void virtsnd_remove(struct virtio_device *vdev)

vdev->config->del_vqs(vdev);

+ for (i = 0; snd->substreams && i < snd->nsubstreams; ++i)
+ virtsnd_pcm_msg_free(&snd->substreams[i]);
+
kfree(snd->event_msgs);
}

diff --git a/sound/virtio/virtio_card.h b/sound/virtio/virtio_card.h
index f5e06a1ec033..3d8f5ad92f79 100644
--- a/sound/virtio/virtio_card.h
+++ b/sound/virtio/virtio_card.h
@@ -81,4 +81,13 @@ virtsnd_rx_queue(struct virtio_snd *snd)
return &snd->queues[VIRTIO_SND_VQ_RX];
}

+static inline struct virtio_snd_queue *
+virtsnd_pcm_queue(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss)
+{
+ if (vss->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
+ return virtsnd_tx_queue(vss->snd);
+ else
+ return virtsnd_rx_queue(vss->snd);
+}
+
#endif /* VIRTIO_SND_CARD_H */
diff --git a/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.c b/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.c
index 4348ead63c14..3cfd3520a9c0 100644
--- a/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.c
+++ b/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.c
@@ -337,6 +337,8 @@ int virtsnd_pcm_parse_cfg(struct virtio_snd *snd)

vss->snd = snd;
vss->sid = i;
+ init_waitqueue_head(&vss->msg_empty);
+ spin_lock_init(&vss->lock);

rc = virtsnd_pcm_build_hw(vss, &info[i]);
if (rc)
@@ -461,3 +463,33 @@ int virtsnd_pcm_build_devs(struct virtio_snd *snd)

return 0;
}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_event() - Handle the PCM device event notification.
+ * @snd: VirtIO sound device.
+ * @event: VirtIO sound event.
+ *
+ * Context: Interrupt context.
+ */
+void virtsnd_pcm_event(struct virtio_snd *snd, struct virtio_snd_event *event)
+{
+ struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss;
+ u32 sid = le32_to_cpu(event->data);
+
+ if (sid >= snd->nsubstreams)
+ return;
+
+ vss = &snd->substreams[sid];
+
+ switch (le32_to_cpu(event->hdr.code)) {
+ case VIRTIO_SND_EVT_PCM_PERIOD_ELAPSED:
+ /* TODO: deal with shmem elapsed period */
+ break;
+ case VIRTIO_SND_EVT_PCM_XRUN:
+ spin_lock(&vss->lock);
+ if (vss->xfer_enabled)
+ vss->xfer_xrun = true;
+ spin_unlock(&vss->lock);
+ break;
+ }
+}
diff --git a/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.h b/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.h
index a2aadc44dce9..c70e4fed9044 100644
--- a/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.h
+++ b/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm.h
@@ -22,6 +22,19 @@ struct virtio_pcm_msg;
* @features: Stream VirtIO feature bit map (1 << VIRTIO_SND_PCM_F_XXX).
* @substream: Kernel ALSA substream.
* @hw: Kernel ALSA substream hardware descriptor.
+ * @frame_bytes: Current frame size in bytes.
+ * @period_size: Current period size in frames.
+ * @buffer_size: Current buffer size in frames.
+ * @lock: Spinlock that protects fields shared by interrupt handlers and
+ * substream operators.
+ * @hw_ptr: Substream hardware pointer value in frames [0 ... buffer_size).
+ * @xfer_enabled: Data transfer state (0 - off, 1 - on).
+ * @xfer_xrun: Data underflow/overflow state (0 - no xrun, 1 - xrun).
+ * @msgs: Allocated I/O messages.
+ * @nmsgs: Number of allocated I/O messages.
+ * @msg_last_enqueued: Index of the last I/O message added to the virtqueue.
+ * @msg_count: Number of pending I/O messages in the virtqueue.
+ * @msg_empty: Notify when msg_count is zero.
*/
struct virtio_pcm_substream {
struct virtio_snd *snd;
@@ -31,6 +44,18 @@ struct virtio_pcm_substream {
u32 features;
struct snd_pcm_substream *substream;
struct snd_pcm_hardware hw;
+ unsigned int frame_bytes;
+ snd_pcm_uframes_t period_size;
+ snd_pcm_uframes_t buffer_size;
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ snd_pcm_uframes_t hw_ptr;
+ bool xfer_enabled;
+ bool xfer_xrun;
+ struct virtio_pcm_msg **msgs;
+ unsigned int nmsgs;
+ int msg_last_enqueued;
+ unsigned int msg_count;
+ wait_queue_head_t msg_empty;
};

