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SubjectRe: [PATCH] sched/pelt: Fix task util_est update filtering
On Fri, Feb 19, 2021 at 11:48:28AM +0100, Vincent Guittot wrote:
> On Tue, 16 Feb 2021 at 17:39, <vincent.donnefort@arm.com> wrote:
> >
> > From: Vincent Donnefort <vincent.donnefort@arm.com>
> >
> > Being called for each dequeue, util_est reduces the number of its updates
> > by filtering out when the EWMA signal is different from the task util_avg
> > by less than 1%. It is a problem for a sudden util_avg ramp-up. Due to the
> > decay from a previous high util_avg, EWMA might now be close enough to
> > the new util_avg. No update would then happen while it would leave
> > ue.enqueued with an out-of-date value.
> >
> > Taking into consideration the two util_est members, EWMA and enqueued for
> > the filtering, ensures, for both, an up-to-date value.
> >
> > This is for now an issue only for the trace probe that might return the
> > stale value. Functional-wise, it isn't (yet) a problem, as the value is
>
> What do you mean by "it isn't (yet) a problem" ? How could this become
> a problem ?

I wrote "yet" as nothing prevents anyone from using the ue.enqueued signal.

>
> > always accessed through max(enqueued, ewma).
> >
>
> This adds more tests and or update of struct avg.util_est. It would
> be good to have an idea of the perf impact. Especially because this
> only fixes a tracing problem

I ran hackbench on the big cores of a SD845C board. After 100 iterations of
100 loops runs, the geometric mean of the hackbench test is 0.1% lower
with this patch applied (2.0833s vs 2.0858s). The p-value, computed with
the ks_2samp [1] is 0.37. We can't conclude that the two distributions are
different. This patch, in this scenario seems completely harmless.

Shall I include those results in the commit message?

[1] https://docs.scipy.org/doc/scipy/reference/generated/scipy.stats.ks_2samp.html

>
>
> > This problem has been observed using LISA's UtilConvergence:test_means on
> > the sd845c board.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Vincent Donnefort <vincent.donnefort@arm.com>
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > index 794c2cb945f8..9008e0c42def 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
> > @@ -3941,24 +3941,27 @@ static inline void util_est_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> > trace_sched_util_est_cfs_tp(cfs_rq);
> > }
> >
> > +#define UTIL_EST_MARGIN (SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE / 100)
> > +
> > /*
> > - * Check if a (signed) value is within a specified (unsigned) margin,
> > + * Check if a (signed) value is within the (unsigned) util_est margin,
> > * based on the observation that:
> > *
> > * abs(x) < y := (unsigned)(x + y - 1) < (2 * y - 1)
> > *
> > - * NOTE: this only works when value + maring < INT_MAX.
> > + * NOTE: this only works when value + UTIL_EST_MARGIN < INT_MAX.
> > */
> > -static inline bool within_margin(int value, int margin)
> > +static inline bool util_est_within_margin(int value)
> > {
> > - return ((unsigned int)(value + margin - 1) < (2 * margin - 1));
> > + return ((unsigned int)(value + UTIL_EST_MARGIN - 1) <
> > + (2 * UTIL_EST_MARGIN - 1));
> > }
> >
> > static inline void util_est_update(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> > struct task_struct *p,
> > bool task_sleep)
> > {
> > - long last_ewma_diff;
> > + long last_ewma_diff, last_enqueued_diff;
> > struct util_est ue;
> >
> > if (!sched_feat(UTIL_EST))
> > @@ -3979,6 +3982,8 @@ static inline void util_est_update(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> > if (ue.enqueued & UTIL_AVG_UNCHANGED)
> > return;
> >
> > + last_enqueued_diff = ue.enqueued;
> > +
> > /*
> > * Reset EWMA on utilization increases, the moving average is used only
> > * to smooth utilization decreases.
> > @@ -3992,12 +3997,19 @@ static inline void util_est_update(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq,
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > - * Skip update of task's estimated utilization when its EWMA is
> > + * Skip update of task's estimated utilization when its members are
> > * already ~1% close to its last activation value.
> > */
> > last_ewma_diff = ue.enqueued - ue.ewma;
> > - if (within_margin(last_ewma_diff, (SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE / 100)))
> > + last_enqueued_diff -= ue.enqueued;
> > + if (util_est_within_margin(last_ewma_diff)) {
> > + if (!util_est_within_margin(last_enqueued_diff)) {
> > + ue.ewma = ue.enqueued;
> > + goto done;
> > + }
> > +
> > return;
> > + }
> >
> > /*
> > * To avoid overestimation of actual task utilization, skip updates if
> > --
> > 2.25.1
> >

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