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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mmap_lock: add tracepoints around lock acquisition
On Tue, Sep 22, 2020 at 12:53 AM Axel Rasmussen
<axelrasmussen@google.com> wrote:
>
> On Sun, Sep 20, 2020 at 9:58 PM Yafang Shao <laoar.shao@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Fri, Sep 18, 2020 at 2:13 AM Axel Rasmussen <axelrasmussen@google.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > The goal of these tracepoints is to be able to debug lock contention
> > > issues. This lock is acquired on most (all?) mmap / munmap / page fault
> > > operations, so a multi-threaded process which does a lot of these can
> > > experience significant contention.
> > >
> > > We trace just before we start acquisition, when the acquisition returns
> > > (whether it succeeded or not), and when the lock is released (or
> > > downgraded). The events are broken out by lock type (read / write).
> > >
> > > The events are also broken out by memcg path. For container-based
> > > workloads, users often think of several processes in a memcg as a single
> > > logical "task", so collecting statistics at this level is useful.
> > >
> > > These events *do not* include latency bucket information, which means
> > > for a proper latency histogram users will need to use BPF instead of
> > > event histograms. The benefit we get from this is simpler code.
> > >
> > > This patch is a no-op if the Kconfig option is not enabled. If it is,
> > > tracepoints are still disabled by default (configurable at runtime);
> > > the only fixed cost here is un-inlining a few functions. As best as
> > > I've been able to measure, the overhead this introduces is a small
> > > fraction of 1%. Actually hooking up the tracepoints to BPF introduces
> > > additional overhead, depending on exactly what the BPF program is
> > > collecting.
> >
> > Are there any methods to avoid un-inlining these wrappers ?
> >
> > For example,
> > // include/linux/mmap_lock.h
> >
> > void mmap_lock_start_trace_wrapper();
> > void mmap_lock_acquire_trace_wrapper();
> >
> > static inline void mmap_write_lock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > {
> > mmap_lock_start_trace_wrapper();
> > down_write(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > mmap_lock_acquire_trace_wrapper();
> > }
> >
> > // mm/mmap_lock.c
> > void mmap_lock_start_trace_wrapper()
> > {
> > trace_mmap_lock_start();
> > }
> >
> > void mmap_lock_start_trace_wrapper()
> > {
> > trace_mmap_lock_acquired();
> > }
>
> We can do something like that, but I don't think it would end up being better.
>
> At the end of the day, because the trace stuff cannot be in the
> header, we have to add an extra function call one way or the other.
> This would just move the call one step further down the call stack.
> So, I don't think it would affect performance in the
> CONFIG_MMAP_LOCK_STATS + tracepoints not enabled at runtime case.
>

Right, it seems we have to add an extra function call.

> Also the wrappers aren't quite so simple as this, they need some
> parameters to work. (the struct mm_struct, whether it was a read or a
> write lock, and whether or not the lock operation succeeded), so it
> would mean adding more inlined code, which I think adds up to be a
> nontrivial amount since these wrappers are called so often in the
> kernel.
>
> If you feel strongly, let me know and I can send a version as you
> describe and we can compare the two.
>

These tracepoints will be less useful if we have to turn on the config
to enable it.
I don't mind implementing it that way if we can't optimize it.

Maybe Steven can give some suggestions, Steven ?

