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SubjectRe: [PATCH 04/22] kvm: mmu: Allocate and free TDP MMU roots
On Fri, Sep 25, 2020 at 02:22:44PM -0700, Ben Gardon wrote:
static u64 __read_mostly shadow_nx_mask;
> @@ -3597,10 +3592,14 @@ static void mmu_free_root_page(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t *root_hpa,
> if (!VALID_PAGE(*root_hpa))
> return;
>
> - sp = to_shadow_page(*root_hpa & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK);
> - --sp->root_count;
> - if (!sp->root_count && sp->role.invalid)
> - kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(kvm, sp, invalid_list);
> + if (is_tdp_mmu_root(kvm, *root_hpa)) {
> + kvm_tdp_mmu_put_root_hpa(kvm, *root_hpa);
> + } else {
> + sp = to_shadow_page(*root_hpa & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK);
> + --sp->root_count;
> + if (!sp->root_count && sp->role.invalid)
> + kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(kvm, sp, invalid_list);

Hmm, I see that future patches use put_tdp_mmu_root()/get_tdp_mmu_root(),
but the code itself isn't specific to the TDP MMU. Even if this ends up
being the only non-TDP user of get/put, I think it'd be worth making them
common helpers, e.g.

sp = to_shadow_page(*root_hpa & PT64_BASE_ADDR_MASK);
if (mmu_put_root(sp) {
if (is_tdp_mmu(...))
kvm_tdp_mmu_free_root(kvm, sp);
else if (sp->role.invalid)
kvm_mmu_prepare_zap_page(kvm, sp, invalid_list);
}

> + }
>
> *root_hpa = INVALID_PAGE;
> }
> @@ -3691,7 +3690,13 @@ static int mmu_alloc_direct_roots(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> unsigned i;
>
> if (shadow_root_level >= PT64_ROOT_4LEVEL) {
> - root = mmu_alloc_root(vcpu, 0, 0, shadow_root_level, true);
> + if (vcpu->kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_enabled) {

I believe this will break 32-bit NPT. Or at a minimum, look weird. It'd
be better to explicitly disable the TDP MMU on 32-bit KVM, then this becomes

if (vcpu->kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_enabled) {

} else if (shadow_root_level >= PT64_ROOT_4LEVEL) {

} else {

}

> + root = kvm_tdp_mmu_get_vcpu_root_hpa(vcpu);
> + } else {
> + root = mmu_alloc_root(vcpu, 0, 0, shadow_root_level,
> + true);
> + }

May not matter in the end, but the braces aren't needed.
> +
> if (!VALID_PAGE(root))
> return -ENOSPC;
> vcpu->arch.mmu->root_hpa = root;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu_internal.h b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu_internal.h
> index 65bb110847858..530b7d893c7b3 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu_internal.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu_internal.h
> @@ -41,8 +41,12 @@ struct kvm_mmu_page {
>
> /* Number of writes since the last time traversal visited this page. */
> atomic_t write_flooding_count;
> +
> + bool tdp_mmu_page;
> };
>
> +extern struct kmem_cache *mmu_page_header_cache;
> +
> static inline struct kvm_mmu_page *to_shadow_page(hpa_t shadow_page)
> {
> struct page *page = pfn_to_page(shadow_page >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -69,6 +73,11 @@ bool kvm_mmu_slot_gfn_write_protect(struct kvm *kvm,
> (((address) >> PT64_LEVEL_SHIFT(level)) & ((1 << PT64_LEVEL_BITS) - 1))
> #define SHADOW_PT_INDEX(addr, level) PT64_INDEX(addr, level)
>
> +#define ACC_EXEC_MASK 1
> +#define ACC_WRITE_MASK PT_WRITABLE_MASK
> +#define ACC_USER_MASK PT_USER_MASK
> +#define ACC_ALL (ACC_EXEC_MASK | ACC_WRITE_MASK | ACC_USER_MASK)
> +
> /* Functions for interpreting SPTEs */
> kvm_pfn_t spte_to_pfn(u64 pte);
> bool is_mmio_spte(u64 spte);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.c
> index 8241e18c111e6..cdca829e42040 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.c
> @@ -1,5 +1,7 @@
> /* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
>
> +#include "mmu.h"
> +#include "mmu_internal.h"
> #include "tdp_mmu.h"
>
> static bool __read_mostly tdp_mmu_enabled = true;
> @@ -25,10 +27,165 @@ void kvm_mmu_init_tdp_mmu(struct kvm *kvm)
>
> /* This should not be changed for the lifetime of the VM. */
> kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_enabled = true;
> +
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_roots);
> }
>
> void kvm_mmu_uninit_tdp_mmu(struct kvm *kvm)
> {
> if (!kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_enabled)
> return;
> +
> + WARN_ON(!list_empty(&kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_roots));
> +}
> +
> +#define for_each_tdp_mmu_root(_kvm, _root) \
> + list_for_each_entry(_root, &_kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_roots, link)
> +
> +bool is_tdp_mmu_root(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t hpa)
> +{
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *root;
> +
> + if (!kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_enabled)
> + return false;
> +
> + root = to_shadow_page(hpa);
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(!root))
> + return false;
> +
> + return root->tdp_mmu_page;

Why all the extra checks?

