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Subject[PATCH v2 1/2] memcg: flush stats only if updated
From
At the moment, the kernel flushes the memcg stats on every refault and
also on every reclaim iteration. Although rstat maintains per-cpu update
tree but on the flush the kernel still has to go through all the cpu rstat
update tree to check if there is anything to flush. This patch adds the
tracking on the stats update side to make flush side more clever by
skipping the flush if there is no update.

The stats update codepath is very sensitive performance wise for many
workloads and benchmarks. So, we can not follow what the commit
aa48e47e3906 ("memcg: infrastructure to flush memcg stats") did which was
triggering async flush through queue_work() and caused a lot performance
regression reports. That got reverted by the commit 1f828223b799 ("memcg:
flush lruvec stats in the refault").

In this patch we kept the stats update codepath very minimal and let the
stats reader side to flush the stats only when the updates are over a
specific threshold. For now the threshold is (nr_cpus * CHARGE_BATCH).

To evaluate the impact of this patch, an 8 GiB tmpfs file is created on a
system with swap-on-zram and the file was pushed to swap through
memory.force_empty interface. On reading the whole file, the memcg stat
flush in the refault code path is triggered. With this patch, we observed
63% reduction in the read time of 8 GiB file.

Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: "Michal Koutný" <mkoutny@suse.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
---
Changelog since v1:
- Moved code and comment added as suggested by Johannes Weiner

mm/memcontrol.c | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
1 file changed, 55 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 7c9d5703700e..25f55636ca37 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -103,11 +103,6 @@ static bool do_memsw_account(void)
return !cgroup_subsys_on_dfl(memory_cgrp_subsys) && !cgroup_memory_noswap;
}

-/* memcg and lruvec stats flushing */
-static void flush_memcg_stats_dwork(struct work_struct *w);
-static DECLARE_DEFERRABLE_WORK(stats_flush_dwork, flush_memcg_stats_dwork);
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(stats_flush_lock);
-
#define THRESHOLDS_EVENTS_TARGET 128
#define SOFTLIMIT_EVENTS_TARGET 1024

@@ -613,6 +608,56 @@ mem_cgroup_largest_soft_limit_node(struct mem_cgroup_tree_per_node *mctz)
return mz;
}

+/*
+ * memcg and lruvec stats flushing
+ *
+ * Many codepaths leading to stats update or read are performance sensitive and
+ * adding stats flushing in such codepaths is not desirable. So, to optimize the
+ * flushing the kernel does:
+ *
+ * 1) Periodically and asynchronously flush the stats every 2 seconds to not let
+ * rstat update tree grow unbounded.
+ *
+ * 2) Flush the stats synchronously on reader side only when there are more than
+ * (MEMCG_CHARGE_BATCH * nr_cpus) update events. Though this optimization
+ * will let stats be out of sync by atmost (MEMCG_CHARGE_BATCH * nr_cpus) but
+ * only for 2 seconds due to (1).
+ */
+static void flush_memcg_stats_dwork(struct work_struct *w);
+static DECLARE_DEFERRABLE_WORK(stats_flush_dwork, flush_memcg_stats_dwork);
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(stats_flush_lock);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, stats_updates);
+static atomic_t stats_flush_threshold = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
+
+static inline void memcg_rstat_updated(struct mem_cgroup *memcg)
+{
+ cgroup_rstat_updated(memcg->css.cgroup, smp_processor_id());
+ if (!(__this_cpu_inc_return(stats_updates) % MEMCG_CHARGE_BATCH))
+ atomic_inc(&stats_flush_threshold);
+}
+
+static void __mem_cgroup_flush_stats(void)
+{
+ if (!spin_trylock(&stats_flush_lock))
+ return;
+
+ cgroup_rstat_flush_irqsafe(root_mem_cgroup->css.cgroup);
+ atomic_set(&stats_flush_threshold, 0);
+ spin_unlock(&stats_flush_lock);
+}
+
+void mem_cgroup_flush_stats(void)
+{
+ if (atomic_read(&stats_flush_threshold) > num_online_cpus())
+ __mem_cgroup_flush_stats();
+}
+
+static void flush_memcg_stats_dwork(struct work_struct *w)
+{
+ mem_cgroup_flush_stats();
+ queue_delayed_work(system_unbound_wq, &stats_flush_dwork, 2UL*HZ);
+}
+
/**
* __mod_memcg_state - update cgroup memory statistics
* @memcg: the memory cgroup
@@ -625,7 +670,7 @@ void __mod_memcg_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int idx, int val)
return;

__this_cpu_add(memcg->vmstats_percpu->state[idx], val);
- cgroup_rstat_updated(memcg->css.cgroup, smp_processor_id());
+ memcg_rstat_updated(memcg);
}

/* idx can be of type enum memcg_stat_item or node_stat_item. */
@@ -653,10 +698,12 @@ void __mod_memcg_lruvec_state(struct lruvec *lruvec, enum node_stat_item idx,
memcg = pn->memcg;

/* Update memcg */
- __mod_memcg_state(memcg, idx, val);
+ __this_cpu_add(memcg->vmstats_percpu->state[idx], val);

/* Update lruvec */
__this_cpu_add(pn->lruvec_stats_percpu->state[idx], val);
+
+ memcg_rstat_updated(memcg);
}

/**
@@ -758,7 +805,7 @@ void __count_memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, enum vm_event_item idx,
return;

__this_cpu_add(memcg->vmstats_percpu->events[idx], count);
- cgroup_rstat_updated(memcg->css.cgroup, smp_processor_id());
+ memcg_rstat_updated(memcg);
}

static unsigned long memcg_events(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int event)
@@ -5342,21 +5389,6 @@ static void mem_cgroup_css_reset(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
memcg_wb_domain_size_changed(memcg);
}

-void mem_cgroup_flush_stats(void)
-{
- if (!spin_trylock(&stats_flush_lock))
- return;
-
- cgroup_rstat_flush_irqsafe(root_mem_cgroup->css.cgroup);
- spin_unlock(&stats_flush_lock);
-}
-
-static void flush_memcg_stats_dwork(struct work_struct *w)
-{
- mem_cgroup_flush_stats();
- queue_delayed_work(system_unbound_wq, &stats_flush_dwork, 2UL*HZ);
-}
-
static void mem_cgroup_css_rstat_flush(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css, int cpu)
{
struct mem_cgroup *memcg = mem_cgroup_from_css(css);
--
2.33.0.800.g4c38ced690-goog
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