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Subject[PATCH v5] ARM: Implement SLS mitigation
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This patch adds CONFIG_HARDEN_SLS_ALL that can be used to turn on
-mharden-sls=all, which mitigates the straight-line speculation
vulnerability, speculative execution of the instruction following some
unconditional jumps. Notice -mharden-sls= has other options as below,
and this config turns on the strongest option.

all: enable all mitigations against Straight Line Speculation that are implemented.
none: disable all mitigations against Straight Line Speculation.
retbr: enable the mitigation against Straight Line Speculation for RET and BR instructions.
blr: enable the mitigation against Straight Line Speculation for BLR instructions.

Links:
https://reviews.llvm.org/D93221
https://reviews.llvm.org/D81404
https://developer.arm.com/support/arm-security-updates/speculative-processor-vulnerability/downloads/straight-line-speculation
https://developer.arm.com/support/arm-security-updates/speculative-processor-vulnerability/frequently-asked-questions#SLS2

Suggested-by: Manoj Gupta <manojgupta@google.com>
Suggested-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Suggested-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Suggested-by: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Suggested-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Suggested-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jian Cai <jiancai@google.com>
---
Changes v4->v5:
Removed "default n" and made the description target indepdent in
Kconfig.hardening. Please ignore my last email, it did not include the
changes.

arch/arm/Makefile | 4 ++++
arch/arm/include/asm/vmlinux.lds.h | 4 ++++
arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 1 +
arch/arm64/Makefile | 4 ++++
arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 5 +++++
security/Kconfig.hardening | 8 ++++++++
6 files changed, 26 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/arm/Makefile b/arch/arm/Makefile
index 4aaec9599e8a..11d89ef32da9 100644
--- a/arch/arm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/Makefile
@@ -48,6 +48,10 @@ CHECKFLAGS += -D__ARMEL__
KBUILD_LDFLAGS += -EL
endif

+ifeq ($(CONFIG_HARDEN_SLS_ALL), y)
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mharden-sls=all
+endif
+
#
# The Scalar Replacement of Aggregates (SRA) optimization pass in GCC 4.9 and
# later may result in code being generated that handles signed short and signed
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/vmlinux.lds.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/vmlinux.lds.h
index 4a91428c324d..c7f9717511ca 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/vmlinux.lds.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/vmlinux.lds.h
@@ -145,3 +145,7 @@
__edtcm_data = .; \
} \
. = __dtcm_start + SIZEOF(.data_dtcm);
+
+#define SLS_TEXT \
+ ALIGN_FUNCTION(); \
+ *(.text.__llvm_slsblr_thunk_*)
diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index f7f4620d59c3..e71f2bc97bae 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ SECTIONS
.text : { /* Real text segment */
_stext = .; /* Text and read-only data */
ARM_TEXT
+ SLS_TEXT
}

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_ALIGN_RODATA
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Makefile b/arch/arm64/Makefile
index 90309208bb28..ca7299b356a9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/Makefile
@@ -34,6 +34,10 @@ $(warning LSE atomics not supported by binutils)
endif
endif

+ifeq ($(CONFIG_HARDEN_SLS_ALL), y)
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mharden-sls=all
+endif
+
cc_has_k_constraint := $(call try-run,echo \
'int main(void) { \
asm volatile("and w0, w0, %w0" :: "K" (4294967295)); \
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 4c0b0c89ad59..f8912e42ffcd 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -93,6 +93,10 @@ jiffies = jiffies_64;
#define TRAMP_TEXT
#endif

+#define SLS_TEXT \
+ ALIGN_FUNCTION(); \
+ *(.text.__llvm_slsblr_thunk_*)
+
/*
* The size of the PE/COFF section that covers the kernel image, which
* runs from _stext to _edata, must be a round multiple of the PE/COFF
@@ -144,6 +148,7 @@ SECTIONS
HIBERNATE_TEXT
TRAMP_TEXT
*(.fixup)
+ SLS_TEXT
*(.gnu.warning)
. = ALIGN(16);
*(.got) /* Global offset table */
diff --git a/security/Kconfig.hardening b/security/Kconfig.hardening
index 269967c4fc1b..db76ad732c14 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig.hardening
+++ b/security/Kconfig.hardening
@@ -121,6 +121,14 @@ choice

endchoice

+config HARDEN_SLS_ALL
+ bool "enable SLS vulnerability hardening"
+ depends on $(cc-option,-mharden-sls=all)
+ help
+ Enables straight-line speculation vulnerability hardening. This inserts
+ speculation barrier instruction sequences after certain unconditional jumps
+ to prevent speculative execution past those barriers.
+
config GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK_VERBOSE
bool "Report forcefully initialized variables"
depends on GCC_PLUGIN_STRUCTLEAK
--
2.30.0.617.g56c4b15f3c-goog
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