/**
@@ -63,8 +88,25 @@ int virtsnd_pcm_parse_cfg(struct virtio_snd *snd);

int virtsnd_pcm_build_devs(struct virtio_snd *snd);

+void virtsnd_pcm_event(struct virtio_snd *snd, struct virtio_snd_event *event);
+
+void virtsnd_pcm_tx_notify_cb(struct virtqueue *vqueue);
+
+void virtsnd_pcm_rx_notify_cb(struct virtqueue *vqueue);
+
struct virtio_pcm *virtsnd_pcm_find(struct virtio_snd *snd, u32 nid);

struct virtio_pcm *virtsnd_pcm_find_or_create(struct virtio_snd *snd, u32 nid);

+struct virtio_snd_msg *
+virtsnd_pcm_ctl_msg_alloc(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss,
+ unsigned int command, gfp_t gfp);
+
+int virtsnd_pcm_msg_alloc(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss,
+ unsigned int periods, unsigned int period_bytes);
+
+void virtsnd_pcm_msg_free(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss);
+
+int virtsnd_pcm_msg_send(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss);
+
#endif /* VIRTIO_SND_PCM_H */
diff --git a/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm_msg.c b/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm_msg.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8f29a9baf806
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sound/virtio/virtio_pcm_msg.c
@@ -0,0 +1,392 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+/*
+ * virtio-snd: Virtio sound device
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 OpenSynergy GmbH
+ */
+#include <sound/pcm_params.h>
+
+#include "virtio_card.h"
+
+/**
+ * struct virtio_pcm_msg - VirtIO I/O message.
+ * @substream: VirtIO PCM substream.
+ * @xfer: Request header payload.
+ * @status: Response header payload.
+ * @sgs: Payload scatter-gather table.
+ */
+struct virtio_pcm_msg {
+ struct virtio_pcm_substream *substream;
+ struct virtio_snd_pcm_xfer xfer;
+ struct virtio_snd_pcm_status status;
+ struct scatterlist sgs[0];
+};
+
+/**
+ * enum pcm_msg_sg_index - Index values for the virtio_pcm_msg->sgs field in
+ * an I/O message.
+ * @PCM_MSG_SG_XFER: Element containing a virtio_snd_pcm_xfer structure.
+ * @PCM_MSG_SG_STATUS: Element containing a virtio_snd_pcm_status structure.
+ * @PCM_MSG_SG_DATA: The first element containing a data buffer.
+ */
+enum pcm_msg_sg_index {
+ PCM_MSG_SG_XFER = 0,
+ PCM_MSG_SG_STATUS,
+ PCM_MSG_SG_DATA
+};
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_sg_num() - Count the number of sg-elements required to represent
+ * vmalloc'ed buffer.
+ * @data: Pointer to vmalloc'ed buffer.
+ * @length: Buffer size.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ * Return: Number of physically contiguous parts in the @data.
+ */
+static int virtsnd_pcm_sg_num(u8 *data, unsigned int length)
+{
+ phys_addr_t sg_address;
+ unsigned int sg_length;
+ int num = 0;
+
+ while (length) {
+ struct page *pg = vmalloc_to_page(data);
+ phys_addr_t pg_address = page_to_phys(pg);
+ size_t pg_length;
+
+ pg_length = PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(data);
+ if (pg_length > length)
+ pg_length = length;
+
+ if (!num || sg_address + sg_length != pg_address) {
+ sg_address = pg_address;
+ sg_length = pg_length;
+ num++;
+ } else {
+ sg_length += pg_length;
+ }
+
+ data += pg_length;
+ length -= pg_length;
+ }
+
+ return num;
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_sg_from() - Build sg-list from vmalloc'ed buffer.
+ * @sgs: Preallocated sg-list to populate.
+ * @nsgs: The maximum number of elements in the @sgs.
+ * @data: Pointer to vmalloc'ed buffer.
+ * @length: Buffer size.
+ *
+ * Splits the buffer into physically contiguous parts and makes an sg-list of
+ * such parts.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ */
+static void virtsnd_pcm_sg_from(struct scatterlist *sgs, int nsgs, u8 *data,
+ unsigned int length)
+{
+ int idx = -1;
+
+ while (length) {
+ struct page *pg = vmalloc_to_page(data);
+ size_t pg_length;
+
+ pg_length = PAGE_SIZE - offset_in_page(data);
+ if (pg_length > length)
+ pg_length = length;
+
+ if (idx == -1 ||
+ sg_phys(&sgs[idx]) + sgs[idx].length != page_to_phys(pg)) {
+ if (idx + 1 == nsgs)
+ break;
+ sg_set_page(&sgs[++idx], pg, pg_length,
+ offset_in_page(data));
+ } else {
+ sgs[idx].length += pg_length;
+ }
+
+ data += pg_length;
+ length -= pg_length;
+ }
+
