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Subject[PATCH V4 2/2] cpufreq: cppc: Add support for frequency invariance
Date
The Frequency Invariance Engine (FIE) is providing a frequency scaling
correction factor that helps achieve more accurate load-tracking.

Normally, this scaling factor can be obtained directly with the help of
the cpufreq drivers as they know the exact frequency the hardware is
running at. But that isn't the case for CPPC cpufreq driver.

Another way of obtaining that is using the arch specific counter
support, which is already present in kernel, but that hardware is
optional for platforms.

This patch thus obtains this scaling factor using the existing logic
present in the cppc driver. Note that the arch specific counters have
higher priority than CPPC counters if available, though the CPPC driver
doesn't need to have any special handling for that.

To allow platforms to disable frequency invariance support if they want,
this is all done under CONFIG_ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE, which is enabled by
default.

This also exports sched_setattr_nocheck() as the CPPC driver can be
built as a module.

Cc: Ionela Voinescu <ionela.voinescu@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
---
drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm | 9 ++
drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c | 223 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
include/linux/arch_topology.h | 1 +
kernel/sched/core.c | 1 +
4 files changed, 222 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm b/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
index e65e0a43be64..a3e2d6dfea70 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/Kconfig.arm
@@ -19,6 +19,15 @@ config ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ

If in doubt, say N.

+config ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE
+ bool "Frequency Invariance support for CPPC cpufreq driver"
+ depends on ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ
+ default y
+ help
+ This enables frequency invariance support for CPPC cpufreq driver.
+
+ If in doubt, say N.
+
config ARM_ALLWINNER_SUN50I_CPUFREQ_NVMEM
tristate "Allwinner nvmem based SUN50I CPUFreq driver"
depends on ARCH_SUNXI
diff --git a/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c b/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c
index 8a482c434ea6..fa1692db93c4 100644
--- a/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c
+++ b/drivers/cpufreq/cppc_cpufreq.c
@@ -10,14 +10,18 @@

#define pr_fmt(fmt) "CPPC Cpufreq:" fmt

+#include <linux/arch_topology.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
+#include <linux/irq_work.h>
+#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/sched/types.h>

#include <asm/unaligned.h>

@@ -57,6 +61,182 @@ static struct cppc_workaround_oem_info wa_info[] = {
}
};

+#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE
+
+/* Frequency invariance support */
+struct cppc_freq_invariance {
+ int cpu;
+ struct irq_work irq_work;
+ struct kthread_work work;
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs prev_perf_fb_ctrs;
+ struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data;
+};
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cppc_freq_invariance, cppc_freq_inv);
+static struct kthread_worker *kworker_fie;
+
+static struct cpufreq_driver cppc_cpufreq_driver;
+static unsigned int hisi_cppc_cpufreq_get_rate(unsigned int cpu);
+static int cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1);
+
+static void cppc_scale_freq_workfn(struct kthread_work *work)
+{
+ struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs = {0};
+ struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data;
+ unsigned long local_freq_scale;
+ u64 perf;
+
+ cppc_fi = container_of(work, struct cppc_freq_invariance, work);
+ cpu_data = cppc_fi->cpu_data;
+
+ if (cppc_get_perf_ctrs(cppc_fi->cpu, &fb_ctrs)) {
+ pr_warn("%s: failed to read perf counters\n", __func__);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ cppc_fi->prev_perf_fb_ctrs = fb_ctrs;
+ perf = cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(cpu_data, cppc_fi->prev_perf_fb_ctrs,
+ fb_ctrs);
+
+ perf <<= SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT;
+ local_freq_scale = div64_u64(perf, cpu_data->perf_caps.highest_perf);
+ if (WARN_ON(local_freq_scale > 1024))
+ local_freq_scale = 1024;
+
+ per_cpu(freq_scale, cppc_fi->cpu) = local_freq_scale;
+}
+
+static void cppc_irq_work(struct irq_work *irq_work)
+{
+ struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
+
+ cppc_fi = container_of(irq_work, struct cppc_freq_invariance, irq_work);
+ kthread_queue_work(kworker_fie, &cppc_fi->work);
+}
+
+static void cppc_scale_freq_tick(void)
+{
+ struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, smp_processor_id());
+
+ /*
+ * cppc_get_perf_ctrs() can potentially sleep, call that from the right
+ * context.
+ */
+ irq_work_queue(&cppc_fi->irq_work);
+}
+
+static struct scale_freq_data cppc_sftd = {
+ .source = SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPPC,
+ .set_freq_scale = cppc_scale_freq_tick,
+};
+
+static void cppc_freq_invariance_policy_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
+ struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data)
+{
+ struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
+ int i;
+
+ for_each_cpu(i, policy->cpus) {
+ cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, i);
+ cppc_fi->cpu = i;
+ cppc_fi->cpu_data = cpu_data;
+ }
+}
+
+static void cppc_freq_invariance_exit(void)
+{
+ struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
+ int i;
+
+ if (cppc_cpufreq_driver.get == hisi_cppc_cpufreq_get_rate)
+ return;
+
+ topology_clear_scale_freq_source(SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPPC, cpu_present_mask);
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+ cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, i);
+ irq_work_sync(&cppc_fi->irq_work);
+ }
+
+ kthread_destroy_worker(kworker_fie);
+ kworker_fie = NULL;
+}
+
+static void __init cppc_freq_invariance_init(void)
+{
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs = {0};
+ struct cppc_freq_invariance *cppc_fi;
+ struct sched_attr attr = {
+ .size = sizeof(struct sched_attr),
+ .sched_policy = SCHED_DEADLINE,
+ .sched_nice = 0,
+ .sched_priority = 0,
+ /*
+ * Fake (unused) bandwidth; workaround to "fix"
+ * priority inheritance.
+ */
+ .sched_runtime = 1000000,
+ .sched_deadline = 10000000,
+ .sched_period = 10000000,
+ };
+ int i, ret;
+
+ if (cppc_cpufreq_driver.get == hisi_cppc_cpufreq_get_rate)
+ return;
+
+ kworker_fie = kthread_create_worker(0, "cppc_fie");
+ if (IS_ERR(kworker_fie))
+ return;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
+ cppc_fi = &per_cpu(cppc_freq_inv, i);
+
+ /* A policy failed to initialize, abort */
+ if (unlikely(!cppc_fi->cpu_data))
+ return cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
+
+ kthread_init_work(&cppc_fi->work, cppc_scale_freq_workfn);
+ init_irq_work(&cppc_fi->irq_work, cppc_irq_work);
+ ret = sched_setattr_nocheck(kworker_fie->task, &attr);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_warn("%s: failed to set SCHED_DEADLINE: %d\n",
+ __func__, ret);
+ return cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
+ }
+
+ ret = cppc_get_perf_ctrs(i, &fb_ctrs);
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_warn("%s: failed to read perf counters: %d\n",
+ __func__, ret);
+ return cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
+ }
+
+ cppc_fi->prev_perf_fb_ctrs = fb_ctrs;
+ }
+
+ /* Register for freq-invariance */
+ topology_set_scale_freq_source(&cppc_sftd, cpu_present_mask);
+}
+
+#else
+static inline void
+cppc_freq_invariance_policy_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
+ struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void cppc_freq_invariance_exit(void)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void cppc_freq_invariance_init(void)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_ACPI_CPPC_CPUFREQ_FIE */
+
/* Callback function used to retrieve the max frequency from DMI */
static void cppc_find_dmi_mhz(const struct dmi_header *dm, void *private)
{
@@ -355,9 +535,12 @@ static int cppc_cpufreq_cpu_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
cpu_data->perf_ctrls.desired_perf = caps->highest_perf;

