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SubjectRe: lockdep null-ptr-deref
On Tue, Sep 29, 2020 at 10:31:56AM -0400, Qian Cai wrote:
> I tried to add a few new Kconfig options like LEDS_TRIGGERS instantly trigger a
> warning during the boot, and then there is null-ptr-deref in lockdep below. Any
> idea?
>
> [ 16.487309] WARNING: possible irq lock inversion dependency detected
> [ 16.488313] 5.9.0-rc7-next-20200928+ #9 Not tainted
> [ 16.488936] --------------------------------------------------------
> [ 16.489767] swapper/6/0 just changed the state of lock:
> [ 16.490449] ffff8889eea6f418 (&host->lock){-...}-{2:2}, at: ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
> __ata_sff_interrupt at /home/linux-mm/linux-next/drivers/ata/libata-sff.c:1534
> (inlined by) ata_bmdma_interrupt at /home/linux-mm/linux-next/drivers/ata/libata-sff.c:2832
> [ 16.491639] but this lock took another, HARDIRQ-READ-unsafe lock in the past:
> [ 16.492561] (&trig->leddev_list_lock){.+.?}-{2:2}
> [ 16.492565]
> [ 16.492565]
> [ 16.492565] and interrupts could create inverse lock ordering between them.
> [ 16.492565]
> [ 16.494635]
> [ 16.494635] other info that might help us debug this:
> [ 16.495479] Possible interrupt unsafe locking scenario:
> [ 16.495479]
> [ 16.496360] CPU0 CPU1
> [ 16.496941] ---- ----
> [ 16.497542] lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
> [ 16.498095] local_irq_disable();
> [ 16.498864] lock(&host->lock);
> [ 16.499611] lock(&trig->leddev_list_lock);
> [ 16.500481] <Interrupt>
> [ 16.500833] lock(&host->lock);
> [ 16.501289]
> [ 16.501289] *** DEADLOCK ***
> [ 16.501289]
> [ 16.502044] no locks held by swapper/6/0.
> [ 16.502566]
> [ 16.502566] the shortest dependencies between 2nd lock and 1st lock:
> [ 16.503578] -> (&trig->leddev_list_lock){.+.?}-{2:2} {
> [ 16.504259] HARDIRQ-ON-R at:
> [ 16.504692] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
> [ 16.505411] _raw_read_lock+0x38/0x70
> [ 16.506120] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0xb0
> led_trigger_event at drivers/leds/led-triggers.c:386
> (inlined by) led_trigger_event at drivers/leds/led-triggers.c:377
> [ 16.506868] kbd_propagate_led_state+0x5d/0x80
> [ 16.507680] kbd_bh+0x14d/0x1d0
> [ 16.508335] tasklet_action_common.isra.13+0x23a/0x2e0
> [ 16.509235] __do_softirq+0x1ce/0x828
> [ 16.509940] run_ksoftirqd+0x26/0x50
> [ 16.510647] smpboot_thread_fn+0x30f/0x740
> [ 16.511413] kthread+0x357/0x420
> [ 16.512068] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
> [ 16.512762] IN-SOFTIRQ-R at:
> [ 16.513187] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
> [ 16.513891] _raw_read_lock+0x38/0x70
> [ 16.514602] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0xb0
> [ 16.515356] kbd_propagate_led_state+0x5d/0x80
> [ 16.516165] kbd_bh+0x14d/0x1d0
> [ 16.516810] tasklet_action_common.isra.13+0x23a/0x2e0
> [ 16.517701] __do_softirq+0x1ce/0x828
> [ 16.518418] run_ksoftirqd+0x26/0x50
> [ 16.519119] smpboot_thread_fn+0x30f/0x740
> [ 16.519874] kthread+0x357/0x420
> [ 16.520460] scsi 0:0:0:0: Direct-Access ATA QEMU HARDDISK 2.5+ PQ: 0 ANSI: 5
> [ 16.520528] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
> [ 16.520531] SOFTIRQ-ON-R at:
> [ 16.522704] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
> [ 16.523423] _raw_read_lock+0x5d/0x70
> [ 16.524124] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0xb0
> [ 16.524865] kbd_propagate_led_state+0x5d/0x80
> [ 16.525671] kbd_start+0xd2/0xf0
> [ 16.526332] input_register_handle+0x282/0x4f0
> [ 16.527142] kbd_connect+0xc0/0x120
> [ 16.527826] input_attach_handler+0x10a/0x170
> [ 16.528758] input_register_device.cold.22+0xac/0x29d
> [ 16.529651] atkbd_connect+0x58f/0x810
> [ 16.530374] serio_connect_driver+0x4a/0x70
> [ 16.531144] really_probe+0x222/0xb20
> [ 16.531861] driver_probe_device+0x1f6/0x380
> [ 16.532650] device_driver_attach+0xea/0x120
> [ 16.533441] __driver_attach+0xf5/0x270
> [ 16.534172] bus_for_each_dev+0x11c/0x1b0
> [ 16.534924] serio_handle_event+0x1df/0x7f0
> [ 16.535701] process_one_work+0x842/0x1410
> [ 16.536470] worker_thread+0x87/0xb40
> [ 16.537178] kthread+0x357/0x420
> [ 16.537828] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
> [ 16.538674] INITIAL USE at:
> [ 16.539220] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
> [ 16.540116] _raw_read_lock+0x38/0x70
> [ 16.540999] led_trigger_event+0x2b/0xb0
> [ 16.541923] kbd_propagate_led_state+0x5d/0x80
> [ 16.542879] kbd_bh+0x14d/0x1d0
> [ 16.543538] tasklet_action_common.isra.13+0x23a/0x2e0
> [ 16.544427] __do_softirq+0x1ce/0x828
> [ 16.545117] run_ksoftirqd+0x26/0x50
> [ 16.545807] smpboot_thread_fn+0x30f/0x740
> [ 16.546566] kthread+0x357/0x420
> [ 16.547227] ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30
> [ 16.547899] (null) at:

