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Subject[PATCH v5 3/3] vsprintf: dump full information of page flags in pGp
Date
Currently the pGp only shows the names of page flags, rather than
the full information including section, node, zone, last cpupid and
kasan tag. While it is not easy to parse these information manually
because there're so many flavors. Let's interpret them in pGp as well.

To be compitable with the existed format of pGp, the new introduced ones
also use '|' as the separator, then the user tools parsing pGp won't
need to make change, suggested by Matthew. The new information is
tracked onto the end of the existed one.

One example of the output in mm/slub.c as follows,
- Before the patch,
[ 6343.396602] Slab 0x000000004382e02b objects=33 used=3 fp=0x000000009ae06ffc flags=0x17ffffc0010200(slab|head)

- After the patch,
[ 8448.272530] Slab 0x0000000090797883 objects=33 used=3 fp=0x00000000790f1c26 flags=0x17ffffc0010200(slab|head|node=0|zone=2|lastcpupid=0x1fffff)

The documentation and test cases are also updated. The output of the
test cases as follows,
[11585.830272] test_printf: loaded.
[11585.830454] test_printf: all 388 tests passed
[11585.831401] test_printf: unloaded.

Signed-off-by: Yafang Shao <laoar.shao@gmail.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>
---
Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst | 2 +-
lib/test_printf.c | 60 +++++++++++++++++----
lib/vsprintf.c | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++--
3 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst b/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst
index 160e710d992f..00d07c7eefd4 100644
--- a/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst
+++ b/Documentation/core-api/printk-formats.rst
@@ -540,7 +540,7 @@ Flags bitfields such as page flags, gfp_flags

::

- %pGp referenced|uptodate|lru|active|private
+ %pGp referenced|uptodate|lru|active|private|node=0|zone=2|lastcpupid=0x1fffff
%pGg GFP_USER|GFP_DMA32|GFP_NOWARN
%pGv read|exec|mayread|maywrite|mayexec|denywrite

diff --git a/lib/test_printf.c b/lib/test_printf.c
index 7ac87f18a10f..148773dfe97a 100644
--- a/lib/test_printf.c
+++ b/lib/test_printf.c
@@ -569,24 +569,68 @@ netdev_features(void)
{
}

+static void __init
+page_flags_test(int section, int node, int zone, int last_cpupid,
+ int kasan_tag, int flags, const char *name, char *cmp_buf)
+{
+ unsigned long page_flags = 0;
+ unsigned long size = 0;
+
+ flags &= BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1;
+ if (flags) {
+ page_flags |= flags;
+ snprintf(cmp_buf + size, BUF_SIZE - size, "%s|", name);
+ size = strlen(cmp_buf);
+ }
+
+#ifdef SECTION_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
+ page_flags |= (sec & SECTIONS_MASK) << SECTIONS_PGSHIFT;
+ snprintf(cmp_buf + size, BUF_SIZE - size, "section=%#x|", sec);
+ size = strlen(cmp_buf);
+#endif
+
+ page_flags |= ((node & NODES_MASK) << NODES_PGSHIFT) |
+ ((zone & ZONES_MASK) << ZONES_PGSHIFT);
+ snprintf(cmp_buf + size, BUF_SIZE - size, "node=%d|zone=%d", node, zone);
+ size = strlen(cmp_buf);
+
+#ifndef LAST_CPUPID_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
+ page_flags |= (last_cpupid & LAST_CPUPID_MASK) << LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT;
+ snprintf(cmp_buf + size, BUF_SIZE - size, "|lastcpupid=%#x", last_cpupid);
+ size = strlen(cmp_buf);
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS) || defined(CONFIG_KASAN_HW_TAGS)
+ page_flags |= (tag & KASAN_TAG_MASK) << KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT;
+ snprintf(cmp_buf + size, BUF_SIZE - size, "|kasantag=%#x", tag);
+ size = strlen(cmp_buf);
+#endif
+
+ test(cmp_buf, "%pGp", &page_flags);
+}
+
static void __init
flags(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
- gfp_t gfp;
char *cmp_buffer;
+ gfp_t gfp;
+
+ cmp_buffer = kmalloc(BUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!cmp_buffer)
+ return;

flags = 0;
- test("", "%pGp", &flags);
+ page_flags_test(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, flags, "", cmp_buffer);

