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SubjectRe: lockdep null-ptr-deref
On Wed, Sep 30, 2020 at 11:49:37AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 30, 2020 at 11:16:11AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > On Wed, Sep 30, 2020 at 07:08:23AM +0800, Boqun Feng wrote:
> > > I think there are two problems here:
> > >
> > > 1) the "(null)" means we don't have the "usage_str" for a usage bit,
> > > which I think is the LOCK_USED_READ bit introduced by Peter at
> > > 23870f122768 ('locking/lockdep: Fix "USED" <- "IN-NMI" inversions').
> > >
> > > 2) the next null-ptr-deref, and I think this is also caused by
> > > LOCK_USED_READ bit, because in the loop inside
> > > print_lock_class_header(), we iterate from 0 to LOCK_USAGE_STATES (which
> > > is 4*2 + 3), however the class->usage_traces[] only has
> > > XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES (which is 4*2 + 1) elements, so if we have
> > > LOCK_USED_READ bit set in ->usage_mask, we will try to access an element
> > > out of the ->usage_traces[] array.
> > >
> > > Probably the following helps? And another possible fix is to enlarge the
> > > ->usage_trace[] array and record the call trace of LOCK_READ_USED.
> >
> > Urgh.. yeah, I wanted to avoid saving that trace; it's pretty useless :/
> > The existing USED trace is already mostly pointless, the consistent
> > thing would be to remove both but that might be too radical.
> >
> > But you're right in that I made a right mess of it. Not sure what's
> > best here.
> >
> > Let me have a play.
>
> How's something like this? It's bigger than I'd like, but I feel the
> result is more consistent/readable.
>

Looks good to me.

For one thing, I do think that LOCK_READ_USED trace is helpful for
better reporting, because if there is a read lock in the dependency path
which causes the deadlock, it's better to have the LOCK_READ_USED trace
to know at least the initial READ usage. For example, if we have

void f1(...)
{
write_lock(&A);
spin_lock(&C);
// A -> C
...
}

void g(...)
{
read_lock(&A);
...
}
void f2(...)
{
spin_lock(&B);
g(...);
// B -> A
}

void f3(...) {
spin_lock(&C);
spin_lock(&B);
// C -> B, trigger lockdep splat
}

when lockdep reports the deadlock (at the time f3() is called), it will
be useful if we have a trace like:

INITIAL READ usage at:
g+0x.../0x...
f2+0x.../0x...

Thoughts?

Regards,
Boqun

> ---
> diff --git a/include/linux/lockdep_types.h b/include/linux/lockdep_types.h
> index bb35b449f533..a55b1d314ae8 100644
> --- a/include/linux/lockdep_types.h
> +++ b/include/linux/lockdep_types.h
> @@ -35,8 +35,12 @@ enum lockdep_wait_type {
> /*
> * We'd rather not expose kernel/lockdep_states.h this wide, but we do need
> * the total number of states... :-(
> + *
> + * XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES is the number of lines in lockdep_states.h, for each
> + * of those we generates 4 states, Additionally we (for now) report on USED.
> */
> -#define XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES (1+2*4)
> +#define XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES 2
> +#define LOCK_TRACE_STATES (XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES*4 + 1)
>
> /*
> * NR_LOCKDEP_CACHING_CLASSES ... Number of classes
> @@ -106,7 +110,7 @@ struct lock_class {
> * IRQ/softirq usage tracking bits:
> */
> unsigned long usage_mask;
> - const struct lock_trace *usage_traces[XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES];
> + const struct lock_trace *usage_traces[LOCK_TRACE_STATES];
>
> /*
> * Generation counter, when doing certain classes of graph walking,
> diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
> index 454355c033d2..4f98ac8b4575 100644
> --- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
> +++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
> @@ -600,6 +600,8 @@ static const char *usage_str[] =
> #include "lockdep_states.h"
> #undef LOCKDEP_STATE
> [LOCK_USED] = "INITIAL USE",
> + [LOCK_USED_READ] = "INITIAL READ USE",
> + /* abused as string storage for verify_lock_unused() */
> [LOCK_USAGE_STATES] = "IN-NMI",
> };
> #endif
> @@ -2231,7 +2233,7 @@ static void print_lock_class_header(struct lock_class *class, int depth)
> #endif
> printk(KERN_CONT " {\n");
>
> - for (bit = 0; bit < LOCK_USAGE_STATES; bit++) {
> + for (bit = 0; bit < LOCK_TRACE_STATES; bit++) {
> if (class->usage_mask & (1 << bit)) {
> int len = depth;
>
> @@ -4354,27 +4356,24 @@ static int mark_lock(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *this,
> old_mask = hlock_class(this)->usage_mask;
> hlock_class(this)->usage_mask |= new_mask;
>
> - /*
> - * Save one usage_traces[] entry and map both LOCK_USED and
> - * LOCK_USED_READ onto the same entry.
> - */
> - if (new_bit == LOCK_USED || new_bit == LOCK_USED_READ) {
> - if (old_mask & (LOCKF_USED | LOCKF_USED_READ))
> - goto unlock;
> - new_bit = LOCK_USED;
> + if (new_bit < LOCK_TRACE_STATES) {
> + if (!(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[new_bit] = save_trace()))
> + return 0;
> }
>
> - if (!(hlock_class(this)->usage_traces[new_bit] = save_trace()))
> - return 0;
> -
> switch (new_bit) {
> + case 0 ... LOCK_USED-1:
> + ret = mark_lock_irq(curr, this, new_bit);
> + if (!ret)
> + return 0;
> + break;
> +
> case LOCK_USED:
> debug_atomic_dec(nr_unused_locks);
> break;
> +
> default:
> - ret = mark_lock_irq(curr, this, new_bit);
> - if (!ret)
> - return 0;
> + break;
> }
>
> unlock:
> diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h b/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h
> index b0be1560ed17..67dc46e46552 100644
> --- a/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h
> +++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep_internals.h
> @@ -20,9 +20,12 @@ enum lock_usage_bit {
> #undef LOCKDEP_STATE
> LOCK_USED,
> LOCK_USED_READ,
> - LOCK_USAGE_STATES
> + LOCK_USAGE_STATES,
> };
>
> +/* states after LOCK_USED are not traced and printed */
> +static_assert(LOCK_TRACE_STATES == LOCK_USED_READ);
> +
> #define LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK 1
> #define LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK 2
> #define LOCK_USAGE_STATE_MASK (~(LOCK_USAGE_READ_MASK | LOCK_USAGE_DIR_MASK))
> @@ -121,7 +124,7 @@ static const unsigned long LOCKF_USED_IN_IRQ_READ =
> extern struct list_head all_lock_classes;
> extern struct lock_chain lock_chains[];
>
> -#define LOCK_USAGE_CHARS (1+LOCK_USAGE_STATES/2)
> +#define LOCK_USAGE_CHARS (2*XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES + 1)
>
> extern void get_usage_chars(struct lock_class *class,
> char usage[LOCK_USAGE_CHARS]);

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