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Subject[tip: sched/core] kernel/sched: Fix sched_fork() access an invalid sched_task_group
The following commit has been merged into the sched/core branch of tip:

Commit-ID: 4ef0c5c6b5ba1f38f0ea1cedad0cad722f00c14a
Gitweb: https://git.kernel.org/tip/4ef0c5c6b5ba1f38f0ea1cedad0cad722f00c14a
Author: Zhang Qiao <zhangqiao22@huawei.com>
AuthorDate: Wed, 15 Sep 2021 14:40:30 +08:00
Committer: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
CommitterDate: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 13:09:58 +02:00

kernel/sched: Fix sched_fork() access an invalid sched_task_group

There is a small race between copy_process() and sched_fork()
where child->sched_task_group point to an already freed pointer.

parent doing fork() | someone moving the parent
| to another cgroup
-------------------------------+-------------------------------
copy_process()
+ dup_task_struct()<1>
parent move to another cgroup,
and free the old cgroup. <2>
+ sched_fork()
+ __set_task_cpu()<3>
+ task_fork_fair()
+ sched_slice()<4>

In the worst case, this bug can lead to "use-after-free" and
cause panic as shown above:

(1) parent copy its sched_task_group to child at <1>;

(2) someone move the parent to another cgroup and free the old
cgroup at <2>;

(3) the sched_task_group and cfs_rq that belong to the old cgroup
will be accessed at <3> and <4>, which cause a panic:

[] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000000
[] PGD 8000001fa0a86067 P4D 8000001fa0a86067 PUD 2029955067 PMD 0
[] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
[] CPU: 7 PID: 648398 Comm: ebizzy Kdump: loaded Tainted: G OE --------- - - 4.18.0.x86_64+ #1
[] RIP: 0010:sched_slice+0x84/0xc0

[] Call Trace:
[] task_fork_fair+0x81/0x120
[] sched_fork+0x132/0x240
[] copy_process.part.5+0x675/0x20e0
[] ? __handle_mm_fault+0x63f/0x690
[] _do_fork+0xcd/0x3b0
[] do_syscall_64+0x5d/0x1d0
[] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x65/0xca
[] RIP: 0033:0x7f04418cd7e1

Between cgroup_can_fork() and cgroup_post_fork(), the cgroup
membership and thus sched_task_group can't change. So update child's
sched_task_group at sched_post_fork() and move task_fork() and
__set_task_cpu() (where accees the sched_task_group) from sched_fork()
to sched_post_fork().

Fixes: 8323f26ce342 ("sched: Fix race in task_group")
Signed-off-by: Zhang Qiao <zhangqiao22@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210915064030.2231-1-zhangqiao22@huawei.com
---
include/linux/sched/task.h | 3 ++-
kernel/fork.c | 2 +-
kernel/sched/core.c | 43 ++++++++++++++++++-------------------
3 files changed, 25 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/sched/task.h b/include/linux/sched/task.h
index ef02be8..ba88a69 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/task.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/task.h
@@ -54,7 +54,8 @@ extern asmlinkage void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev);
extern void init_idle(struct task_struct *idle, int cpu);

extern int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p);
-extern void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p);
+extern void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p,
+ struct kernel_clone_args *kargs);
extern void sched_dead(struct task_struct *p);

void __noreturn do_task_dead(void);
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 38681ad..0e4251d 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -2405,7 +2405,7 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);

proc_fork_connector(p);
- sched_post_fork(p);
+ sched_post_fork(p, args);
cgroup_post_fork(p, args);
perf_event_fork(p);

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 3b55ef9..935c2da 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -4343,8 +4343,6 @@ int sysctl_schedstats(struct ctl_table *table, int write, void *buffer,
*/
int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
{
- unsigned long flags;
-
__sched_fork(clone_flags, p);
/*
* We mark the process as NEW here. This guarantees that
@@ -4390,24 +4388,6 @@ int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)

init_entity_runnable_average(&p->se);

- /*
- * The child is not yet in the pid-hash so no cgroup attach races,
- * and the cgroup is pinned to this child due to cgroup_fork()
- * is ran before sched_fork().
- *
- * Silence PROVE_RCU.
- */
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
- rseq_migrate(p);
- /*
- * We're setting the CPU for the first time, we don't migrate,
- * so use __set_task_cpu().
- */
- __set_task_cpu(p, smp_processor_id());
- if (p->sched_class->task_fork)
- p->sched_class->task_fork(p);
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
-
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO
if (likely(sched_info_on()))
memset(&p->sched_info, 0, sizeof(p->sched_info));
@@ -4423,8 +4403,29 @@ int sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
return 0;
}

-void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p)
+void sched_post_fork(struct task_struct *p, struct kernel_clone_args *kargs)
{
+ unsigned long flags;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
+ struct task_group *tg;
+#endif
+
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
+#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
+ tg = container_of(kargs->cset->subsys[cpu_cgrp_id],
+ struct task_group, css);
+ p->sched_task_group = autogroup_task_group(p, tg);
+#endif
+ rseq_migrate(p);
+ /*
+ * We're setting the CPU for the first time, we don't migrate,
+ * so use __set_task_cpu().
+ */
+ __set_task_cpu(p, smp_processor_id());
+ if (p->sched_class->task_fork)
+ p->sched_class->task_fork(p);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
+
uclamp_post_fork(p);
}

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