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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/5] PCI: pciehp: check and wait port status out of DPC before handling DLLSC and PDC
On Thu, Sep 24, 2020 at 10:34:20PM -0400, Ethan Zhao wrote:
> When root port has DPC capability and it is enabled, then triggered by errors, DPC
> DLLSC and PDC interrupts will be sent to DPC driver, pciehp driver at the same time.
> That will cause following result:
>
> 1. Link and device are recovered by hardware DPC and software DPC driver, device
> isn't removed, but the pciehp might treat it as devce was hot removed.
>
> 2. Race condition happens between pciehp_unconfigure_device() called by
> pciehp_ist() in pciehp driver and pci_do_recovery() called by dpc_handler in
> DPC driver. no luck, there is no lock to protect pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device()
> against pci_walk_bus(), they hold different semaphore and mutex,
> pci_stop_and_remove_bus_device holds pci_rescan_remove_lock, and pci_walk_bus()
> holds pci_bus_sem.
>
> This race condition is not purely code analysis, it could be triggered by following
> command series:
>
> # setpci -s 64:02.0 0x196.w=000a // 64:02.0 is rootport has DPC capability
> # setpci -s 65:00.0 0x04.w=0544 // 65:00.0 is NVMe SSD populated in above port
> # mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 nvme
>
> One shot will cause system panic and null pointer reference happened.
> (tested on stable 5.8 & ICX platform)

What is ICX (yes, I know, but you are writing this for wider audience)?

> Buffer I/O error on dev nvme0n1p1, logical block 468843328, async page read
> BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 0000000000000050
> #PF: supervisor read access in kernel mode
> #PF: error_code(0x0000) - not-present page

Please, try to remove non-relevant information from the crashes.

> Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP NOPTI
> CPU: 12 PID: 513 Comm: irq/124-pcie-dp Not tainted 5.8.0-0.0.7.el8.x86_64+ #1
> Hardware name: Intel Corporation Wilxxxx.200x0x0xxx 0x/0x/20x0
> RIP: 0010:report_error_detected.cold.4+0x7d/0xe6
> Code: b6 d0 e8 e8 fe 11 00 e8 16 c5 fb ff be 06 00 00 00 48 89 df e8 d3 65 ff
> ff b8 06 00 00 00 e9 75 fc ff ff 48 8b 43 68 45 31 c9 <48> 8b 50 50 48 83 3a 00
> 41 0f 94 c1 45 31 c0 48 85 d2 41 0f 94 c0
> RSP: 0018:ff8e06cf8762fda8 EFLAGS: 00010246
> RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ff4e3eaacf42a000 RCX: ff4e3eb31f223c01
> RDX: ff4e3eaacf42a140 RSI: ff4e3eb31f223c00 RDI: ff4e3eaacf42a138
> RBP: ff8e06cf8762fdd0 R08: 00000000000000bf R09: 0000000000000000
> R10: 000000eb8ebeab53 R11: ffffffff93453258 R12: 0000000000000002
> R13: ff4e3eaacf42a130 R14: ff8e06cf8762fe2c R15: ff4e3eab44733828
> FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ff4e3eab1fd00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> CR2: 0000000000000050 CR3: 0000000f8f80a004 CR4: 0000000000761ee0
> DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> PKRU: 55555554
> Call Trace:
> ? report_normal_detected+0x20/0x20
> report_frozen_detected+0x16/0x20
> pci_walk_bus+0x75/0x90
> ? dpc_irq+0x90/0x90
> pcie_do_recovery+0x157/0x201
> ? irq_finalize_oneshot.part.47+0xe0/0xe0
> dpc_handler+0x29/0x40
> irq_thread_fn+0x24/0x60
> irq_thread+0xea/0x170
> ? irq_forced_thread_fn+0x80/0x80
> ? irq_thread_check_affinity+0xf0/0xf0
> kthread+0x124/0x140
> ? kthread_park+0x90/0x90
> ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
> Modules linked in: nft_fib_inet.........
> CR2: 0000000000000050
>
> With this patch, the handling flow of DPC containment and hotplug is partly ordered
> and serialized, let hardware DPC do the controller reset etc recovery action first,
> then DPC driver handling the call-back from device drivers, clear the DPC status,
> at the end, pciehp driver handles the DLLSC and PDC etc.

> This patch closes the race conditon partly.

Not sure if Bjorn require to get rid of "this patch" from commit messages... In
any case it's written in documentation.


--
With Best Regards,
Andy Shevchenko


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