> >
> >
> >
> > > ---
> > > include/linux/mmap_lock.h | 28 +++-
> > > include/trace/events/mmap_lock.h | 73 ++++++++++
> > > mm/Kconfig | 17 +++
> > > mm/Makefile | 1 +
> > > mm/mmap_lock.c | 224 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > 5 files changed, 342 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > create mode 100644 include/trace/events/mmap_lock.h
> > > create mode 100644 mm/mmap_lock.c
> > >
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/mmap_lock.h b/include/linux/mmap_lock.h
> > > index 0707671851a8..d12aa2ff6c05 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/mmap_lock.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/mmap_lock.h
> > > @@ -1,11 +1,35 @@
> > > #ifndef _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H
> > > #define _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H
> > >
> > > +#include <linux/lockdep.h>
> > > +#include <linux/mm_types.h>
> > > #include <linux/mmdebug.h>
> > > +#include <linux/rwsem.h>
> > > +#include <linux/types.h>
> > >
> > > #define MMAP_LOCK_INITIALIZER(name) \
> > > .mmap_lock = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER((name).mmap_lock),
> > >
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_MMAP_LOCK_STATS
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_init_lock(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_write_lock(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_write_lock_nested(struct mm_struct *mm, int subclass);
> > > +int mmap_write_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +bool mmap_write_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_write_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_write_downgrade(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_read_lock(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +int mmap_read_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +bool mmap_read_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_read_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +bool mmap_read_trylock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_read_unlock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_assert_locked(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +void mmap_assert_write_locked(struct mm_struct *mm);
> > > +
> > > +#else /* !CONFIG_MMAP_LOCK_STATS */
> > > +
> > > static inline void mmap_init_lock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > {
> > > init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > @@ -63,7 +87,7 @@ static inline void mmap_read_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > >
> > > static inline bool mmap_read_trylock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > {
> > > - if (down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_lock)) {
> > > + if (mmap_read_trylock(mm)) {
> > > rwsem_release(&mm->mmap_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_);
> > > return true;
> > > }
> > > @@ -87,4 +111,6 @@ static inline void mmap_assert_write_locked(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_lock), mm);
> > > }
> > >
> > > +#endif /* CONFIG_MMAP_LOCK_STATS */
> > > +
> > > #endif /* _LINUX_MMAP_LOCK_H */
> > > diff --git a/include/trace/events/mmap_lock.h b/include/trace/events/mmap_lock.h
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..549c662e6ed8
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/include/trace/events/mmap_lock.h
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,73 @@
> > > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> > > +#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
> > > +#define TRACE_SYSTEM mmap_lock
> > > +
> > > +#if !defined(_TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
> > > +#define _TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_H
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
> > > +#include <linux/types.h>
> > > +
> > > +struct mm_struct;
> > > +
> > > +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(
> > > + mmap_lock_template,
> > > +
> > > + TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, const char *memcg_path, u64 duration,
> > > + bool write, bool success),
> > > +
> > > + TP_ARGS(mm, memcg_path, duration, write, success),
> > > +
> > > + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> > > + __field(struct mm_struct *, mm)
> > > + __string(memcg_path, memcg_path)
> > > + __field(u64, duration)
> > > + __field(bool, write)
> > > + __field(bool, success)
> > > + ),
> > > +
> > > + TP_fast_assign(
> > > + __entry->mm = mm;
> > > + __assign_str(memcg_path, memcg_path);
> > > + __entry->duration = duration;
> > > + __entry->write = write;
> > > + __entry->success = success;
> > > + ),
> > > +
> > > + TP_printk(
> > > + "mm=%p memcg_path=%s duration=%llu write=%s success=%s\n",
> > > + __entry->mm,
> > > + __get_str(memcg_path),
> > > + __entry->duration,
> > > + __entry->write ? "true" : "false",
> > > + __entry->success ? "true" : "false")
> > > + );
> > > +
> > > +DEFINE_EVENT(mmap_lock_template, mmap_lock_start_locking,
> > > +
> > > + TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, const char *memcg_path, u64 duration,
> > > + bool write, bool success),
> > > +
> > > + TP_ARGS(mm, memcg_path, duration, write, success)
> > > +);
> > > +
> > > +DEFINE_EVENT(mmap_lock_template, mmap_lock_acquire_returned,
> > > +
> > > + TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, const char *memcg_path, u64 duration,
> > > + bool write, bool success),
> > > +
> > > + TP_ARGS(mm, memcg_path, duration, write, success)