ret = cppc_set_perf(cpu, &cpu_data->perf_ctrls);
- if (ret)
+ if (ret) {
pr_debug("Err setting perf value:%d on CPU:%d. ret:%d\n",
caps->highest_perf, cpu, ret);
+ } else {
+ cppc_freq_invariance_policy_init(policy, cpu_data);
+ }

return ret;
}
@@ -370,12 +553,12 @@ static inline u64 get_delta(u64 t1, u64 t0)
return (u32)t1 - (u32)t0;
}

-static int cppc_get_rate_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
- struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
- struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1)
+static int cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1)
{
u64 delta_reference, delta_delivered;
- u64 reference_perf, delivered_perf;
+ u64 reference_perf;

reference_perf = fb_ctrs_t0.reference_perf;

@@ -384,12 +567,21 @@ static int cppc_get_rate_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
delta_delivered = get_delta(fb_ctrs_t1.delivered,
fb_ctrs_t0.delivered);

- /* Check to avoid divide-by zero */
- if (delta_reference || delta_delivered)
- delivered_perf = (reference_perf * delta_delivered) /
- delta_reference;
- else
- delivered_perf = cpu_data->perf_ctrls.desired_perf;
+ /* Check to avoid divide-by zero and invalid delivered_perf */
+ if (!delta_reference || !delta_delivered)
+ return cpu_data->perf_ctrls.desired_perf;
+
+ return (reference_perf * delta_delivered) / delta_reference;
+}
+
+static int cppc_get_rate_from_fbctrs(struct cppc_cpudata *cpu_data,
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t0,
+ struct cppc_perf_fb_ctrs fb_ctrs_t1)
+{
+ u64 delivered_perf;
+
+ delivered_perf = cppc_perf_from_fbctrs(cpu_data, fb_ctrs_t0,
+ fb_ctrs_t1);

return cppc_cpufreq_perf_to_khz(cpu_data, delivered_perf);
}
@@ -514,6 +706,8 @@ static void cppc_check_hisi_workaround(void)

static int __init cppc_cpufreq_init(void)
{
+ int ret;
+
if ((acpi_disabled) || !acpi_cpc_valid())
return -ENODEV;

@@ -521,7 +715,11 @@ static int __init cppc_cpufreq_init(void)

cppc_check_hisi_workaround();

- return cpufreq_register_driver(&cppc_cpufreq_driver);
+ ret = cpufreq_register_driver(&cppc_cpufreq_driver);
+ if (!ret)
+ cppc_freq_invariance_init();
+
+ return ret;
}

static inline void free_cpu_data(void)
@@ -538,6 +736,7 @@ static inline void free_cpu_data(void)

static void __exit cppc_cpufreq_exit(void)
{
+ cppc_freq_invariance_exit();
cpufreq_unregister_driver(&cppc_cpufreq_driver);

free_cpu_data();
diff --git a/include/linux/arch_topology.h b/include/linux/arch_topology.h
index 3bcfba5c21a7..47ac4b41c28d 100644
--- a/include/linux/arch_topology.h
+++ b/include/linux/arch_topology.h
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ bool topology_scale_freq_invariant(void);
enum scale_freq_source {
SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPUFREQ = 0,
SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_ARCH,
+ SCALE_FREQ_SOURCE_CPPC,
};

struct scale_freq_data {
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index ca2bb629595f..3adedc7b1725 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -6386,6 +6386,7 @@ int sched_setattr_nocheck(struct task_struct *p, const struct sched_attr *attr)
{
return __sched_setscheduler(p, attr, false, true);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sched_setattr_nocheck);

/**
* sched_setscheduler_nocheck - change the scheduling policy and/or RT priority of a thread from kernelspace.
--
2.25.0.rc1.19.g042ed3e048af
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