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Subject[PATCH v5 0/2] System Generation ID driver and VMGENID backend
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This feature is aimed at virtualized or containerized environments
where VM or container snapshotting duplicates memory state, which is a
challenge for applications that want to generate unique data such as
request IDs, UUIDs, and cryptographic nonces.

The patch set introduces a mechanism that provides a userspace
interface for applications and libraries to be made aware of uniqueness
breaking events such as VM or container snapshotting, and allow them to
react and adapt to such events.

Solving the uniqueness problem strongly enough for cryptographic
purposes requires a mechanism which can deterministically reseed
userspace PRNGs with new entropy at restore time. This mechanism must
also support the high-throughput and low-latency use-cases that led
programmers to pick a userspace PRNG in the first place; be usable by
both application code and libraries; allow transparent retrofitting
behind existing popular PRNG interfaces without changing application
code; it must be efficient, especially on snapshot restore; and be
simple enough for wide adoption.

The first patch in the set implements a device driver which exposes a
read-only device /dev/sysgenid to userspace, which contains a
monotonically increasing u32 generation counter. Libraries and
applications are expected to open() the device, and then call read()
which blocks until the SysGenId changes. Following an update, read()
calls no longer block until the application acknowledges the new
SysGenId by write()ing it back to the device. Non-blocking read() calls
return EAGAIN when there is no new SysGenId available. Alternatively,
libraries can mmap() the device to get a single shared page which
contains the latest SysGenId at offset 0.

SysGenId also supports a waiting mechanism exposed through a IOCTL on
the device. The SYSGENID_WAIT_WATCHERS IOCTL blocks until there are no
open file handles on the device which haven’t acknowledged the new id.
This waiting mechanism is intended for serverless and container control
planes, which want to confirm that all application code has detected
and reacted to the new SysGenId before sending an invoke to the
newly-restored sandbox.

The second patch in the set adds a VmGenId driver which makes use of
the ACPI vmgenid device to drive SysGenId and to reseed kernel entropy
on VM snapshots.

---

v4 -> v5:

- sysgenid: generation changes are also exported through uevents
- remove SYSGENID_GET_OUTDATED_WATCHERS ioctl
- document sysgenid ioctl major/minor numbers
- rebase on linus latest + various nits

v3 -> v4:

- split functionality in two separate kernel modules:
1. drivers/misc/sysgenid.c which provides the generic userspace
interface and mechanisms
2. drivers/virt/vmgenid.c as VMGENID acpi device driver that seeds
kernel entropy and acts as a driving backend for the generic
sysgenid
- renamed /dev/vmgenid -> /dev/sysgenid
- renamed uapi header file vmgenid.h -> sysgenid.h
- renamed ioctls VMGENID_* -> SYSGENID_*
- added ‘min_gen’ parameter to SYSGENID_FORCE_GEN_UPDATE ioctl
- fixed races in documentation examples
- various style nits
- rebased on top of linus latest

v2 -> v3:

- separate the core driver logic and interface, from the ACPI device.
The ACPI vmgenid device is now one possible backend.
- fix issue when timeout=0 in VMGENID_WAIT_WATCHERS
- add locking to avoid races between fs ops handlers and hw irq
driven generation updates
- change VMGENID_WAIT_WATCHERS ioctl so if the current caller is
outdated or a generation change happens while waiting (thus making
current caller outdated), the ioctl returns -EINTR to signal the
user to handle event and retry. Fixes blocking on oneself.
- add VMGENID_FORCE_GEN_UPDATE ioctl conditioned by
CAP_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE capability, through which software can force
generation bump.

v1 -> v2:

- expose to userspace a monotonically increasing u32 Vm Gen Counter
instead of the hw VmGen UUID
- since the hw/hypervisor-provided 128-bit UUID is not public
anymore, add it to the kernel RNG as device randomness
- insert driver page containing Vm Gen Counter in the user vma in
the driver's mmap handler instead of using a fault handler
- turn driver into a misc device driver to auto-create /dev/vmgenid
- change ioctl arg to avoid leaking kernel structs to userspace
- update documentation
- various nits
- rebase on top of linus latest

Adrian Catangiu (2):
drivers/misc: sysgenid: add system generation id driver
drivers/virt: vmgenid: add vm generation id driver

Documentation/misc-devices/sysgenid.rst | 236 ++++++++++++++++
Documentation/userspace-api/ioctl/ioctl-number.rst | 1 +
Documentation/virt/vmgenid.rst | 34 +++
MAINTAINERS | 15 +
drivers/misc/Kconfig | 16 ++
drivers/misc/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/misc/sysgenid.c | 307 +++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/virt/Kconfig | 14 +
drivers/virt/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/virt/vmgenid.c | 153 ++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/sysgenid.h | 17 ++
11 files changed, 795 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/misc-devices/sysgenid.rst
create mode 100644 Documentation/virt/vmgenid.rst
create mode 100644 drivers/misc/sysgenid.c
create mode 100644 drivers/virt/vmgenid.c
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/sysgenid.h

--
2.7.4




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