+ sg_mark_end(&sgs[idx]);
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_msg_alloc() - Allocate I/O messages.
+ * @vss: VirtIO PCM substream.
+ * @periods: Current number of periods.
+ * @period_bytes: Current period size in bytes.
+ *
+ * The function slices the buffer into @periods parts (each with the size of
+ * @period_bytes), and creates @periods corresponding I/O messages.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context that permits to sleep.
+ * Return: 0 on success, -ENOMEM on failure.
+ */
+int virtsnd_pcm_msg_alloc(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss,
+ unsigned int periods, unsigned int period_bytes)
+{
+ struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = vss->substream->runtime;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ /* Free previously allocated messages (if any). */
+ virtsnd_pcm_msg_free(vss);
+
+ vss->msgs = kcalloc(periods, sizeof(*vss->msgs), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!vss->msgs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ vss->nmsgs = periods;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < periods; ++i) {
+ u8 *data = runtime->dma_area + period_bytes * i;
+ int sg_num = virtsnd_pcm_sg_num(data, period_bytes);
+ struct virtio_pcm_msg *msg;
+
+ msg = kzalloc(sizeof(*msg) + sizeof(*msg->sgs) * (sg_num + 2),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!msg)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ msg->substream = vss;
+ sg_init_one(&msg->sgs[PCM_MSG_SG_XFER], &msg->xfer,
+ sizeof(msg->xfer));
+ sg_init_one(&msg->sgs[PCM_MSG_SG_STATUS], &msg->status,
+ sizeof(msg->status));
+ virtsnd_pcm_sg_from(&msg->sgs[PCM_MSG_SG_DATA], sg_num, data,
+ period_bytes);
+
+ vss->msgs[i] = msg;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_msg_free() - Free all allocated I/O messages.
+ * @vss: VirtIO PCM substream.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context.
+ */
+void virtsnd_pcm_msg_free(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < vss->nmsgs; ++i)
+ kfree(vss->msgs[i]);
+ kfree(vss->msgs);
+
+ vss->msgs = NULL;
+ vss->nmsgs = 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_msg_send() - Send asynchronous I/O messages.
+ * @vss: VirtIO PCM substream.
+ *
+ * All messages are organized in an ordered circular list. Each time the
+ * function is called, all currently non-enqueued messages are added to the
+ * virtqueue. For this, the function keeps track of two values:
+ *
+ * msg_last_enqueued = index of the last enqueued message,
+ * msg_count = # of pending messages in the virtqueue.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. Expects the tx/rx queue and the VirtIO substream
+ * spinlocks to be held by caller.
+ * Return: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
+ */
+int virtsnd_pcm_msg_send(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss)
+{
+ struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = vss->substream->runtime;
+ struct virtio_snd *snd = vss->snd;
+ struct virtio_device *vdev = snd->vdev;
+ struct virtqueue *vqueue = virtsnd_pcm_queue(vss)->vqueue;
+ int i;
+ int n;
+ bool notify = false;
+
+ i = (vss->msg_last_enqueued + 1) % runtime->periods;
+ n = runtime->periods - vss->msg_count;
+
+ for (; n; --n, i = (i + 1) % runtime->periods) {
+ struct virtio_pcm_msg *msg = vss->msgs[i];
+ struct scatterlist *psgs[] = {
+ &msg->sgs[PCM_MSG_SG_XFER],
+ &msg->sgs[PCM_MSG_SG_DATA],
+ &msg->sgs[PCM_MSG_SG_STATUS]
+ };
+ int rc;
+
+ msg->xfer.stream_id = cpu_to_le32(vss->sid);
+ memset(&msg->status, 0, sizeof(msg->status));
+
+ if (vss->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
+ rc = virtqueue_add_sgs(vqueue, psgs, 2, 1, msg,
+ GFP_ATOMIC);
+ else
+ rc = virtqueue_add_sgs(vqueue, psgs, 1, 2, msg,
+ GFP_ATOMIC);
+
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(&vdev->dev,
+ "SID %u: failed to send I/O message\n",
+ vss->sid);
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ vss->msg_last_enqueued = i;
+ vss->msg_count++;
+ }
+
+ if (!(vss->features & (1U << VIRTIO_SND_PCM_F_MSG_POLLING)))
+ notify = virtqueue_kick_prepare(vqueue);
+
+ if (notify)
+ virtqueue_notify(vqueue);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_msg_complete() - Complete an I/O message.
