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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/3] tracing: Add dynamic strings for synthetic events
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Hi Axel,

On Tue, 2020-09-29 at 15:19 -0700, Axel Rasmussen wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 29, 2020 at 1:33 PM Tom Zanussi <zanussi@kernel.org>
> wrote:
> >
> > Hi,
> >
> > This patchset adds support for dynamic strings for synthetic
> > events,
> > as requested by Axel Rasmussen.
> >
> > Actually, the first two patches should be applied in any case - the
> > first just changes the current max string length and the second
> > fixes
> > a bug I found while testing.
> >
> > It works fine for my simple test cases, but I still need to do a
> > lot
> > more testing, especially of the in-kernel API parts, which don't
> > affect Axel's use case.
> >
> > Anyway, Axel, please try it out and send me your Tested-by: if it
> > works for you, and your broken testcase(s) if it doesn't. ;-)
>
> Thanks for working on this!
>
> Capturing a histogram with a histogram trigger on the synthetic
> event[1] seems to work as expected for me.
>
> However, I tried creating the synthetic event, and then capturing a
> histogram from it using bpftrace [2], and this doesn't seem to work.
> It's completely possible I'm just doing something wrong, or the
> bpftrace I'm using is buggy (getting it to work with __data_loc
> fields
> at all requires a super bleeding edge bpftrace [3]). bpftrace reports
> that it fails to attach to the synthetic event, and I hit some
> WARN_ONs [4].
>
> Does it seem possible this issue is related? If not, feel free to
> disregard. :) I'll spend some more time digging into this tomorrow.
>

It's possible, if the bpf stuff is using the in-kernel trace events
API, the part that I mentioned I hadn't tested yet :-/. There's one
important piece missing for that in this patch - I'll be working on
adding it and posting a v2 today.

