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SubjectRe: [PATCH] target/i386: add -cpu,lbr=true support to enable guest LBR
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Hi Eduardo,

On 2020/9/28 23:41, Eduardo Habkost wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 28, 2020 at 10:51:03PM +0800, Xu, Like wrote:
>> Hi Eduardo,
>>
>> Thanks for your detailed review.
>>
>> On 2020/9/25 6:05, Eduardo Habkost wrote:
>>> I've just noticed this on my review queue (apologies for the long
>>> delay). Comments below:
>>>
>>> On Sun, Jul 26, 2020 at 11:32:20PM +0800, Like Xu wrote:
>>>> The LBR feature would be enabled on the guest if:
>>>> - the KVM is enabled and the PMU is enabled and,
>>>> - the msr-based-feature IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES is supporterd and,
>>>> - the supported returned value for lbr_fmt from this msr is not zero.
>>>>
>>>> The LBR feature would be disabled on the guest if:
>>>> - the msr-based-feature IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES is unsupporterd OR,
>>>> - qemu set the IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES msr feature without lbr_fmt values OR,
>>>> - the requested guest vcpu model doesn't support PDCM.
>>>>
>>>> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
>>>> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
>>>> Cc: Eduardo Habkost <ehabkost@redhat.com>
>>>> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
>>>> Cc: Marcel Apfelbaum <marcel.apfelbaum@gmail.com>
>>>> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com>
>>>> Cc: qemu-devel@nongnu.org
>>>> Signed-off-by: Like Xu <like.xu@linux.intel.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> hw/i386/pc.c | 1 +
>>>> target/i386/cpu.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
>>>> target/i386/cpu.h | 2 ++
>>>> target/i386/kvm.c | 7 ++++++-
>>>> 4 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/hw/i386/pc.c b/hw/i386/pc.c
>>>> index 3d419d5991..857aff75bb 100644
>>>> --- a/hw/i386/pc.c
>>>> +++ b/hw/i386/pc.c
>>>> @@ -318,6 +318,7 @@ GlobalProperty pc_compat_1_5[] = {
>>>> { "Nehalem-" TYPE_X86_CPU, "min-level", "2" },
>>>> { "virtio-net-pci", "any_layout", "off" },
>>>> { TYPE_X86_CPU, "pmu", "on" },
>>>> + { TYPE_X86_CPU, "lbr", "on" },
>>> Why is this line here?
>> I'll remove it.
>>>> { "i440FX-pcihost", "short_root_bus", "0" },
>>>> { "q35-pcihost", "short_root_bus", "0" },
>>>> };
>>>> diff --git a/target/i386/cpu.c b/target/i386/cpu.c
>>>> index 588f32e136..c803994887 100644
>>>> --- a/target/i386/cpu.c
>>>> +++ b/target/i386/cpu.c
>>>> @@ -1142,8 +1142,8 @@ static FeatureWordInfo feature_word_info[FEATURE_WORDS] = {
>>>> [FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES] = {
>>>> .type = MSR_FEATURE_WORD,
>>>> .feat_names = {
>>>> - NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
>>>> - NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
>>>> + "lbr-fmt-bit-0", "lbr-fmt-bit-1", "lbr-fmt-bit-2", "lbr-fmt-bit-3",
>>>> + "lbr-fmt-bit-4", "lbr-fmt-bit-5", NULL, NULL,
>>> What about a separate "lbr-fmt" int property instead of
>>> individual bit properties?
>> I'm not sure if you mean adding a "separate lbr-fmt int property"
>> like "uint64_t tcg_features" to 'struct FeatureWordInfo'.
>>
>> Would you mind providing more implementation hints,
>> considering the PEBS_FMT will be added later ?
> You can add a regular uint8_t field to X86CPU, use
> DEFINE_PROP_UINT8 at x86_cpu_properties[], and just validate/copy
> the bits to cpu->features[FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES][bits 0:5] on
> x86_cpu_realizefn().
>
Thanks, I'll apply it and enable "-cpu,lbr-fmt=*" from command line.
>>> What happens if LBR_FMT on the host (returned by
>>> kvm_arch_get_supported_msr_feature(MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES) is
>>> different than the one configured for the guest?
>> To enable guest LBR, guest LBR_FMT must be the same as host LBR_FMT.
>>> Can KVM emulate
>>> a CPU with different LBR_FMT, or it must match the host?
>> It must match the host since the LBR registers are model specified.
> OK, this means the value set in cpu->features[] need to be
> validated against the host in x86_cpu_filter_features().
>
> It can be similar to what's done for intel-pt bits, but instead
> of comparing to constants (the intel-pt bits in CPUID are
> constant today), you can compare the host value with
> cpu->features[FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES].
I assume you mean
    env->features[FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES]
for
    cpu->features[FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES].