- /* Page flags should filter the zone id */
flags = 1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS;
- test("", "%pGp", &flags);
+ page_flags_test(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, flags, "", cmp_buffer);

flags |= 1UL << PG_uptodate | 1UL << PG_dirty | 1UL << PG_lru
| 1UL << PG_active | 1UL << PG_swapbacked;
- test("uptodate|dirty|lru|active|swapbacked", "%pGp", &flags);
-
+ page_flags_test(1, 1, 1, 0x1fffff, 1, flags,
+ "uptodate|dirty|lru|active|swapbacked",
+ cmp_buffer);

flags = VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC
| VM_DENYWRITE;
@@ -601,10 +645,6 @@ flags(void)
gfp = __GFP_ATOMIC;
test("__GFP_ATOMIC", "%pGg", &gfp);

- cmp_buffer = kmalloc(BUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!cmp_buffer)
- return;
-
/* Any flags not translated by the table should remain numeric */
gfp = ~__GFP_BITS_MASK;
snprintf(cmp_buffer, BUF_SIZE, "%#lx", (unsigned long) gfp);
diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
index 3b53c73580c5..0dc776f7dfa4 100644
--- a/lib/vsprintf.c
+++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
@@ -1916,6 +1916,66 @@ char *format_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags,
return buf;
}

+struct page_flags_fields {
+ int width;
+ int shift;
+ int mask;
+ const struct printf_spec *spec;
+ const char *name;
+};
+
+static const struct page_flags_fields pff[] = {
+ {SECTIONS_WIDTH, SECTIONS_PGSHIFT, SECTIONS_MASK,
+ &default_dec_spec, "section"},
+ {NODES_WIDTH, NODES_PGSHIFT, NODES_MASK,
+ &default_dec_spec, "node"},
+ {ZONES_WIDTH, ZONES_PGSHIFT, ZONES_MASK,
+ &default_dec_spec, "zone"},
+ {LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH, LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT, LAST_CPUPID_MASK,
+ &default_flag_spec, "lastcpupid"},
+ {KASAN_TAG_WIDTH, KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT, KASAN_TAG_MASK,
+ &default_flag_spec, "kasantag"},
+};
+
+static
+char *format_page_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags)
+{
+ unsigned long main_flags = flags & (BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1);
+ bool append = false;
+ int i;
+
+ /* Page flags from the main area. */
+ if (main_flags) {
+ buf = format_flags(buf, end, main_flags, pageflag_names);
+ append = true;
+ }
+
+ /* Page flags from the fields area */
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pff); i++) {
+ /* Skip undefined fields. */
+ if (!pff[i].width)
+ continue;
+
+ /* Format: Flag Name + '=' (equals sign) + Number + '|' (separator) */
+ if (append) {
+ if (buf < end)
+ *buf = '|';
+ buf++;
+ }
+
+ buf = string(buf, end, pff[i].name, *pff[i].spec);
+ if (buf < end)
+ *buf = '=';
+ buf++;
+ buf = number(buf, end, (flags >> pff[i].shift) & pff[i].mask,
+ *pff[i].spec);
+
+ append = true;
+ }
+
+ return buf;
+}
+
static noinline_for_stack
char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
@@ -1928,11 +1988,7 @@ char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,

switch (fmt[1]) {
case 'p':
- flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
- /* Remove zone id */
- flags &= (1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1;
- names = pageflag_names;
- break;
+ return format_page_flags(buf, end, *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr);
case 'v':
flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
names = vmaflag_names;
--
2.18.2
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