> > > +);
> > > +
> > > +DEFINE_EVENT(mmap_lock_template, mmap_lock_released,
> > > +
> > > + TP_PROTO(struct mm_struct *mm, const char *memcg_path, u64 duration,
> > > + bool write, bool success),
> > > +
> > > + TP_ARGS(mm, memcg_path, duration, write, success)
> > > +);
> > > +
> > > +#endif /* _TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_H */
> > > +
> > > +/* This part must be outside protection */
> > > +#include <trace/define_trace.h>
> > > diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> > > index 6c974888f86f..b602df8bcee0 100644
> > > --- a/mm/Kconfig
> > > +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> > > @@ -818,6 +818,23 @@ config DEVICE_PRIVATE
> > > config FRAME_VECTOR
> > > bool
> > >
> > > +config MMAP_LOCK_STATS
> > > + bool "mmap_lock stats / instrumentation"
> > > + select HISTOGRAM
> > > + default n
> > > +
> > > + help
> > > + Enables tracepoints around mmap_lock (start aquiring, acquire
> > > + returned, and released), which are off by default + controlled at
> > > + runtime. These can be used for deeper debugging of contention
> > > + issues, via e.g. BPF.
> > > +
> > > + This option has a small (small fraction of 1%) fixed overhead
> > > + even if tracepoints aren't actually in use at runtime, since it
> > > + requires un-inlining some functions.
> > > +
> > > + If unsure, say "n".
> > > +
> > > config ARCH_USES_HIGH_VMA_FLAGS
> > > bool
> > > config ARCH_HAS_PKEYS
> > > diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
> > > index d5649f1c12c0..eb6ed855a002 100644
> > > --- a/mm/Makefile
> > > +++ b/mm/Makefile
> > > @@ -121,3 +121,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MEMFD_CREATE) += memfd.o
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS) += mapping_dirty_helpers.o
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_PTDUMP_CORE) += ptdump.o
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING) += page_reporting.o
> > > +obj-$(CONFIG_MMAP_LOCK_STATS) += mmap_lock.o
> > > diff --git a/mm/mmap_lock.c b/mm/mmap_lock.c
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..1624f90164c0
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/mm/mmap_lock.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,224 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > +#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> > > +#include <trace/events/mmap_lock.h>
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/cgroup.h>
> > > +#include <linux/memcontrol.h>
> > > +#include <linux/mmap_lock.h>
> > > +#include <linux/percpu.h>
> > > +#include <linux/smp.h>
> > > +#include <linux/trace_events.h>
> > > +#include <linux/sched/clock.h>
> > > +
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
> > > +
> > > +DEFINE_PER_CPU(char[MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL], trace_memcg_path);
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Write the given mm_struct's memcg path to a percpu buffer, and return a
> > > + * pointer to it. If the path cannot be determined, the buffer will contain the
> > > + * empty string.
> > > + *
> > > + * Note: buffers are allocated per-cpu to avoid locking, so preemption must be
> > > + * disabled by the caller before calling us, and re-enabled only after the
> > > + * caller is done with the pointer.
> > > + */
> > > +static const char *get_mm_memcg_path(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + struct mem_cgroup *memcg = get_mem_cgroup_from_mm(mm);
> > > +
> > > + if (memcg != NULL && likely(memcg->css.cgroup != NULL)) {
> > > + char *buf = this_cpu_ptr(trace_memcg_path);
> > > +
> > > + cgroup_path(memcg->css.cgroup, buf, MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL);
> > > + return buf;
> > > + }
> > > + return "";
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +#define TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_EVENT(type, mm, ...) \
> > > + do { \
> > > + if (trace_mmap_lock_##type##_enabled()) { \
> > > + get_cpu(); \
> > > + trace_mmap_lock_##type(mm, get_mm_memcg_path(mm), \
> > > + ##__VA_ARGS__); \
> > > + put_cpu(); \
> > > + } \
> > > + } while (0)
> > > +
> > > +#else /* !CONFIG_MEMCG */
> > > +
> > > +#define TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_EVENT(type, mm, ...) \
> > > + trace_mmap_lock_##type(mm, "", ##__VA_ARGS__)
> > > +
> > > +#endif /* CONFIG_MEMCG */
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * Trace calls must be in a separate file, as otherwise there's a circuclar
> > > + * dependency between linux/mmap_lock.h and trace/events/mmap_lock.h.
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +static void trace_start_locking(struct mm_struct *mm, bool write)
> > > +{
> > > + TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_EVENT(start_locking, mm, 0, write, true);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void trace_acquire_returned(struct mm_struct *mm, u64 start_time_ns,
> > > + bool write, bool success)
> > > +{
> > > + TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_EVENT(acquire_returned, mm,
> > > + sched_clock() - start_time_ns, write, success);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void trace_released(struct mm_struct *mm, bool write)
> > > +{
> > > + TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_EVENT(released, mm, 0, write, true);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static bool trylock_impl(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > > + int (*trylock)(struct rw_semaphore *), bool write)
> > > +{
> > > + bool ret;
