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Subject[PATCH v5 13/17] device-dax: introduce 'mapping' devices
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Date
In support of interrogating the physical address layout of a device with
dis-contiguous ranges, introduce a sysfs directory with 'start', 'end',
and 'page_offset' attributes. The alternative is trying to parse
/proc/iomem, and that file will not reflect the extent layout until the
device is enabled.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/159643104819.4062302.13691281391423291589.stgit@dwillia2-desk3.amr.corp.intel.com
Cc: Joao Martins <joao.m.martins@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
---
drivers/dax/bus.c | 191 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/dax/dax-private.h | 14 +++
2 files changed, 203 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/dax/bus.c b/drivers/dax/bus.c
index 06a789aba58a..005fa3e6d41c 100644
--- a/drivers/dax/bus.c
+++ b/drivers/dax/bus.c
@@ -579,6 +579,167 @@ struct dax_region *alloc_dax_region(struct device *parent, int region_id,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(alloc_dax_region);

+static void dax_mapping_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct dax_mapping *mapping = to_dax_mapping(dev);
+ struct dev_dax *dev_dax = to_dev_dax(dev->parent);
+
+ ida_free(&dev_dax->ida, mapping->id);
+ kfree(mapping);
+}
+
+static void unregister_dax_mapping(void *data)
+{
+ struct device *dev = data;
+ struct dax_mapping *mapping = to_dax_mapping(dev);
+ struct dev_dax *dev_dax = to_dev_dax(dev->parent);
+ struct dax_region *dax_region = dev_dax->region;
+
+ dev_dbg(dev, "%s\n", __func__);
+
+ device_lock_assert(dax_region->dev);
+
+ dev_dax->ranges[mapping->range_id].mapping = NULL;
+ mapping->range_id = -1;
+
+ device_del(dev);
+ put_device(dev);
+}
+
+static struct dev_dax_range *get_dax_range(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct dax_mapping *mapping = to_dax_mapping(dev);
+ struct dev_dax *dev_dax = to_dev_dax(dev->parent);
+ struct dax_region *dax_region = dev_dax->region;
+
+ device_lock(dax_region->dev);
+ if (mapping->range_id < 0) {
+ device_unlock(dax_region->dev);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+
+ return &dev_dax->ranges[mapping->range_id];
+}
+
+static void put_dax_range(struct dev_dax_range *dax_range)
+{
+ struct dax_mapping *mapping = dax_range->mapping;
+ struct dev_dax *dev_dax = to_dev_dax(mapping->dev.parent);
+ struct dax_region *dax_region = dev_dax->region;
+
+ device_unlock(dax_region->dev);
+}
+
+static ssize_t start_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct dev_dax_range *dax_range;
+ ssize_t rc;
+
+ dax_range = get_dax_range(dev);
+ if (!dax_range)
+ return -ENXIO;
+ rc = sprintf(buf, "%#llx\n", dax_range->range.start);
+ put_dax_range(dax_range);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(start, 0400, start_show, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t end_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct dev_dax_range *dax_range;
+ ssize_t rc;
+
+ dax_range = get_dax_range(dev);
+ if (!dax_range)
+ return -ENXIO;
+ rc = sprintf(buf, "%#llx\n", dax_range->range.end);
+ put_dax_range(dax_range);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(end, 0400, end_show, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t pgoff_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct dev_dax_range *dax_range;
+ ssize_t rc;
+
+ dax_range = get_dax_range(dev);
+ if (!dax_range)
+ return -ENXIO;
+ rc = sprintf(buf, "%#lx\n", dax_range->pgoff);
+ put_dax_range(dax_range);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR(page_offset, 0400, pgoff_show, NULL);
+
+static struct attribute *dax_mapping_attributes[] = {
+ &dev_attr_start.attr,
+ &dev_attr_end.attr,
+ &dev_attr_page_offset.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group dax_mapping_attribute_group = {
+ .attrs = dax_mapping_attributes,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *dax_mapping_attribute_groups[] = {
+ &dax_mapping_attribute_group,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static struct device_type dax_mapping_type = {
+ .release = dax_mapping_release,
+ .groups = dax_mapping_attribute_groups,
+};
+
+static int devm_register_dax_mapping(struct dev_dax *dev_dax, int range_id)
+{
+ struct dax_region *dax_region = dev_dax->region;
+ struct dax_mapping *mapping;
+ struct device *dev;
+ int rc;
+
+ device_lock_assert(dax_region->dev);
+
+ if (dev_WARN_ONCE(&dev_dax->dev, !dax_region->dev->driver,
+ "region disabled\n"))
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ mapping = kzalloc(sizeof(*mapping), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!mapping)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ mapping->range_id = range_id;
+ mapping->id = ida_alloc(&dev_dax->ida, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (mapping->id < 0) {
+ kfree(mapping);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ dev_dax->ranges[range_id].mapping = mapping;
+ dev = &mapping->dev;
+ device_initialize(dev);
+ dev->parent = &dev_dax->dev;
+ dev->type = &dax_mapping_type;
+ dev_set_name(dev, "mapping%d", mapping->id);
+ rc = device_add(dev);
+ if (rc) {
+ put_device(dev);
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ rc = devm_add_action_or_reset(dax_region->dev, unregister_dax_mapping,
+ dev);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+ return 0;
+}
+
static int alloc_dev_dax_range(struct dev_dax *dev_dax, u64 start,
resource_size_t size)
{
@@ -588,7 +749,7 @@ static int alloc_dev_dax_range(struct dev_dax *dev_dax, u64 start,
struct dev_dax_range *ranges;
unsigned long pgoff = 0;
struct resource *alloc;
- int i;
+ int i, rc;