Thanks, I'll apply it.
>
> Maybe a FeatureWordInfo.validate_feature(X86CPU *, FeatureWord)
> callback could be added, so we could just define separate
> validation functions for each feature word, to be called
> automatically by x86_cpu_filter_features(). This could be done
> as a follow-up patch, though.
Sure, let me see if there is extra value in adding separate
verification functions for each feature word.
>
>
>>> If LBR_FMT must always match the host, the feature needs to block
>>> live migration.
>> It's migrable enough of the perf cap LBR version matches,
>> don't need full model number match.
> As long as the requirements are validated inside
> x86_cpu_filter_features(), it should be OK to make it migratable.
Thanks.
>
>> For example it's fine to migrate from SKY to CLX.
>>> I guess this is already the case because PDCM is
>>> cleared if !cpu->enable_pmu. Adding PDCM to .unmigratable_flags
>>> is probably a good idea, though.
>> I'm trying to make LBR migration-friendly as much as possible w/ your help.
>>
>> If Arch LBR is enabled for SPR guest, the situation will be different
>> hence adding PDCM to .unmigratable_flags may not help it.
> OK, in this case forget what I said about setting it on
> .unmigratable_flags. The constraints for making the feature
> migratable should be same ones mentioned for intel-pt at:
> https://lore.kernel.org/qemu-devel/20200923141502.GO2044576@habkost.net/
Thanks for clarification.

Please let me know if the v2 patch doesn't follow you guide:
https://lore.kernel.org/qemu-devel/20200929061217.118440-1-like.xu@linux.intel.com/

>
>
>>>
>>>
>>>> NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
>>>> NULL, "full-width-write", NULL, NULL,
>>>> NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL,
>>>> @@ -4224,6 +4224,12 @@ static bool lmce_supported(void)
>>>> return !!(mce_cap & MCG_LMCE_P);
>>>> }
>>>> +static inline bool lbr_supported(void)
>>>> +{
>>>> + return kvm_enabled() && (kvm_arch_get_supported_msr_feature(kvm_state,
>>>> + MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES) & PERF_CAP_LBR_FMT);
>>>> +}
>>> You can rewrite this is an accelerator-independent way as:
>>> (x86_cpu_get_supported_feature_word(FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES) & PERF_CAP_LBR_FMT)
>> Thanks, I'll apply it.
>>> However, is this really supposed to return false if LBR_FMT is 000000?
>> I think it's fine to return false if LBR_FMT is 000000.
> Don't we want to support hosts that have PDCM
> (CPUID[1].ECX[bit 15]) = 1 and
> IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES.LBR_FMT[bits 5:0] = 000000 ?
Real hardware may always has PDCM and non-zero LBR_FMT.

If we are talking about supporting guest with PDCM and zero LBR_FMT,
it has been supported due to the present of "full-width-write" bit.
>
>>>> +
>>>> #define CPUID_MODEL_ID_SZ 48
>>>> /**
>>>> @@ -4327,6 +4333,9 @@ static void max_x86_cpu_initfn(Object *obj)
>>>> }
>>>> object_property_set_bool(OBJECT(cpu), "pmu", true, &error_abort);
>>>> + if (lbr_supported()) {
>>>> + object_property_set_bool(OBJECT(cpu), "lbr", true, &error_abort);
>>> Why is this necessary?
>>>
>>> If kvm_arch_get_supported_msr_feature(MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES)
>>> return the PERF_CAP_LBR_FMT bits set,
>>> x86_cpu_get_supported_feature_word() will return those bits, and
>>> they will be automatically set at
>>> env->features[FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES].
>> Thanks, I'll remove it.
>>>> + }
>>>> }
>>>> static const TypeInfo max_x86_cpu_type_info = {
>>>> @@ -5535,6 +5544,10 @@ void cpu_x86_cpuid(CPUX86State *env, uint32_t index, uint32_t count,
>>>> }
>>>> if (!cpu->enable_pmu) {
>>>> *ecx &= ~CPUID_EXT_PDCM;
>>>> + if (cpu->enable_lbr) {
>>>> + warn_report("LBR is unsupported since guest PMU is disabled.");
>>>> + exit(1);
>>>> + }
>>>> }
>>>> break;
>>>> case 2:
>>>> @@ -6553,6 +6566,12 @@ static void x86_cpu_realizefn(DeviceState *dev, Error **errp)
>>>> }
>>>> }
>>>> + if (!cpu->max_features && cpu->enable_lbr &&
>>> Why do we need to check for !cpu->max_features here?
>> I'll remove it.
>>>> + !(env->features[FEAT_1_ECX] & CPUID_EXT_PDCM)) {
>>>> + warn_report("requested vcpu model doesn't support PDCM for LBR.");
>>>> + exit(1);
>>> Please report errors using error_setg(errp, ...) instead.
>> I'll apply it.
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> if (cpu->ucode_rev == 0) {
>>>> /* The default is the same as KVM's. */
>>>> if (IS_AMD_CPU(env)) {
>>>> @@ -7187,6 +7206,7 @@ static Property x86_cpu_properties[] = {
>>>> #endif
>>>> DEFINE_PROP_INT32("node-id", X86CPU, node_id, CPU_UNSET_NUMA_NODE_ID),
>>>> DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("pmu", X86CPU, enable_pmu, false),
>>>> + DEFINE_PROP_BOOL("lbr", X86CPU, enable_lbr, false),
>>> When exactly do we want to set lbr=off explicitly? What's the
>>> expected outcome when lbr=off?
>> We set pmu=off explicitly, so does lbr=off.
>>
>> When set lbr=off, the LBR-related registers accesses from guest bring #GP
>> and expected outcome is just like pmu=off.
> How are those registers enumerated? Maybe I'm looking at an
> outdated version of the Intel SDM or I couldn't find the right
> section.
For model-specified LBR, please refer to:

    17.4 LAST BRANCH, INTERRUPT, AND EXCEPTION RECORDING OVERVIEW

For Architecture LBR, please refer to:

CHAPTER 7 ARCHITECTURAL LAST BRANCH RECORDS (LBRS)

    in the "JUNE 2020" of Intel® Architecture Instruction Set Extensions \
    and Future Features Programming Reference

Or, you can also ask me for any relevant details.

Thanks,
Like Xu

>>>> DEFINE_PROP_UINT32("hv-spinlocks", X86CPU, hyperv_spinlock_attempts,
>>>> HYPERV_SPINLOCK_NEVER_RETRY),
>>>> diff --git a/target/i386/cpu.h b/target/i386/cpu.h
>>>> index e1a5c174dc..a059913e26 100644
>>>> --- a/target/i386/cpu.h
>>>> +++ b/target/i386/cpu.h
>>>> @@ -357,6 +357,7 @@ typedef enum X86Seg {
>>>> #define ARCH_CAP_TSX_CTRL_MSR (1<<7)
>>>> #define MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES 0x345
>>>> +#define PERF_CAP_LBR_FMT 0x3f
>>>> #define MSR_IA32_TSX_CTRL 0x122
>>>> #define MSR_IA32_TSCDEADLINE 0x6e0
>>>> @@ -1702,6 +1703,7 @@ struct X86CPU {
>>>> * capabilities) directly to the guest.
>>>> */
>>>> bool enable_pmu;
>>>> + bool enable_lbr;
>>> This is a good place to document what enable_lbr=true|false
>>> means (see questions above).
>>>
>> I'll document it here.
>>>> /* LMCE support can be enabled/disabled via cpu option 'lmce=on/off'. It is
>>>> * disabled by default to avoid breaking migration between QEMU with
>>>> diff --git a/target/i386/kvm.c b/target/i386/kvm.c
>>>> index b8455c89ed..feb33d5472 100644
>>>> --- a/target/i386/kvm.c
>>>> +++ b/target/i386/kvm.c
>>>> @@ -2690,8 +2690,10 @@ static void kvm_msr_entry_add_perf(X86CPU *cpu, FeatureWordArray f)
>>>> uint64_t kvm_perf_cap =
>>>> kvm_arch_get_supported_msr_feature(kvm_state,
>>>> MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES);
>>>> -
>>>> if (kvm_perf_cap) {
>>>> + if (!cpu->enable_lbr) {
>>>> + kvm_perf_cap &= ~PERF_CAP_LBR_FMT;
>>>> + }
>>> Why is this necessary? If enable_lbr is false,
>>> f[FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES] should not have those bits set at all.
>> I'll remove it.
>>>> kvm_msr_entry_add(cpu, MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES,
>>>> kvm_perf_cap & f[FEAT_PERF_CAPABILITIES]);
>>>> }
>>>> @@ -2731,6 +2733,9 @@ static void kvm_init_msrs(X86CPU *cpu)
>>>> if (has_msr_perf_capabs && cpu->enable_pmu) {
>>>> kvm_msr_entry_add_perf(cpu, env->features);
>>>> + } else if (!has_msr_perf_capabs && cpu->enable_lbr) {
>>>> + warn_report("KVM doesn't support MSR_IA32_PERF_CAPABILITIES for LBR.");
>>>> + exit(1);
>>> This is not the appropriate place to check for unsupported
>>> features. x86_cpu_realizefn() and/or x86_cpu_filter_features()
>>> is.
>> Thanks, I'll apply it in the x86_cpu_filter_features().
>>
>> Please let me if you have more comments.
>>
>> Thanks,
>> Like Xu
>>>> }
>>>> if (has_msr_ucode_rev) {
>>>> --
>>>> 2.21.3
>>>>

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