> +}
> +
> +static void free_tdp_mmu_root(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *root)
> +{
> + lockdep_assert_held(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + WARN_ON(root->root_count);
> + WARN_ON(!root->tdp_mmu_page);
> +
> + list_del(&root->link);
> +
> + free_page((unsigned long)root->spt);
> + kmem_cache_free(mmu_page_header_cache, root);
> +}
> +
> +static void put_tdp_mmu_root(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *root)
> +{
> + lockdep_assert_held(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + root->root_count--;
> + if (!root->root_count)
> + free_tdp_mmu_root(kvm, root);
> +}
> +
> +static void get_tdp_mmu_root(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_mmu_page *root)
> +{
> + lockdep_assert_held(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> + WARN_ON(!root->root_count);
> +
> + root->root_count++;
> +}
> +
> +void kvm_tdp_mmu_put_root_hpa(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t root_hpa)
> +{
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *root;
> +
> + root = to_shadow_page(root_hpa);
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(!root))
> + return;
> +
> + put_tdp_mmu_root(kvm, root);
> +}
> +
> +static struct kvm_mmu_page *find_tdp_mmu_root_with_role(
> + struct kvm *kvm, union kvm_mmu_page_role role)
> +{
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *root;
> +
> + lockdep_assert_held(&kvm->mmu_lock);
> + for_each_tdp_mmu_root(kvm, root) {
> + WARN_ON(!root->root_count);
> +
> + if (root->role.word == role.word)
> + return root;
> + }
> +
> + return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static struct kvm_mmu_page *alloc_tdp_mmu_root(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> + union kvm_mmu_page_role role)
> +{
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *new_root;
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *root;
> +
> + new_root = kvm_mmu_memory_cache_alloc(
> + &vcpu->arch.mmu_page_header_cache);
> + new_root->spt = kvm_mmu_memory_cache_alloc(
> + &vcpu->arch.mmu_shadow_page_cache);
> + set_page_private(virt_to_page(new_root->spt), (unsigned long)new_root);
> +
> + new_root->role.word = role.word;
> + new_root->root_count = 1;
> + new_root->gfn = 0;
> + new_root->tdp_mmu_page = true;
> +
> + spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + /* Check that no matching root exists before adding this one. */
> + root = find_tdp_mmu_root_with_role(vcpu->kvm, role);
> + if (root) {
> + get_tdp_mmu_root(vcpu->kvm, root);
> + spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);

Hrm, I'm not a big fan of dropping locks in the middle of functions, but the
alternatives aren't great. :-/ Best I can come up with is

if (root)
get_tdp_mmu_root()
else
list_add();
spin_unlock();

if (root) {
free_page()
kmem_cache_free()
} else {
root = new_root;
}
return root;

Not sure that's any better.

> + free_page((unsigned long)new_root->spt);
> + kmem_cache_free(mmu_page_header_cache, new_root);
> + return root;
> + }
> +
> + list_add(&new_root->link, &vcpu->kvm->arch.tdp_mmu_roots);
> + spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + return new_root;
> +}
> +
> +static struct kvm_mmu_page *get_tdp_mmu_vcpu_root(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *root;
> + union kvm_mmu_page_role role;
> +
> + role = vcpu->arch.mmu->mmu_role.base;
> + role.level = vcpu->arch.mmu->shadow_root_level;
> + role.direct = true;
> + role.gpte_is_8_bytes = true;
> + role.access = ACC_ALL;
> +
> + spin_lock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + /* Search for an already allocated root with the same role. */
> + root = find_tdp_mmu_root_with_role(vcpu->kvm, role);
> + if (root) {
> + get_tdp_mmu_root(vcpu->kvm, root);
> + spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);

Rather than manually unlock and return, this can be

if (root)
get_tdp_mmju_root();
spin_unlock()

if (!root)
root = alloc_tdp_mmu_root();
return root;

You could also add a helper to do the "get" along with the "find". Not sure
if that's worth the code.

> + return root;
> + }
> +
> + spin_unlock(&vcpu->kvm->mmu_lock);
> +
> + /* If there is no appropriate root, allocate one. */
> + root = alloc_tdp_mmu_root(vcpu, role);
> +
> + return root;
> +}
> +
> +hpa_t kvm_tdp_mmu_get_vcpu_root_hpa(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + struct kvm_mmu_page *root;
> +
> + root = get_tdp_mmu_vcpu_root(vcpu);
> + if (!root)
> + return INVALID_PAGE;
> +
> + return __pa(root->spt);
> }
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.h b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.h
> index dd3764f5a9aa3..9274debffeaa1 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/tdp_mmu.h
> @@ -7,4 +7,9 @@
>
> void kvm_mmu_init_tdp_mmu(struct kvm *kvm);
> void kvm_mmu_uninit_tdp_mmu(struct kvm *kvm);
> +
> +bool is_tdp_mmu_root(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t root);
> +hpa_t kvm_tdp_mmu_get_vcpu_root_hpa(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> +void kvm_tdp_mmu_put_root_hpa(struct kvm *kvm, hpa_t root_hpa);
> +
> #endif /* __KVM_X86_MMU_TDP_MMU_H */
> --
> 2.28.0.709.gb0816b6eb0-goog
>

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