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Subject[PATCH v4 12/29] kbuild: lto: fix module versioning
From
With CONFIG_MODVERSIONS, version information is linked into each
compilation unit that exports symbols. With LTO, we cannot use this
method as all C code is compiled into LLVM bitcode instead. This
change collects symbol versions into .symversions files and merges
them in link-vmlinux.sh where they are all linked into vmlinux.o at
the same time.

Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
---
.gitignore | 1 +
Makefile | 3 ++-
arch/Kconfig | 1 -
scripts/Makefile.build | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
scripts/Makefile.modpost | 6 +++++-
scripts/link-vmlinux.sh | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-
6 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 162bd2b67bdf..06e76dc39ffe 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
*.so.dbg
*.su
*.symtypes
+*.symversions
*.tab.[ch]
*.tar
*.xz
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 8e2eaf6452ba..23cdb475c445 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -1827,7 +1827,8 @@ clean: $(clean-dirs)
-o -name '.tmp_*.o.*' \
-o -name '*.c.[012]*.*' \
-o -name '*.ll' \
- -o -name '*.gcno' \) -type f -print | xargs rm -f
+ -o -name '*.gcno' \
+ -o -name '*.*.symversions' \) -type f -print | xargs rm -f

# Generate tags for editors
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 0742ec643d79..520e900efc75 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -603,7 +603,6 @@ config LTO_CLANG
depends on !FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD
depends on !KASAN
depends on !GCOV_KERNEL
- depends on !MODVERSIONS
select LTO
help
This option enables Clang's Link Time Optimization (LTO), which
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.build b/scripts/Makefile.build
index ed74b2f986f7..eae2f5386a03 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.build
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.build
@@ -166,6 +166,15 @@ ifdef CONFIG_MODVERSIONS
# the actual value of the checksum generated by genksyms
# o remove .tmp_<file>.o to <file>.o

+ifdef CONFIG_LTO_CLANG
+# Generate .o.symversions files for each .o with exported symbols, and link these
+# to the kernel and/or modules at the end.
+cmd_modversions_c = \
+ if $(NM) $@ 2>/dev/null | grep -q __ksymtab; then \
+ $(call cmd_gensymtypes_c,$(KBUILD_SYMTYPES),$(@:.o=.symtypes)) \
+ > $@.symversions; \
+ fi;
+else
cmd_modversions_c = \
if $(OBJDUMP) -h $@ | grep -q __ksymtab; then \
$(call cmd_gensymtypes_c,$(KBUILD_SYMTYPES),$(@:.o=.symtypes)) \
@@ -177,6 +186,7 @@ cmd_modversions_c = \
rm -f $(@D)/.tmp_$(@F:.o=.ver); \
fi
endif
+endif

ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_USE_RECORDMCOUNT
# compiler will not generate __mcount_loc use recordmcount or recordmcount.pl
@@ -390,6 +400,18 @@ $(obj)/%.asn1.c $(obj)/%.asn1.h: $(src)/%.asn1 $(objtree)/scripts/asn1_compiler
$(subdir-builtin): $(obj)/%/built-in.a: $(obj)/% ;
$(subdir-modorder): $(obj)/%/modules.order: $(obj)/% ;

+# combine symversions for later processing
+quiet_cmd_update_lto_symversions = SYMVER $@
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_LTO_CLANG) $(CONFIG_MODVERSIONS),y y)
+ cmd_update_lto_symversions = \
+ rm -f $@.symversions \
+ $(foreach n, $(filter-out FORCE,$^), \
+ $(if $(wildcard $(n).symversions), \
+ ; cat $(n).symversions >> $@.symversions))
+else
+ cmd_update_lto_symversions = echo >/dev/null
+endif
+
#
# Rule to compile a set of .o files into one .a file (without symbol table)
#
@@ -397,8 +419,11 @@ $(subdir-modorder): $(obj)/%/modules.order: $(obj)/% ;
quiet_cmd_ar_builtin = AR $@
cmd_ar_builtin = rm -f $@; $(AR) cDPrST $@ $(real-prereqs)

