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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4.19 38/92] kprobes: Fix NULL pointer dereference at kprobe_ftrace_handler
On Thu, 20 Aug 2020 at 15:23, Greg Kroah-Hartman
<gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
>
> From: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
>
> commit 0cb2f1372baa60af8456388a574af6133edd7d80 upstream.
>
> We found a case of kernel panic on our server. The stack trace is as
> follows(omit some irrelevant information):
>
> BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 0000000000000080
> RIP: 0010:kprobe_ftrace_handler+0x5e/0xe0
> RSP: 0018:ffffb512c6550998 EFLAGS: 00010282
> RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff8e9d16eea018 RCX: 0000000000000000
> RDX: ffffffffbe1179c0 RSI: ffffffffc0535564 RDI: ffffffffc0534ec0
> RBP: ffffffffc0534ec1 R08: ffff8e9d1bbb0f00 R09: 0000000000000004
> R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
> R13: ffff8e9d1f797060 R14: 000000000000bacc R15: ffff8e9ce13eca00
> CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> CR2: 0000000000000080 CR3: 00000008453d0005 CR4: 00000000003606e0
> DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> Call Trace:
> <IRQ>
> ftrace_ops_assist_func+0x56/0xe0
> ftrace_call+0x5/0x34
> tcpa_statistic_send+0x5/0x130 [ttcp_engine]
>
> The tcpa_statistic_send is the function being kprobed. After analysis,
> the root cause is that the fourth parameter regs of kprobe_ftrace_handler
> is NULL. Why regs is NULL? We use the crash tool to analyze the kdump.
>
> crash> dis tcpa_statistic_send -r
> <tcpa_statistic_send>: callq 0xffffffffbd8018c0 <ftrace_caller>
>
> The tcpa_statistic_send calls ftrace_caller instead of ftrace_regs_caller.
> So it is reasonable that the fourth parameter regs of kprobe_ftrace_handler
> is NULL. In theory, we should call the ftrace_regs_caller instead of the
> ftrace_caller. After in-depth analysis, we found a reproducible path.
>
> Writing a simple kernel module which starts a periodic timer. The
> timer's handler is named 'kprobe_test_timer_handler'. The module
> name is kprobe_test.ko.
>
> 1) insmod kprobe_test.ko
> 2) bpftrace -e 'kretprobe:kprobe_test_timer_handler {}'
> 3) echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/ftrace_enabled
> 4) rmmod kprobe_test
> 5) stop step 2) kprobe
> 6) insmod kprobe_test.ko
> 7) bpftrace -e 'kretprobe:kprobe_test_timer_handler {}'
>
> We mark the kprobe as GONE but not disarm the kprobe in the step 4).
> The step 5) also do not disarm the kprobe when unregister kprobe. So
> we do not remove the ip from the filter. In this case, when the module
> loads again in the step 6), we will replace the code to ftrace_caller
> via the ftrace_module_enable(). When we register kprobe again, we will
> not replace ftrace_caller to ftrace_regs_caller because the ftrace is
> disabled in the step 3). So the step 7) will trigger kernel panic. Fix
> this problem by disarming the kprobe when the module is going away.
>
> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200728064536.24405-1-songmuchun@bytedance.com
>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> Fixes: ae6aa16fdc16 ("kprobes: introduce ftrace based optimization")
> Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
> Co-developed-by: Chengming Zhou <zhouchengming@bytedance.com>
> Signed-off-by: Chengming Zhou <zhouchengming@bytedance.com>
> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>


stable rc branch 4.19 build warning on arm64.

../kernel/kprobes.c: In function ‘kill_kprobe’:
../kernel/kprobes.c:1070:33: warning: statement with no effect [-Wunused-value]
1070 | #define disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p) (-ENODEV)
| ^
../kernel/kprobes.c:2090:3: note: in expansion of macro ‘disarm_kprobe_ftrace’
2090 | disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p);
| ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


>
> ---
> kernel/kprobes.c | 7 +++++++
> 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)
>
> --- a/kernel/kprobes.c
> +++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
> @@ -2077,6 +2077,13 @@ static void kill_kprobe(struct kprobe *p
> * the original probed function (which will be freed soon) any more.
> */
> arch_remove_kprobe(p);
> +
> + /*
> + * The module is going away. We should disarm the kprobe which
> + * is using ftrace.
> + */
> + if (kprobe_ftrace(p))
> + disarm_kprobe_ftrace(p);
> }
>
> /* Disable one kprobe */
>


--
Linaro LKFT
https://lkft.linaro.org

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