I think there are two problems here:

1) the "(null)" means we don't have the "usage_str" for a usage bit,
which I think is the LOCK_USED_READ bit introduced by Peter at
23870f122768 ('locking/lockdep: Fix "USED" <- "IN-NMI" inversions').

2) the next null-ptr-deref, and I think this is also caused by
LOCK_USED_READ bit, because in the loop inside
print_lock_class_header(), we iterate from 0 to LOCK_USAGE_STATES (which
is 4*2 + 3), however the class->usage_traces[] only has
XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES (which is 4*2 + 1) elements, so if we have
LOCK_USED_READ bit set in ->usage_mask, we will try to access an element
out of the ->usage_traces[] array.

Probably the following helps? And another possible fix is to enlarge the
->usage_trace[] array and record the call trace of LOCK_READ_USED.

Regards,
Boqun

---------->8
diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
index 454355c033d2..ec7e6d90751c 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
@@ -600,6 +600,7 @@ static const char *usage_str[] =
#include "lockdep_states.h"
#undef LOCKDEP_STATE
[LOCK_USED] = "INITIAL USE",
+ [LOCK_READ_USED】 = "INITIAL READ USE",
[LOCK_USAGE_STATES] = "IN-NMI",
};
#endif
@@ -2231,7 +2232,7 @@ static void print_lock_class_header(struct lock_class *class, int depth)
#endif
printk(KERN_CONT " {\n");

- for (bit = 0; bit < LOCK_USAGE_STATES; bit++) {
+ for (bit = 0; bit < XXX_LOCK_USAGE_STATES; bit++) {
if (class->usage_mask & (1 << bit)) {
int len = depth;

