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SubjectRe: Machine lockups on extreme memory pressure
On Mon 21-09-20 11:35:35, Shakeel Butt wrote:
> Hi all,
>
> We are seeing machine lockups due extreme memory pressure where the
> free pages on all the zones are way below the min watermarks. The stack
> of the stuck CPU looks like the following (I had to crash the machine to
> get the info).

sysrq+l didn't report anything?

> #0 [ ] crash_nmi_callback
> #1 [ ] nmi_handle
> #2 [ ] default_do_nmi
> #3 [ ] do_nmi
> #4 [ ] end_repeat_nmi
> --- <NMI exception stack> ---
> #5 [ ] queued_spin_lock_slowpath
> #6 [ ] _raw_spin_lock
> #7 [ ] ____cache_alloc_node
> #8 [ ] fallback_alloc
> #9 [ ] __kmalloc_node_track_caller
> #10 [ ] __alloc_skb
> #11 [ ] tcp_send_ack
> #12 [ ] tcp_delack_timer
> #13 [ ] run_timer_softirq
> #14 [ ] irq_exit
> #15 [ ] smp_apic_timer_interrupt
> #16 [ ] apic_timer_interrupt
> --- <IRQ stack> ---
> #17 [ ] apic_timer_interrupt
> #18 [ ] _raw_spin_lock
> #19 [ ] vmpressure
> #20 [ ] shrink_node
> #21 [ ] do_try_to_free_pages
> #22 [ ] try_to_free_pages
> #23 [ ] __alloc_pages_direct_reclaim
> #24 [ ] __alloc_pages_nodemask
> #25 [ ] cache_grow_begin
> #26 [ ] fallback_alloc
> #27 [ ] __kmalloc_node_track_caller
> #28 [ ] __alloc_skb
> #29 [ ] tcp_sendmsg_locked
> #30 [ ] tcp_sendmsg
> #31 [ ] inet6_sendmsg
> #32 [ ] ___sys_sendmsg
> #33 [ ] sys_sendmsg
> #34 [ ] do_syscall_64
>
> These are high traffic machines. Almost all the CPUs are stuck on the
> root memcg's vmpressure sr_lock and almost half of the CPUs are stuck
> on kmem cache node's list_lock in the IRQ.

Are you able to track down the lock holder?

> Note that the vmpressure sr_lock is irq-unsafe.

Which is ok because this is only triggered from the memory reclaim and
that cannot ever happen from the interrrupt context for obvoius reasons.

> Couple of months back, we observed a similar
> situation with swap locks which forces us to disable swap on global
> pressure. Since we do proactive reclaim disabling swap on global reclaim
> was not an issue. However now we have started seeing the same situation
> with other irq-unsafe locks like vmpressure sr_lock and almost all the
> slab shrinkers have irq-unsafe spinlocks. One of way to mitigate this
> is by converting all such locks (which can be taken in reclaim path)
> to be irq-safe but it does not seem like a maintainable solution.

This doesn't make much sense to be honest. We are not disabling IRQs
unless it is absolutely necessary.

> Please note that we are running user space oom-killer which is more
> aggressive than oomd/PSI but even that got stuck under this much memory
> pressure.
>
> I am wondering if anyone else has seen a similar situation in production
> and if there is a recommended way to resolve this situation.

I would recommend to focus on tracking down the who is blocking the
further progress.
--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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