Tom

>
>
> [1]:
> echo 'mmap_lock_latency u64 time; char memcg_path[], bool write' > \
> /sys/kernel/tracing/synthetic_events
>
> echo 'hist:keys=memcg_path,write:ts0=common_timestamp.usecs' > \
> /sys/kernel/tracing/events/mmap_lock/mmap_lock_start_locking/
> trigger
>
> echo 'hist:keys=memcg_path,write:latency=common_timestamp.usecs-
> $ts0:onmatch(mmap_lock.mmap_lock_start_locking).mmap_lock_latency($la
> tency,memcg_path,write)'
> > \
>
> /sys/kernel/tracing/events/mmap_lock/mmap_lock_acquire_return
> ed/trigger
>
> echo 'hist:keys=memcg_path,write:values=time' > \
> /sys/kernel/tracing/events/synthetic/mmap_lock_latency/trigge
> r
>
> [2]:
> (Same setup of the synthetic event as [1], except adding the
> histogram
> trigger...)
>
> cat <<EOF > /root/bpftypes.h
> #include <stdbool.h>
> #include <stdint.h>
> typedef uint64_t u64;
> typedef int64_t s64;
> EOF
>
> cat <<EOF > /root/mmap-lock-per-memcg.bpf
> tracepoint:synthetic:mmap_lock_latency {
> @latency[args->memcg_path] = hist(args->time);
> }
> EOF
>
> /home/axelrasmussen/bpftrace/build/src/bpftrace \
> -v \
> -I "/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/10.2.0/include" \
> --include "/root/bpftypes.h" \
> /root/mmap-lock-per-memcg.bpf
>
> [3]: https://github.com/iovisor/bpftrace/pull/1542
>
> [4]:
> [ 31.361814] kauditd_printk_skb: 6 callbacks suppressed
> [ 31.361815] audit: type=1334 audit(1601414765.236:34): prog-id=11
> op=LOAD
>
> From `WARN_ON(!tp_func->func)`:
>
> [ 31.365310] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 31.365316] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 235 at kernel/tracepoint.c:136
> tracepoint_add_func+0x2ad/0x300
> [ 31.366594] Modules linked in: xhci_pci xhci_hcd virtio_net
> net_failover failover virtio_crypto crypto_engine virtio_console
> virtio_blk virtio_balloon uhci_hcd ohci_pci ohci_ht
> [ 31.366603] CPU: 0 PID: 235 Comm: bpftrace Not tainted 5.9.0-smp-
> DEV #1
> [ 31.366604] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996),
> BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
> [ 31.366606] RIP: 0010:tracepoint_add_func+0x2ad/0x300
> [ 31.366607] Code: 17 ff ff ff 4c 89 ff e8 e1 0c 0a 00 e9 22 ff ff
> ff 41 ff 57 18 85 c0 4c 8b 04 24 8b 54 24 08 0f 89 9c fd ff ff e9 31
> ff ff ff <0f> 0b b8 ea ff ff ff e9 f9 fd5
> [ 31.366607] RSP: 0018:ffff911554fdbc50 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [ 31.366608] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff9115583c1200 RCX:
> 0000000000000000
> [ 31.366609] RDX: 000000000000000a RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI:
> ffff9115583c1200
> [ 31.366609] RBP: ffff911554fdbc90 R08: ffff911554fdbca0 R09:
> ffffcaabffdb5018
> [ 31.366610] R10: 0000000000000080 R11: 0000000000000080 R12:
> ffff911558013c90
> [ 31.366610] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff911554f84d10 R15:
> ffff9115583c1200
> [ 31.366611] FS: 00007f9bdf8f0c00(0000) GS:ffff91155fc00000(0000)
> knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 31.366612] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 31.366614] CR2: 00007f9bdefbc000 CR3: 0000000814fe0006 CR4:
> 0000000000370ef0
> [ 31.366615] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2:
> 0000000000000000
> [ 31.366615] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7:
> 0000000000000400
> [ 31.366616] Call Trace:
> [ 31.366620] tracepoint_probe_register+0x58/0x90
> [ 31.366625] trace_event_reg+0x56/0xa0
> [ 31.366626] perf_trace_event_reg.isra.2+0xba/0x130
> [ 31.366627] perf_trace_event_init+0x32/0x70
> [ 31.366628] perf_trace_init+0x6e/0xa0
> [ 31.366631] perf_tp_event_init+0x28/0x40
> [ 31.366632] perf_try_init_event+0xe7/0x130
> [ 31.366633] perf_event_alloc+0x4ba/0xdc0
> [ 31.366635] ? __alloc_fd+0x40/0x160
> [ 31.366637] __do_sys_perf_event_open+0x2bb/0xe90
> [ 31.366638] __x64_sys_perf_event_open+0x20/0x30
> [ 31.366641] do_syscall_64+0x31/0x40
> [ 31.366644] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [ 31.366645] RIP: 0033:0x7f9be4886d5d
> [ 31.366646] Code: 00 c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 90 f3 0f 1e
> fa 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24
> 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 01 c3 488
> [ 31.366646] RSP: 002b:00007ffdcf6e4d68 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX:
> 000000000000012a
> [ 31.366647] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00007ffdcf6e5e6c RCX:
> 00007f9be4886d5d
> [ 31.366647] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 00000000ffffffff RDI:
> 00007ffdcf6e4d80
> [ 31.366648] RBP: 00007ffdcf6e4d80 R08: 0000000000000008 R09:
> 000056095c148578