> [ 16.548298] general protection fault, probably for non-canonical address 0xdffffc0000000002: 0000 [#1] SMP KASAN PTI
> [ 16.549666] KASAN: null-ptr-deref in range [0x0000000000000010-0x0000000000000017]
> [ 16.550644] CPU: 6 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/6 Not tainted 5.9.0-rc7-next-20200928+ #9
> [ 16.551615] Hardware name: Red Hat KVM, BIOS 1.14.0-1.module+el8.3.0+7638+07cf13d2 04/01/2014
> [ 16.552722] RIP: 0010:print_shortest_lock_dependencies.cold.65+0x10b/0x2a4
> print_shortest_lock_dependencies.cold.65+0x10b/0x2a4:
> print_lock_trace at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:1751
> (inlined by) print_lock_class_header at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2240
> (inlined by) print_shortest_lock_dependencies at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:2263
> [ 16.553613] Code: 41 01 c6 4c 89 e8 48 c1 e8 03 45 01 fe 80 3c 18 00 74 08 4c 89 ef e8 db e2 ac fe 49 8b 45 00 48 8d 78 14 48 89 fa 48 c1 ea 03 <0f> b6 0c 1a 48 89 fa 83 e2 07 83 c2 03 38 ca 7c 08 84 c9 0f 82
> [ 16.555983] RSP: 0018:ffff888a7eb09988 EFLAGS: 00010003
> [ 16.556658] RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: dffffc0000000000 RCX: 0000000000000027
> [ 16.557571] RDX: 0000000000000002 RSI: 0000000000000004 RDI: 0000000000000015
> [ 16.558499] RBP: ffffffffb3dd5888 R08: ffffed114fd640c2 R09: ffffed114fd640c2
> [ 16.559420] R10: ffff888a7eb2060b R11: ffffed114fd640c1 R12: 0000000000000009
> [ 16.560329] R13: ffffffffb3dd5928 R14: 000000000000000f R15: 0000000000000001
> [ 16.561237] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff888a7eb00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 16.562264] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 16.562989] CR2: 00007fdc00f597a0 CR3: 000000091f02e006 CR4: 0000000000770ee0
> [ 16.563909] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> [ 16.564818] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> [ 16.565728] PKRU: 55555554
> [ 16.566080] Call Trace:
> [ 16.566410] <IRQ>
> [ 16.566679] print_irq_inversion_bug.cold.66+0x31b/0x36e
> print_irq_inversion_bug at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3771
> (inlined by) print_irq_inversion_bug at kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3716
> [ 16.567369] mark_lock.part.49+0x116a/0x1900
> [ 16.567915] ? print_usage_bug+0x1f0/0x1f0
> [ 16.568456] ? __lock_acquire+0xc66/0x3ac0
> [ 16.568983] ? print_usage_bug+0x1f0/0x1f0
> [ 16.569521] ? mark_lock.part.49+0x107/0x1900
> [ 16.570085] __lock_acquire+0x14ec/0x3ac0
> [ 16.570610] ? static_obj+0xb0/0xc0
> [ 16.571064] ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare+0x4d0/0x4d0
> [ 16.571731] ? rcu_read_lock_sched_held+0xa1/0xd0
> [ 16.572347] lock_acquire+0x17f/0x7e0
> [ 16.572825] ? ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
> [ 16.573494] ? rcu_read_unlock+0x40/0x40
> [ 16.573994] ? __lock_acquire+0x1864/0x3ac0
> [ 16.574543] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x35/0x50
> [ 16.575111] ? ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
> [ 16.575779] ? ata_bmdma_port_intr+0x320/0x320 [libata]
> [ 16.576460] ata_bmdma_interrupt+0x1e/0x530 [libata]
> [ 16.577092] ? rcu_read_lock_bh_held+0xb0/0xb0
> [ 16.577676] ? find_held_lock+0x33/0x1c0
> [ 16.578205] ? ata_bmdma_port_intr+0x320/0x320 [libata]
> [ 16.578875] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0xeb/0x5f0
> [ 16.579491] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x73/0x140
> [ 16.580072] ? __handle_irq_event_percpu+0x5f0/0x5f0
> [ 16.580714] ? rwlock_bug.part.1+0x90/0x90
