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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 2/8] dax: Introduce holder for dax_device
On Fri, Sep 24, 2021 at 09:09:53PM +0800, Shiyang Ruan wrote:
> To easily track filesystem from a pmem device, we introduce a holder for
> dax_device structure, and also its operation. This holder is used to
> remember who is using this dax_device:
> - When it is the backend of a filesystem, the holder will be the
> superblock of this filesystem.
> - When this pmem device is one of the targets in a mapped device, the
> holder will be this mapped device. In this case, the mapped device
> has its own dax_device and it will follow the first rule. So that we
> can finally track to the filesystem we needed.
>
> The holder and holder_ops will be set when filesystem is being mounted,
> or an target device is being activated.
>
> Signed-off-by: Shiyang Ruan <ruansy.fnst@fujitsu.com>
> ---
> drivers/dax/super.c | 59 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/dax.h | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 88 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/dax/super.c b/drivers/dax/super.c
> index 48ce86501d93..7d4a11dcba90 100644
> --- a/drivers/dax/super.c
> +++ b/drivers/dax/super.c
> @@ -23,7 +23,10 @@
> * @cdev: optional character interface for "device dax"
> * @host: optional name for lookups where the device path is not available
> * @private: dax driver private data
> + * @holder_data: holder of a dax_device: could be filesystem or mapped device
> * @flags: state and boolean properties
> + * @ops: operations for dax_device
> + * @holder_ops: operations for the inner holder
> */
> struct dax_device {
> struct hlist_node list;
> @@ -31,8 +34,10 @@ struct dax_device {
> struct cdev cdev;
> const char *host;
> void *private;
> + void *holder_data;
> unsigned long flags;
> const struct dax_operations *ops;
> + const struct dax_holder_operations *holder_ops;
> };
>
> static dev_t dax_devt;
> @@ -374,6 +379,29 @@ int dax_zero_page_range(struct dax_device *dax_dev, pgoff_t pgoff,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_zero_page_range);
>
> +int dax_holder_notify_failure(struct dax_device *dax_dev, loff_t offset,
> + size_t size, int flags)
> +{
> + int rc;
> +
> + dax_read_lock();
> + if (!dax_alive(dax_dev)) {
> + rc = -ENXIO;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + if (!dax_dev->holder_data) {
> + rc = -EOPNOTSUPP;
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + rc = dax_dev->holder_ops->notify_failure(dax_dev, offset, size, flags);

Shouldn't this check if dax_dev->holder_ops != NULL before dereferencing
it for the function call? Imagine an implementation that wants to
attach a ->notify_failure function to a dax_device, maintains its own
lookup table, and decides that it doesn't need to set holder_data.

(Or, imagine someone who writes a garbage into holder_data and *boom*)

How does the locking work here? If there's a media failure, we'll take
dax_rwsem and call ->notify_failure. If the ->notify_failure function
wants to access the pmem to handle the error by calling back into the
dax code, will that cause nested locking on dax_rwsem?

Jumping ahead a bit, I think the rmap btree accesses that the xfs
implementation performs can cause xfs_buf(fer) cache IO, which would
trigger that if the buffers aren't already in memory, if I'm reading
this correctly?

> +out:
> + dax_read_unlock();
> + return rc;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_holder_notify_failure);
> +
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_PMEM_API
> void arch_wb_cache_pmem(void *addr, size_t size);
> void dax_flush(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *addr, size_t size)
> @@ -618,6 +646,37 @@ void put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_dax);
>
> +void dax_set_holder(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *holder,
> + const struct dax_holder_operations *ops)
> +{
> + dax_write_lock();
> + if (!dax_alive(dax_dev)) {
> + dax_write_unlock();
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + dax_dev->holder_data = holder;
> + dax_dev->holder_ops = ops;
> + dax_write_unlock();

I guess this means that the holder has to detach itself before anyone
calls kill_dax, or else a dead dax device ends up with a dangling
reference to the holder?

> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_set_holder);
> +
> +void *dax_get_holder(struct dax_device *dax_dev)
> +{
> + void *holder;
> +
> + dax_read_lock();
> + if (!dax_alive(dax_dev)) {
> + dax_read_unlock();
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + holder = dax_dev->holder_data;
> + dax_read_unlock();
> + return holder;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dax_get_holder);
> +
> /**
> * inode_dax: convert a public inode into its dax_dev
> * @inode: An inode with i_cdev pointing to a dax_dev
> diff --git a/include/linux/dax.h b/include/linux/dax.h
> index 097b3304f9b9..d273d59723cd 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dax.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dax.h
> @@ -38,9 +38,24 @@ struct dax_operations {
> int (*zero_page_range)(struct dax_device *, pgoff_t, size_t);
> };
>
> +struct dax_holder_operations {
> + /*
> + * notify_failure - notify memory failure into inner holder device
> + * @dax_dev: the dax device which contains the holder
> + * @offset: offset on this dax device where memory failure occurs
> + * @size: length of this memory failure event
> + * @flags: action flags for memory failure handler
> + */
> + int (*notify_failure)(struct dax_device *dax_dev, loff_t offset,
> + size_t size, int flags);

Shouldn't size be u64 or something? Let's say that 8GB of your pmem go
bad, wouldn't you want a single call? Though I guess the current
implementation only goes a single page at a time, doesn't it?

> +};
> +
> extern struct attribute_group dax_attribute_group;
>
> #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DAX)
> +void dax_set_holder(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *holder,
> + const struct dax_holder_operations *ops);
> +void *dax_get_holder(struct dax_device *dax_dev);
> struct dax_device *alloc_dax(void *private, const char *host,
> const struct dax_operations *ops, unsigned long flags);
> void put_dax(struct dax_device *dax_dev);
> @@ -70,6 +85,18 @@ static inline bool daxdev_mapping_supported(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> return dax_synchronous(dax_dev);
> }
> #else
> +static inline struct dax_device *dax_get_by_host(const char *host)

Not sure why this is being added here? AFAICT none of the patches call
this function...?

--D

> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +static inline void dax_set_holder(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *holder,
> + const struct dax_holder_operations *ops)
> +{
> +}
> +static inline void *dax_get_holder(struct dax_device *dax_dev)
> +{
> + return NULL;
> +}
> static inline struct dax_device *alloc_dax(void *private, const char *host,
> const struct dax_operations *ops, unsigned long flags)
> {
> @@ -198,6 +225,8 @@ size_t dax_copy_to_iter(struct dax_device *dax_dev, pgoff_t pgoff, void *addr,
> size_t bytes, struct iov_iter *i);
> int dax_zero_page_range(struct dax_device *dax_dev, pgoff_t pgoff,
> size_t nr_pages);
> +int dax_holder_notify_failure(struct dax_device *dax_dev, loff_t offset,
> + size_t size, int flags);
> void dax_flush(struct dax_device *dax_dev, void *addr, size_t size);
>
> ssize_t dax_iomap_rw(struct kiocb *iocb, struct iov_iter *iter,
> --
> 2.33.0
>
>
>

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