> [ 31.366651] R10: 00000000ffffffff R11: 0000000000000246 R12:
> 000000000000000b
> [ 31.366652] R13: 00000000ffffffff R14: 00007ffdcf6e5e70 R15:
> 00007ffdcf6e4e00
> [ 31.366653] ---[ end trace 25e0e681c1442c93 ]---
>
> From `WARN_ON_ONCE(PTR_ERR(old) != -ENOMEM);`:
>
> [ 31.367345] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [ 31.367347] WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 235 at kernel/tracepoint.c:243
> tracepoint_add_func+0xb2/0x300
> [ 31.368612] Modules linked in: xhci_pci xhci_hcd virtio_net
> net_failover failover virtio_crypto crypto_engine virtio_console
> virtio_blk virtio_balloon uhci_hcd ohci_pci ohci_ht
> [ 31.368615] CPU: 0 PID: 235 Comm: bpftrace Tainted: G W
> 5.9.0-smp-DEV #1
> [ 31.368615] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996),
> BIOS 1.13.0-1 04/01/2014
> [ 31.368617] RIP: 0010:tracepoint_add_func+0xb2/0x300
> [ 31.368617] Code: c6 48 8b 01 48 85 c0 74 28 41 83 fd ff 75 df 3b
> 51 10 44 0f 4f eb 48 39 c6 75 d8 49 8b 40 08 48 39 41 08 75 ce b8 ef
> ff ff ff <0f> 0b e9 25 01 00 00 8d 43 02d
> [ 31.368618] RSP: 0018:ffff911554fdbc50 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [ 31.368618] RAX: 00000000ffffffea RBX: ffff9115583c1200 RCX:
> 0000000000000000
> [ 31.368619] RDX: 000000000000000a RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI:
> ffff9115583c1200
> [ 31.368619] RBP: ffff911554fdbc90 R08: ffff911554fdbca0 R09:
> ffffcaabffdb5018
> [ 31.368620] R10: 0000000000000080 R11: 0000000000000080 R12:
> ffff911558013c90
> [ 31.368620] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff911554f84d10 R15:
> ffff9115583c1200
> [ 31.368621] FS: 00007f9bdf8f0c00(0000) GS:ffff91155fc00000(0000)
> knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 31.368621] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 31.368623] CR2: 00007f9bdefbc000 CR3: 0000000814fe0006 CR4:
> 0000000000370ef0
> [ 31.368624] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2:
> 0000000000000000
> [ 31.368624] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7:
> 0000000000000400
> [ 31.368625] Call Trace:
> [ 31.368626] tracepoint_probe_register+0x58/0x90
> [ 31.368627] trace_event_reg+0x56/0xa0
> [ 31.368628] perf_trace_event_reg.isra.2+0xba/0x130
> [ 31.368629] perf_trace_event_init+0x32/0x70
> [ 31.368630] perf_trace_init+0x6e/0xa0
> [ 31.368631] perf_tp_event_init+0x28/0x40
> [ 31.368632] perf_try_init_event+0xe7/0x130
> [ 31.368632] perf_event_alloc+0x4ba/0xdc0
> [ 31.368634] ? __alloc_fd+0x40/0x160
> [ 31.368635] __do_sys_perf_event_open+0x2bb/0xe90
> [ 31.368636] __x64_sys_perf_event_open+0x20/0x30
> [ 31.368637] do_syscall_64+0x31/0x40
> [ 31.368638] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9
> [ 31.368639] RIP: 0033:0x7f9be4886d5d
> [ 31.368639] Code: 00 c3 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 90 f3 0f 1e
> fa 48 89 f8 48 89 f7 48 89 d6 48 89 ca 4d 89 c2 4d 89 c8 4c 8b 4c 24
> 08 0f 05 <48> 3d 01 f0 ff ff 73 01 c3 488
> [ 31.368640] RSP: 002b:00007ffdcf6e4d68 EFLAGS: 00000246 ORIG_RAX:
> 000000000000012a
> [ 31.368640] RAX: ffffffffffffffda RBX: 00007ffdcf6e5e6c RCX:
> 00007f9be4886d5d
> [ 31.368641] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 00000000ffffffff RDI:
> 00007ffdcf6e4d80
> [ 31.368641] RBP: 00007ffdcf6e4d80 R08: 0000000000000008 R09:
> 000056095c148578
> [ 31.368642] R10: 00000000ffffffff R11: 0000000000000246 R12:
> 000000000000000b
> [ 31.368642] R13: 00000000ffffffff R14: 00007ffdcf6e5e70 R15:
> 00007ffdcf6e4e00
> [ 31.368643] ---[ end trace 25e0e681c1442c94 ]---
> [ 31.377271] audit: type=1334 audit(1601414765.252:35): prog-id=11
> op=UNLOAD
>
> >
> > Thanks,
> >
> > Tom
> >
> > The following changes since commit
> > 106c076d23cca67c959a6fd1ccadb5b3ef01ddc9:
> >
> > mmap_lock: add tracepoints around lock acquisition (2020-09-23
> > 08:48:08 -0500)
> >
> > are available in the Git repository at:
> >
> > git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/zanussi/linux-
> > trace.git ftrace/synth-dynstring-v0
> >
> > Tom Zanussi (3):
> > tracing: Change STR_VAR_MAX_LEN
> > tracing: Fix parse_synth_field() error handling
> > tracing: Add support for dynamic strings to synthetic events
> >
> > Documentation/trace/events.rst | 15 ++-
> > Documentation/trace/histogram.rst | 18 ++++
> > kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c | 9 ++
> > kernel/trace/trace_events_synth.c | 163
> > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> > kernel/trace/trace_synth.h | 6 +-
> > 5 files changed, 186 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)
> >
> > --
> > 2.17.1
> >

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