> [ 16.581251] ? do_raw_spin_unlock+0x14b/0x230
> [ 16.581805] handle_irq_event+0xa1/0x130
> [ 16.582324] handle_edge_irq+0x1ee/0x770
> [ 16.582841] asm_call_irq_on_stack+0x12/0x20
> [ 16.583416] </IRQ>
> [ 16.583699] common_interrupt+0xe2/0x180
> [ 16.584225] asm_common_interrupt+0x1e/0x40
> [ 16.584760] RIP: 0010:default_idle+0x18/0x20
> [ 16.585323] Code: 5d e9 bc cd 35 ff cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc cc 0f 1f 44 00 00 e8 96 07 6b fe e9 07 00 00 00 0f 00 2d 4a 98 5b 00 fb f4 <c3> 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 0f 1f 44 00 00 53 be 08 00 00 00 65 4b
> [ 16.587687] RSP: 0018:ffff888107317df8 EFLAGS: 00000202
> [ 16.588378] RAX: 0000000000008ca1 RBX: 0000000000000006 RCX: ffffffffb143f2e0
> [ 16.589297] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffffffffb1464e4a
> [ 16.590207] RBP: 0000000000000006 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: 0000000000000001
> [ 16.591109] R10: ffff888a7eb360eb R11: ffffed114fd66c1d R12: ffffffffb2d6fca0
> [ 16.592012] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 1ffff11020e62fc6 R15: 0000000000000000
> [ 16.592931] ? rcu_eqs_enter.constprop.75+0xa0/0xc0
> [ 16.593572] ? default_idle+0xa/0x20
> [ 16.594034] ? default_idle+0xa/0x20
> [ 16.594511] default_idle_call+0xa0/0x370
> [ 16.595028] do_idle+0x3c1/0x570
> [ 16.595462] ? arch_cpu_idle_exit+0x40/0x40
> [ 16.595995] ? lockdep_hardirqs_on_prepare+0x32b/0x4d0
> [ 16.596663] ? _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x39/0x40
> [ 16.597306] cpu_startup_entry+0x19/0x20
> [ 16.597817] start_secondary+0x250/0x2f0
> [ 16.598342] ? set_cpu_sibling_map+0x2430/0x2430
> [ 16.598935] ? start_cpu0+0xc/0xc
> [ 16.599378] secondary_startup_64_no_verify+0xb8/0xbb
> [ 16.600017] Modules linked in: crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul crc32c_intel virtiofs ata_piix ghash_clmulni_intel fuse libata serio_raw e1000(+) sunrpc dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod
> [ 16.602209] ---[ end trace f713527030b9fc6e ]---
> [ 16.602804] RIP: 0010:print_shortest_lock_dependencies.cold.65+0x10b/0x2a4
> [ 16.603695] Code: 41 01 c6 4c 89 e8 48 c1 e8 03 45 01 fe 80 3c 18 00 74 08 4c 89 ef e8 db e2 ac fe 49 8b 45 00 48 8d 78 14 48 89 fa 48 c1 ea 03 <0f> b6 0c 1a 48 89 fa 83 e2 07 83 c2 03 38 ca 7c 08 84 c9 0f 82
> [ 16.606060] RSP: 0018:ffff888a7eb09988 EFLAGS: 00010003
> [ 16.606730] RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: dffffc0000000000 RCX: 0000000000000027
> [ 16.607640] RDX: 0000000000000002 RSI: 0000000000000004 RDI: 0000000000000015
> [ 16.608568] RBP: ffffffffb3dd5888 R08: ffffed114fd640c2 R09: ffffed114fd640c2
> [ 16.609495] R10: ffff888a7eb2060b R11: ffffed114fd640c1 R12: 0000000000000009
> [ 16.610410] R13: ffffffffb3dd5928 R14: 000000000000000f R15: 0000000000000001
> [ 16.611322] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff888a7eb00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 16.612351] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 16.613078] CR2: 00007fdc00f597a0 CR3: 000000091f02e006 CR4: 0000000000770ee0
> [ 16.613980] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> [ 16.614903] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> [ 16.615824] PKRU: 55555554
> [ 16.616177] Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt
> [ 16.617445] Kernel Offset: 0x2e600000 from 0xffffffff81000000 (relocation range: 0xffffffff80000000-0xffffffffbfffffff)
> [ 16.618792] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Fatal exception in interrupt ]---
>

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