lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Sep]   [29]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 5.8 94/99] mm: dont rely on system state to detect hot-plug operations
Date
From: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>

commit f85086f95fa36194eb0db5cd5c12e56801b98523 upstream.

In register_mem_sect_under_node() the system_state's value is checked to
detect whether the call is made during boot time or during an hot-plug
operation. Unfortunately, that check against SYSTEM_BOOTING is wrong
because regular memory is registered at SYSTEM_SCHEDULING state. In
addition, memory hot-plug operation can be triggered at this system
state by the ACPI [1]. So checking against the system state is not
enough.

The consequence is that on system with interleaved node's ranges like this:

Early memory node ranges
node 1: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000011fffffff]
node 2: [mem 0x0000000120000000-0x000000014fffffff]
node 1: [mem 0x0000000150000000-0x00000001ffffffff]
node 0: [mem 0x0000000200000000-0x000000048fffffff]
node 2: [mem 0x0000000490000000-0x00000007ffffffff]

This can be seen on PowerPC LPAR after multiple memory hot-plug and
hot-unplug operations are done. At the next reboot the node's memory
ranges can be interleaved and since the call to link_mem_sections() is
made in topology_init() while the system is in the SYSTEM_SCHEDULING
state, the node's id is not checked, and the sections registered to
multiple nodes:

$ ls -l /sys/devices/system/memory/memory21/node*
total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Aug 24 05:27 node1 -> ../../node/node1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Aug 24 05:27 node2 -> ../../node/node2

In that case, the system is able to boot but if later one of theses
memory blocks is hot-unplugged and then hot-plugged, the sysfs
inconsistency is detected and this is triggering a BUG_ON():

kernel BUG at /Users/laurent/src/linux-ppc/mm/memory_hotplug.c:1084!
Oops: Exception in kernel mode, sig: 5 [#1]
LE PAGE_SIZE=64K MMU=Hash SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
Modules linked in: rpadlpar_io rpaphp pseries_rng rng_core vmx_crypto gf128mul binfmt_misc ip_tables x_tables xfs libcrc32c crc32c_vpmsum autofs4
CPU: 8 PID: 10256 Comm: drmgr Not tainted 5.9.0-rc1+ #25
Call Trace:
add_memory_resource+0x23c/0x340 (unreliable)
__add_memory+0x5c/0xf0
dlpar_add_lmb+0x1b4/0x500
dlpar_memory+0x1f8/0xb80
handle_dlpar_errorlog+0xc0/0x190
dlpar_store+0x198/0x4a0
kobj_attr_store+0x30/0x50
sysfs_kf_write+0x64/0x90
kernfs_fop_write+0x1b0/0x290
vfs_write+0xe8/0x290
ksys_write+0xdc/0x130
system_call_exception+0x160/0x270
system_call_common+0xf0/0x27c

This patch addresses the root cause by not relying on the system_state
value to detect whether the call is due to a hot-plug operation. An
extra parameter is added to link_mem_sections() detailing whether the
operation is due to a hot-plug operation.

[1] According to Oscar Salvador, using this qemu command line, ACPI
memory hotplug operations are raised at SYSTEM_SCHEDULING state:

$QEMU -enable-kvm -machine pc -smp 4,sockets=4,cores=1,threads=1 -cpu host -monitor pty \
-m size=$MEM,slots=255,maxmem=4294967296k \
-numa node,nodeid=0,cpus=0-3,mem=512 -numa node,nodeid=1,mem=512 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm0,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm0,id=dimm0,slot=0 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm1,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm1,id=dimm1,slot=1 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm2,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm2,id=dimm2,slot=2 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm3,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm3,id=dimm3,slot=3 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm4,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=1,memdev=memdimm4,id=dimm4,slot=4 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm5,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=1,memdev=memdimm5,id=dimm5,slot=5 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm6,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=1,memdev=memdimm6,id=dimm6,slot=6 \

Fixes: 4fbce633910e ("mm/memory_hotplug.c: make register_mem_sect_under_node() a callback of walk_memory_range()")
Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Cc: Nathan Lynch <nathanl@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200915094143.79181-3-ldufour@linux.ibm.com
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
drivers/base/node.c | 85 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
include/linux/node.h | 11 ++++--
mm/memory_hotplug.c | 3 +
3 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

--- a/drivers/base/node.c
+++ b/drivers/base/node.c
@@ -761,14 +761,36 @@ static int __ref get_nid_for_pfn(unsigne
return pfn_to_nid(pfn);
}

