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SubjectRe: [PATCH] memcg: charge before adding to swapcache on swapin
On Fri, Feb 19, 2021 at 4:34 PM Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> wrote:
>
> On Fri, Feb 19, 2021 at 02:44:05PM -0800, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> > Currently the kernel adds the page, allocated for swapin, to the
> > swapcache before charging the page. This is fine but now we want a
> > per-memcg swapcache stat which is essential for folks who wants to
> > transparently migrate from cgroup v1's memsw to cgroup v2's memory and
> > swap counters.
> >
> > To correctly maintain the per-memcg swapcache stat, one option which
> > this patch has adopted is to charge the page before adding it to
> > swapcache. One challenge in this option is the failure case of
> > add_to_swap_cache() on which we need to undo the mem_cgroup_charge().
> > Specifically undoing mem_cgroup_uncharge_swap() is not simple.
> >
> > This patch circumvent this specific issue by removing the failure path
> > of add_to_swap_cache() by providing __GFP_NOFAIL. Please note that in
> > this specific situation ENOMEM was the only possible failure of
> > add_to_swap_cache() which is removed by using __GFP_NOFAIL.
> >
> > Another option was to use __mod_memcg_lruvec_state(NR_SWAPCACHE) in
> > mem_cgroup_charge() but then we need to take of the do_swap_page() case
> > where synchronous swap devices bypass the swapcache. The do_swap_page()
> > already does hackery to set and reset PageSwapCache bit to make
> > mem_cgroup_charge() execute the swap accounting code and then we would
> > need to add additional parameter to tell to not touch NR_SWAPCACHE stat
> > as that code patch bypass swapcache.
> >
> > This patch added memcg charging API explicitly foe swapin pages and
> > cleaned up do_swap_page() to not set and reset PageSwapCache bit.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
>
> The patch makes sense to me. While it extends the charge interface, I
> actually quite like that it charges the page earlier - before putting
> it into wider circulation. It's a step in the right direction.
>
> But IMO the semantics of mem_cgroup_charge_swapin_page() are a bit too
> fickle: the __GFP_NOFAIL in add_to_swap_cache() works around it, but
> having a must-not-fail-after-this line makes the code tricky to work
> on and error prone.
>
> It would be nicer to do a proper transaction sequence.
>
> > @@ -497,16 +497,15 @@ struct page *__read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
> > __SetPageLocked(page);
> > __SetPageSwapBacked(page);
> >
> > - /* May fail (-ENOMEM) if XArray node allocation failed. */
> > - if (add_to_swap_cache(page, entry, gfp_mask & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, &shadow)) {
> > - put_swap_page(page, entry);
> > + if (mem_cgroup_charge_swapin_page(page, NULL, gfp_mask, entry))
> > goto fail_unlock;
> > - }
> >
> > - if (mem_cgroup_charge(page, NULL, gfp_mask)) {
> > - delete_from_swap_cache(page);
> > - goto fail_unlock;
> > - }
> > + /*
> > + * Use __GFP_NOFAIL to not worry about undoing the changes done by
> > + * mem_cgroup_charge_swapin_page() on failure of add_to_swap_cache().
> > + */
> > + add_to_swap_cache(page, entry,
> > + (gfp_mask|__GFP_NOFAIL) & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK, &shadow);
>
> How about:
>
> mem_cgroup_charge_swapin_page()
> add_to_swap_cache()
> mem_cgroup_finish_swapin_page()
>
> where finish_swapin_page() only uncharges the swap entry (on cgroup1)
> once the swap->memory transition is complete?
>
> Otherwise the patch looks good to me.

Thanks for the review and yes this makes the code much more clear and
maintainable.

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