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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/3] drm: commit_work scheduling
On Mon, Sep 21, 2020 at 11:59 PM Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Sep 21, 2020 at 5:16 PM Rob Clark <robdclark@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, Sep 21, 2020 at 2:21 AM Daniel Vetter <daniel@ffwll.ch> wrote:
> > >
> > > On Sat, Sep 19, 2020 at 12:37:23PM -0700, Rob Clark wrote:
> > > > From: Rob Clark <robdclark@chromium.org>
> > > >
> > > > The android userspace treats the display pipeline as a realtime problem.
> > > > And arguably, if your goal is to not miss frame deadlines (ie. vblank),
> > > > it is. (See https://lwn.net/Articles/809545/ for the best explaination
> > > > that I found.)
> > > >
> > > > But this presents a problem with using workqueues for non-blocking
> > > > atomic commit_work(), because the SCHED_FIFO userspace thread(s) can
> > > > preempt the worker. Which is not really the outcome you want.. once
> > > > the required fences are scheduled, you want to push the atomic commit
> > > > down to hw ASAP.
> > > >
> > > > But the decision of whether commit_work should be RT or not really
> > > > depends on what userspace is doing. For a pure CFS userspace display
> > > > pipeline, commit_work() should remain SCHED_NORMAL.
> > > >
> > > > To handle this, convert non-blocking commit_work() to use per-CRTC
> > > > kthread workers, instead of system_unbound_wq. Per-CRTC workers are
> > > > used to avoid serializing commits when userspace is using a per-CRTC
> > > > update loop.
> > > >
> > > > A client-cap is introduced so that userspace can opt-in to SCHED_FIFO
> > > > priority commit work.
> > > >
> > > > A potential issue is that since 616d91b68cd ("sched: Remove
> > > > sched_setscheduler*() EXPORTs") we have limited RT priority levels,
> > > > meaning that commit_work() ends up running at the same priority level
> > > > as vblank-work. This shouldn't be a big problem *yet*, due to limited
> > > > use of vblank-work at this point. And if it could be arranged that
> > > > vblank-work is scheduled before signaling out-fences and/or sending
> > > > pageflip events, it could probably work ok to use a single priority
> > > > level for both commit-work and vblank-work.
> > >
> > > The part I don't like about this is that it all feels rather hacked
> > > together, and if we add more stuff (or there's some different thing in the
> > > system that also needs rt scheduling) then it doesn't compose.
> >
> > The ideal thing would be that userspace is in control of the
> > priorities.. the setclientcap approach seemed like a reasonable way to
> > give the drm-master a way to opt in.
> >
> > I suppose instead userspace could use sched_setscheduler().. but that
> > would require userspace to be root, and would require some way to find
> > the tid.
>
> Userspace already needs that for the SCHED_FIFO for surface-flinger.
> Or is the problem that CAP_SYS_NICE is only good for your own
> processes?

tbh, I'm not completely sure offhand what gives surfaceflinger
permission to set itself SCHED_FIFO

(But on CrOS there are a few more pieces to the puzzle)

> Other question I have for this is whether there's any recommendations
> for naming the kthreads (since I guess that name is what becomes the
> uapi for userspace to control this)?
>
> Otherwise I think "userspace calls sched_setscheduler on the right
> kthreads" sounds like a good interface, since it lets userspace decide
> how it all needs to fit together and compose. Anything we hard-code in
> an ioctl is kinda lost cause. And we can choose the default values to
> work reasonably well when the compositor runs at normal priority
> (lowest niceness or something like that for the commit work).

I don't really like the naming convention approach.. what is to stop
some unrelated process to name it's thread the same thing to get a
SCHED_FIFO boost..

But we can stick with my idea to expose the thread id as a read-only
CRTC property, for userspace to find the things to call
sched_setscheduler() on. If for whatever reason the drm master is not
privileged (or is running in a sandbox, etc), a small helper that has
the necessary permissions could open the drm device to find the CRTC
thread-ids and call sched_setscheduler()..

BR,
-R

> -Daniel
>
> > Is there some way we could arrange for the per-crtc kthread's to be
> > owned by the drm master? That would solve the "must be root" issue.
> > And since the target audience is an atomic userspace, I suppose we
> > could expose the tid as a read-only property on the crtc?
> >
> > BR,
> > -R
> >
> > > So question to rt/worker folks: What's the best way to let userspace set
> > > the scheduling mode and priorities of things the kernel does on its
> > > behalf? Surely we're not the first ones where if userspace runs with some
> > > rt priority it'll starve out the kernel workers that it needs. Hardcoding
> > > something behind a subsystem ioctl (which just means every time userspace
> > > changes what it does, we need a new such flag or mode) can't be the right
> > > thing.
> > >
> > > Peter, Tejun?
> > >
> > > Thanks, Daniel
> > >
> > > >
> > > > Rob Clark (3):
> > > > drm/crtc: Introduce per-crtc kworker
> > > > drm/atomic: Use kthread worker for nonblocking commits
> > > > drm: Add a client-cap to set scheduling mode
> > > >
> > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_atomic_helper.c | 13 ++++++----
> > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c | 4 ++++
> > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_crtc.c | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > drivers/gpu/drm/drm_ioctl.c | 13 ++++++++++
> > > > include/drm/drm_atomic.h | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > include/drm/drm_crtc.h | 10 ++++++++
> > > > include/uapi/drm/drm.h | 13 ++++++++++
> > > > 7 files changed, 117 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > --
> > > > 2.26.2
> > > >
> > > > _______________________________________________
> > > > dri-devel mailing list
> > > > dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> > > > https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel
> > >
> > > --
> > > Daniel Vetter
> > > Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
> > > http://blog.ffwll.ch
> > _______________________________________________
> > dri-devel mailing list
> > dri-devel@lists.freedesktop.org
> > https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/dri-devel
>
>
>
> --
> Daniel Vetter
> Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
> http://blog.ffwll.ch

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