device_lock_assert(dax_region->dev);

@@ -633,6 +794,22 @@ static int alloc_dev_dax_range(struct dev_dax *dev_dax, u64 start,

dev_dbg(dev, "alloc range[%d]: %pa:%pa\n", dev_dax->nr_range - 1,
&alloc->start, &alloc->end);
+ /*
+ * A dev_dax instance must be registered before mapping device
+ * children can be added. Defer to devm_create_dev_dax() to add
+ * the initial mapping device.
+ */
+ if (!device_is_registered(&dev_dax->dev))
+ return 0;
+
+ rc = devm_register_dax_mapping(dev_dax, dev_dax->nr_range - 1);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_dbg(dev, "delete range[%d]: %pa:%pa\n", dev_dax->nr_range - 1,
+ &alloc->start, &alloc->end);
+ dev_dax->nr_range--;
+ __release_region(res, alloc->start, resource_size(alloc));
+ return rc;
+ }

return 0;
}
@@ -701,11 +878,14 @@ static int dev_dax_shrink(struct dev_dax *dev_dax, resource_size_t size)

for (i = dev_dax->nr_range - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
struct range *range = &dev_dax->ranges[i].range;
+ struct dax_mapping *mapping = dev_dax->ranges[i].mapping;
struct resource *adjust = NULL, *res;
resource_size_t shrink;

shrink = min_t(u64, to_shrink, range_len(range));
if (shrink >= range_len(range)) {
+ devm_release_action(dax_region->dev,
+ unregister_dax_mapping, &mapping->dev);
__release_region(&dax_region->res, range->start,
range_len(range));
dev_dax->nr_range--;
@@ -1036,9 +1216,9 @@ struct dev_dax *devm_create_dev_dax(struct dev_dax_data *data)
/* a device_dax instance is dead while the driver is not attached */
kill_dax(dax_dev);

- /* from here on we're committed to teardown via dev_dax_release() */
dev_dax->dax_dev = dax_dev;
dev_dax->target_node = dax_region->target_node;
+ ida_init(&dev_dax->ida);
kref_get(&dax_region->kref);

inode = dax_inode(dax_dev);
@@ -1061,6 +1241,13 @@ struct dev_dax *devm_create_dev_dax(struct dev_dax_data *data)
if (rc)
return ERR_PTR(rc);

+ /* register mapping device for the initial allocation range */
+ if (dev_dax->nr_range && range_len(&dev_dax->ranges[0].range)) {
+ rc = devm_register_dax_mapping(dev_dax, 0);
+ if (rc)
+ return ERR_PTR(rc);
+ }
+
return dev_dax;

err_alloc_dax:
diff --git a/drivers/dax/dax-private.h b/drivers/dax/dax-private.h
index f863287107fd..13780f62b95e 100644
--- a/drivers/dax/dax-private.h
+++ b/drivers/dax/dax-private.h
@@ -40,6 +40,12 @@ struct dax_region {
struct device *youngest;
};

+struct dax_mapping {
+ struct device dev;
+ int range_id;
+ int id;
+};
+
/**
* struct dev_dax - instance data for a subdivision of a dax region, and
* data while the device is activated in the driver.
@@ -47,6 +53,7 @@ struct dax_region {
* @dax_dev - core dax functionality
* @target_node: effective numa node if dev_dax memory range is onlined
* @id: ida allocated id
+ * @ida: mapping id allocator
* @dev - device core
* @pgmap - pgmap for memmap setup / lifetime (driver owned)
* @nr_range: size of @ranges
@@ -57,12 +64,14 @@ struct dev_dax {
struct dax_device *dax_dev;
int target_node;
int id;
+ struct ida ida;
struct device dev;
struct dev_pagemap *pgmap;
int nr_range;
struct dev_dax_range {
unsigned long pgoff;
struct range range;
+ struct dax_mapping *mapping;
} *ranges;
};

@@ -70,4 +79,9 @@ static inline struct dev_dax *to_dev_dax(struct device *dev)
{
return container_of(dev, struct dev_dax, dev);
}
+
+static inline struct dax_mapping *to_dax_mapping(struct device *dev)
+{
+ return container_of(dev, struct dax_mapping, dev);
+}
#endif
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