+ * @msg: I/O message.
+ * @size: Number of bytes written.
+ *
+ * Completion of the message means the elapsed period.
+ *
+ * Context: Interrupt context. Takes and releases the VirtIO substream spinlock.
+ */
+static void virtsnd_pcm_msg_complete(struct virtio_pcm_msg *msg, size_t size)
+{
+ struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss = msg->substream;
+
+ /*
+ * hw_ptr always indicates the buffer position of the first I/O message
+ * in the virtqueue. Therefore, on each completion of an I/O message,
+ * the hw_ptr value is unconditionally advanced.
+ */
+ spin_lock(&vss->lock);
+ /*
+ * If the capture substream returned an incorrect status, then just
+ * increase the hw_ptr by the period size.
+ */
+ if (vss->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ||
+ size <= sizeof(msg->status)) {
+ vss->hw_ptr += vss->period_size;
+ } else {
+ size -= sizeof(msg->status);
+ vss->hw_ptr += size / vss->frame_bytes;
+ }
+
+ vss->hw_ptr %= vss->buffer_size;
+ vss->xfer_xrun = false;
+ vss->msg_count--;
+
+ if (vss->xfer_enabled) {
+ struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = vss->substream->runtime;
+
+ runtime->delay =
+ bytes_to_frames(runtime,
+ le32_to_cpu(msg->status.latency_bytes));
+
+ spin_unlock(&vss->lock);
+ snd_pcm_period_elapsed(vss->substream);
+ spin_lock(&vss->lock);
+
+ virtsnd_pcm_msg_send(vss);
+ } else if (!vss->msg_count) {
+ wake_up_all(&vss->msg_empty);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&vss->lock);
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_notify_cb() - Process all completed I/O messages.
+ * @queue: Underlying tx/rx virtqueue.
+ *
+ * If transmission is allowed, then each completed message is immediately placed
+ * back at the end of the queue.
+ *
+ * Context: Interrupt context. Takes and releases the tx/rx queue spinlock.
+ */
+static inline void virtsnd_pcm_notify_cb(struct virtio_snd_queue *queue)
+{
+ struct virtio_pcm_msg *msg;
+ u32 length;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&queue->lock, flags);
+ do {
+ virtqueue_disable_cb(queue->vqueue);
+ while ((msg = virtqueue_get_buf(queue->vqueue, &length)))
+ virtsnd_pcm_msg_complete(msg, length);
+ if (unlikely(virtqueue_is_broken(queue->vqueue)))
+ break;
+ } while (!virtqueue_enable_cb(queue->vqueue));
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&queue->lock, flags);
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_tx_notify_cb() - Process all completed TX messages.
+ * @vqueue: Underlying tx virtqueue.
+ *
+ * Context: Interrupt context.
+ */
+void virtsnd_pcm_tx_notify_cb(struct virtqueue *vqueue)
+{
+ struct virtio_snd *snd = vqueue->vdev->priv;
+
+ virtsnd_pcm_notify_cb(virtsnd_tx_queue(snd));
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_rx_notify_cb() - Process all completed RX messages.
+ * @vqueue: Underlying rx virtqueue.
+ *
+ * Context: Interrupt context.
+ */
+void virtsnd_pcm_rx_notify_cb(struct virtqueue *vqueue)
+{
+ struct virtio_snd *snd = vqueue->vdev->priv;
+
+ virtsnd_pcm_notify_cb(virtsnd_rx_queue(snd));
+}
+
+/**
+ * virtsnd_pcm_ctl_msg_alloc() - Allocate and initialize the PCM device control
+ * message for the specified substream.
+ * @vss: VirtIO PCM substream.
+ * @command: Control request code (VIRTIO_SND_R_PCM_XXX).
+ * @gfp: Kernel flags for memory allocation.
+ *
+ * Context: Any context. May sleep if @gfp flags permit.
+ * Return: Allocated message on success, NULL on failure.
+ */
+struct virtio_snd_msg *
+virtsnd_pcm_ctl_msg_alloc(struct virtio_pcm_substream *vss,
+ unsigned int command, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ size_t request_size = sizeof(struct virtio_snd_pcm_hdr);
+ size_t response_size = sizeof(struct virtio_snd_hdr);
+ struct virtio_snd_msg *msg;
+
+ switch (command) {
+ case VIRTIO_SND_R_PCM_SET_PARAMS:
+ request_size = sizeof(struct virtio_snd_pcm_set_params);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ msg = virtsnd_ctl_msg_alloc(request_size, response_size, gfp);
+ if (msg) {
+ struct virtio_snd_pcm_hdr *hdr = virtsnd_ctl_msg_request(msg);
+
+ hdr->hdr.code = cpu_to_le32(command);
+ hdr->stream_id = cpu_to_le32(vss->sid);
+ }
+
+ return msg;
+}
--
2.30.0

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