> > > +
> > > + trace_start_locking(mm, write);
> > > + ret = trylock(&mm->mmap_lock) != 0;
> > > + /* Avoid calling sched_clock() for trylocks; assume duration = 0. */
> > > + TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_EVENT(acquire_returned, mm, 0, write, ret);
> > > + return ret;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static inline void lock_impl(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > > + void (*lock)(struct rw_semaphore *), bool write)
> > > +{
> > > + u64 start_time_ns;
> > > +
> > > + trace_start_locking(mm, write);
> > > + start_time_ns = sched_clock();
> > > + lock(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > + trace_acquire_returned(mm, start_time_ns, write, true);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static inline int lock_return_impl(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > > + int (*lock)(struct rw_semaphore *),
> > > + bool write)
> > > +{
> > > + u64 start_time_ns;
> > > + int ret;
> > > +
> > > + trace_start_locking(mm, write);
> > > + start_time_ns = sched_clock();
> > > + ret = lock(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > + trace_acquire_returned(mm, start_time_ns, write, ret == 0);
> > > + return ret;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static inline void unlock_impl(struct mm_struct *mm,
> > > + void (*unlock)(struct rw_semaphore *),
> > > + bool write)
> > > +{
> > > + unlock(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > + trace_released(mm, write);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_init_lock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + init_rwsem(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_write_lock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + lock_impl(mm, down_write, true);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_write_lock);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_write_lock_nested(struct mm_struct *mm, int subclass)
> > > +{
> > > + u64 start_time_ns;
> > > +
> > > + trace_start_locking(mm, true);
> > > + start_time_ns = sched_clock();
> > > + down_write_nested(&mm->mmap_lock, subclass);
> > > + trace_acquire_returned(mm, start_time_ns, true, true);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_write_lock_nested);
> > > +
> > > +int mmap_write_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + return lock_return_impl(mm, down_write_killable, true);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_write_lock_killable);
> > > +
> > > +bool mmap_write_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + return trylock_impl(mm, down_write_trylock, true);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_write_trylock);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_write_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + unlock_impl(mm, up_write, true);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_write_unlock);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_write_downgrade(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + downgrade_write(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > + TRACE_MMAP_LOCK_EVENT(acquire_returned, mm, 0, false, true);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_write_downgrade);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_read_lock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + lock_impl(mm, down_read, false);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_read_lock);
> > > +
> > > +int mmap_read_lock_killable(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + return lock_return_impl(mm, down_read_killable, false);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_read_lock_killable);
> > > +
> > > +bool mmap_read_trylock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + return trylock_impl(mm, down_read_trylock, false);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_read_trylock);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_read_unlock(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + unlock_impl(mm, up_read, false);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_read_unlock);
> > > +
> > > +bool mmap_read_trylock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + if (mmap_read_trylock(mm)) {
> > > + rwsem_release(&mm->mmap_lock.dep_map, _RET_IP_);
> > > + trace_released(mm, false);
> > > + return true;
> > > + }
> > > + return false;
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_read_trylock_non_owner);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_read_unlock_non_owner(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + up_read_non_owner(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > + trace_released(mm, false);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_read_unlock_non_owner);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_assert_locked(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + lockdep_assert_held(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > + VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_lock), mm);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_assert_locked);
> > > +
> > > +void mmap_assert_write_locked(struct mm_struct *mm)
> > > +{
> > > + lockdep_assert_held_write(&mm->mmap_lock);
> > > + VM_BUG_ON_MM(!rwsem_is_locked(&mm->mmap_lock), mm);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mmap_assert_write_locked);
> > > --
> > > 2.28.0.618.gf4bc123cb7-goog
> > >
> >
> >
> > --
> > Thanks
> > Yafang



--
Thanks
Yafang

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