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Subject[RFC PATCH v2 01/30] mm/pagewalk: use READ_ONCE when reading the PUD entry unlocked
Date
From: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>

The pagewalker runs while only holding the mmap_sem for read. The pud can
be set asynchronously, while also holding the mmap_sem for read

eg from:

handle_mm_fault()
__handle_mm_fault()
create_huge_pmd()
dev_dax_huge_fault()
__dev_dax_pud_fault()
vmf_insert_pfn_pud()
insert_pfn_pud()
pud_lock()
set_pud_at()

At least x86 sets the PUD using WRITE_ONCE(), so an unlocked read of
unstable data should be paired to use READ_ONCE().

For the pagewalker to work locklessly the PUD must work similarly to the
PMD: once the PUD entry becomes a pointer to a PMD, it must be stable, and
safe to pass to pmd_offset()

Passing the value from READ_ONCE into the callbacks prevents the callers
from seeing inconsistencies after they re-read, such as seeing pud_none().

If a callback does obtain the pud_lock then it should trigger ACTION_AGAIN
if a data race caused the original value to change.

Use the same pattern as gup_pmd_range() and pass in the address of the
local READ_ONCE stack variable to pmd_offset() to avoid reading it again.

Signed-off-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@nvidia.com>
---
include/linux/pagewalk.h | 2 +-
mm/hmm.c | 16 +++++++---------
mm/mapping_dirty_helpers.c | 6 ++----
mm/pagewalk.c | 28 ++++++++++++++++------------
mm/ptdump.c | 3 +--
5 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/pagewalk.h b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
index b1cb6b753abb..6caf28aadafb 100644
--- a/include/linux/pagewalk.h
+++ b/include/linux/pagewalk.h
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ struct mm_walk_ops {
unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
int (*p4d_entry)(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
- int (*pud_entry)(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
+ int (*pud_entry)(pud_t pud, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
int (*pmd_entry)(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk);
diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
index 943cb2ba4442..419e9e50fd51 100644
--- a/mm/hmm.c
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -402,28 +402,26 @@ static inline unsigned long pud_to_hmm_pfn_flags(struct hmm_range *range,
hmm_pfn_flags_order(PUD_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
}

-static int hmm_vma_walk_pud(pud_t *pudp, unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
- struct mm_walk *walk)
+static int hmm_vma_walk_pud(pud_t pud, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk)
{
struct hmm_vma_walk *hmm_vma_walk = walk->private;
struct hmm_range *range = hmm_vma_walk->range;
unsigned long addr = start;
- pud_t pud;
int ret = 0;
spinlock_t *ptl = pud_trans_huge_lock(pudp, walk->vma);

if (!ptl)
return 0;
+ if (memcmp(pudp, &pud, sizeof(pud)) != 0) {
+ walk->action = ACTION_AGAIN;
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ return 0;
+ }

/* Normally we don't want to split the huge page */
walk->action = ACTION_CONTINUE;

- pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
- if (pud_none(pud)) {
- spin_unlock(ptl);
- return hmm_vma_walk_hole(start, end, -1, walk);
- }
-
if (pud_huge(pud) && pud_devmap(pud)) {
unsigned long i, npages, pfn;
unsigned int required_fault;
diff --git a/mm/mapping_dirty_helpers.c b/mm/mapping_dirty_helpers.c
index 2c7d03675903..9fc46ebef497 100644
--- a/mm/mapping_dirty_helpers.c
+++ b/mm/mapping_dirty_helpers.c
@@ -150,11 +150,9 @@ static int wp_clean_pmd_entry(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
* causes dirty info loss. The pagefault handler should do
* that if needed.
*/
-static int wp_clean_pud_entry(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
- struct mm_walk *walk)
+static int wp_clean_pud_entry(pud_t pudval, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
+ unsigned long end, struct mm_walk *walk)
{
- pud_t pudval = READ_ONCE(*pud);
-
if (!pud_trans_unstable(&pudval))
return 0;

diff --git a/mm/pagewalk.c b/mm/pagewalk.c
index e81640d9f177..15d1e423b4a3 100644
--- a/mm/pagewalk.c
+++ b/mm/pagewalk.c
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ static int walk_pte_range(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
return err;
}

-static int walk_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
+static int walk_pmd_range(pud_t pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
struct mm_walk *walk)
{
pmd_t *pmd;
@@ -67,7 +67,7 @@ static int walk_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
int err = 0;
int depth = real_depth(3);

- pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
+ pmd = pmd_offset(&pud, addr);
do {
again:
next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
@@ -119,17 +119,19 @@ static int walk_pmd_range(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
struct mm_walk *walk)
{
- pud_t *pud;
+ pud_t *pudp;
+ pud_t pud;
unsigned long next;
const struct mm_walk_ops *ops = walk->ops;
int err = 0;
int depth = real_depth(2);

- pud = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
+ pudp = pud_offset(p4d, addr);
do {
again:
+ pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
- if (pud_none(*pud) || (!walk->vma && !walk->no_vma)) {
+ if (pud_none(pud) || (!walk->vma && !walk->no_vma)) {
if (ops->pte_hole)
err = ops->pte_hole(addr, next, depth, walk);
if (err)
@@ -140,27 +142,29 @@ static int walk_pud_range(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
walk->action = ACTION_SUBTREE;

if (ops->pud_entry)
- err = ops->pud_entry(pud, addr, next, walk);
+ err = ops->pud_entry(pud, pudp, addr, next, walk);
if (err)
break;

if (walk->action == ACTION_AGAIN)
goto again;

- if ((!walk->vma && (pud_leaf(*pud) || !pud_present(*pud))) ||
+ if ((!walk->vma && (pud_leaf(pud) || !pud_present(pud))) ||
walk->action == ACTION_CONTINUE ||
!(ops->pmd_entry || ops->pte_entry))
continue;

- if (walk->vma)
- split_huge_pud(walk->vma, pud, addr);
- if (pud_none(*pud))
- goto again;
+ if (walk->vma) {
+ split_huge_pud(walk->vma, pudp, addr);
+ pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+ if (pud_none(pud))
+ goto again;
+ }

err = walk_pmd_range(pud, addr, next, walk);
if (err)
break;
- } while (pud++, addr = next, addr != end);
+ } while (pudp++, addr = next, addr != end);

return err;
}
diff --git a/mm/ptdump.c b/mm/ptdump.c
index ba88ec43ff21..2055b940408e 100644
--- a/mm/ptdump.c
+++ b/mm/ptdump.c
@@ -65,11 +65,10 @@ static int ptdump_p4d_entry(p4d_t *p4d, unsigned long addr,
return 0;
}

-static int ptdump_pud_entry(pud_t *pud, unsigned long addr,
+static int ptdump_pud_entry(pud_t val, pud_t *pudp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long next, struct mm_walk *walk)
{
struct ptdump_state *st = walk->private;
- pud_t val = READ_ONCE(*pud);

#if CONFIG_PGTABLE_LEVELS > 2 && defined(CONFIG_KASAN)
if (pud_page(val) == virt_to_page(lm_alias(kasan_early_shadow_pmd)))
--
2.28.0
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