+quiet_cmd_ar_and_symver = AR $@
+ cmd_ar_and_symver = $(cmd_update_lto_symversions); $(cmd_ar_builtin)
+
$(obj)/built-in.a: $(real-obj-y) FORCE
- $(call if_changed,ar_builtin)
+ $(call if_changed,ar_and_symver)

#
# Rule to create modules.order file
@@ -418,8 +443,11 @@ $(obj)/modules.order: $(obj-m) FORCE
#
# Rule to compile a set of .o files into one .a file (with symbol table)
#
+quiet_cmd_ar_lib = AR $@
+ cmd_ar_lib = $(cmd_update_lto_symversions); $(cmd_ar)
+
$(obj)/lib.a: $(lib-y) FORCE
- $(call if_changed,ar)
+ $(call if_changed,ar_lib)

# NOTE:
# Do not replace $(filter %.o,^) with $(real-prereqs). When a single object
@@ -428,6 +456,7 @@ $(obj)/lib.a: $(lib-y) FORCE
ifdef CONFIG_LTO_CLANG
quiet_cmd_link_multi-m = AR [M] $@
cmd_link_multi-m = \
+ $(cmd_update_lto_symversions); \
rm -f $@; \
$(AR) cDPrsT $@ $(filter %.o,$^)
else
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.modpost b/scripts/Makefile.modpost
index 66e0c256403c..753725b88683 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.modpost
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.modpost
@@ -108,7 +108,11 @@ ifdef CONFIG_LTO_CLANG
prelink-ext = .lto

quiet_cmd_cc_lto_link_modules = LTO [M] $@
-cmd_cc_lto_link_modules = $(LD) $(ld_flags) -r -o $@ --whole-archive $^
+cmd_cc_lto_link_modules = \
+ $(LD) $(ld_flags) -r -o $@ \
+ $(shell [ -s $(@:.lto.o=.o.symversions) ] && \
+ echo -T $(@:.lto.o=.o.symversions)) \
+ --whole-archive $^

%.lto.o: %.o
$(call if_changed,cc_lto_link_modules)
diff --git a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
index ebb9f912aab6..3e99a19b9195 100755
--- a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
+++ b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
@@ -43,11 +43,28 @@ info()
fi
}

+# If CONFIG_LTO_CLANG is selected, collect generated symbol versions into
+# .tmp_symversions.lds
+gen_symversions()
+{
+ info GEN .tmp_symversions.lds
+ rm -f .tmp_symversions.lds
+
+ for a in ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS} ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_LIBS}; do
+ for o in $(${AR} t $a 2>/dev/null); do
+ if [ -f ${o}.symversions ]; then
+ cat ${o}.symversions >> .tmp_symversions.lds
+ fi
+ done
+ done
+}
+
# Link of vmlinux.o used for section mismatch analysis
# ${1} output file
modpost_link()
{
local objects
+ local lds=""

objects="--whole-archive \
${KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS} \
@@ -57,6 +74,11 @@ modpost_link()
--end-group"

if [ -n "${CONFIG_LTO_CLANG}" ]; then
+ if [ -n "${CONFIG_MODVERSIONS}" ]; then
+ gen_symversions
+ lds="${lds} -T .tmp_symversions.lds"
+ fi
+
# This might take a while, so indicate that we're doing
# an LTO link
info LTO ${1}
@@ -64,7 +86,7 @@ modpost_link()
info LD ${1}
fi

- ${LD} ${KBUILD_LDFLAGS} -r -o ${1} ${objects}
+ ${LD} ${KBUILD_LDFLAGS} -r -o ${1} ${lds} ${objects}
}

objtool_link()
@@ -242,6 +264,7 @@ cleanup()
{
rm -f .btf.*
rm -f .tmp_System.map
+ rm -f .tmp_symversions.lds
rm -f .tmp_vmlinux*
rm -f System.map
rm -f vmlinux
--
2.28.0.709.gb0816b6eb0-goog
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