+static int do_register_memory_block_under_node(int nid,
+ struct memory_block *mem_blk)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * If this memory block spans multiple nodes, we only indicate
+ * the last processed node.
+ */
+ mem_blk->nid = nid;
+
+ ret = sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
+ &mem_blk->dev.kobj,
+ kobject_name(&mem_blk->dev.kobj));
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&mem_blk->dev.kobj,
+ &node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
+ kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
+}
+
/* register memory section under specified node if it spans that node */
-static int register_mem_sect_under_node(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
- void *arg)
+static int register_mem_block_under_node_early(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
+ void *arg)
{
unsigned long memory_block_pfns = memory_block_size_bytes() / PAGE_SIZE;
unsigned long start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(mem_blk->start_section_nr);
unsigned long end_pfn = start_pfn + memory_block_pfns - 1;
- int ret, nid = *(int *)arg;
+ int nid = *(int *)arg;
unsigned long pfn;

for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn <= end_pfn; pfn++) {
@@ -785,39 +807,34 @@ static int register_mem_sect_under_node(
}

/*
- * We need to check if page belongs to nid only for the boot
- * case, during hotplug we know that all pages in the memory
- * block belong to the same node.
- */
- if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING) {
- page_nid = get_nid_for_pfn(pfn);
- if (page_nid < 0)
- continue;
- if (page_nid != nid)
- continue;
- }
-
- /*
- * If this memory block spans multiple nodes, we only indicate
- * the last processed node.
+ * We need to check if page belongs to nid only at the boot
+ * case because node's ranges can be interleaved.
*/
- mem_blk->nid = nid;
-
- ret = sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
- &mem_blk->dev.kobj,
- kobject_name(&mem_blk->dev.kobj));
- if (ret)
- return ret;
+ page_nid = get_nid_for_pfn(pfn);
+ if (page_nid < 0)
+ continue;
+ if (page_nid != nid)
+ continue;

- return sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&mem_blk->dev.kobj,
- &node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
- kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
+ return do_register_memory_block_under_node(nid, mem_blk);
}
/* mem section does not span the specified node */
return 0;
}

/*
+ * During hotplug we know that all pages in the memory block belong to the same
+ * node.
+ */
+static int register_mem_block_under_node_hotplug(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
+ void *arg)
+{
+ int nid = *(int *)arg;
+
+ return do_register_memory_block_under_node(nid, mem_blk);
+}
+
+/*
* Unregister a memory block device under the node it spans. Memory blocks
* with multiple nodes cannot be offlined and therefore also never be removed.
*/
@@ -832,11 +849,19 @@ void unregister_memory_block_under_nodes
kobject_name(&node_devices[mem_blk->nid]->dev.kobj));
}

-int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
+int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
+ enum meminit_context context)
{
+ walk_memory_blocks_func_t func;
+
+ if (context == MEMINIT_HOTPLUG)
+ func = register_mem_block_under_node_hotplug;
+ else
+ func = register_mem_block_under_node_early;
+
return walk_memory_blocks(PFN_PHYS(start_pfn),
PFN_PHYS(end_pfn - start_pfn), (void *)&nid,
- register_mem_sect_under_node);
+ func);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
--- a/include/linux/node.h
+++ b/include/linux/node.h
@@ -99,11 +99,13 @@ extern struct node *node_devices[];
typedef void (*node_registration_func_t)(struct node *);

#if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA)
-extern int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
- unsigned long end_pfn);
+int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
+ unsigned long end_pfn,
+ enum meminit_context context);
#else
static inline int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
- unsigned long end_pfn)
+ unsigned long end_pfn,
+ enum meminit_context context)
{
return 0;
}
@@ -128,7 +130,8 @@ static inline int register_one_node(int
if (error)
return error;
/* link memory sections under this node */
- error = link_mem_sections(nid, start_pfn, end_pfn);
+ error = link_mem_sections(nid, start_pfn, end_pfn,
+ MEMINIT_EARLY);
}

return error;
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1065,7 +1065,8 @@ int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, s
}

/* link memory sections under this node.*/
- ret = link_mem_sections(nid, PFN_DOWN(start), PFN_UP(start + size - 1));
+ ret = link_mem_sections(nid, PFN_DOWN(start), PFN_UP(start + size - 1),
+ MEMINIT_HOTPLUG);
BUG_ON(ret);

/* create new memmap entry */

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-09-29 13:51    [W:0.447 / U:0.416 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site