lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Sep]   [22]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Expose 'array_length()' macro in <sys/param.h>
On 22/09/20 11:10 +0200, Alejandro Colomar via Libstdc++ wrote:
>[[ CC += LKML ]]
>
>Thanks for all your input. I learned some C++ :)
>
>The following code works for all C and C++ standards:
>g++ --std={c++98, c++03, c++11, c++14, c++17, c++20}
>gcc --std={c89, c99, c11, c18, c2x}
>With `-Wall -Wextra -Werror -pedantic -Wno-vla -Wno-sizeof-pointer-div`.
>It doesn't compile when '+ __array_length(p)' is uncommented.
>It compiles, and returns the correct value (18).
> With some exceptions:
>c++ doesn't accept the VLA (w[]):
>
>array_length.c: In function 'int main()':
>array_length.c:101:22: error: no matching function for call to
>'__array_slength(int [y])'
> 101 | + __array_slength(w)
> | ^
>array_length.c:38:1: note: candidate: 'template<class T, long int N>
>std::ptrdiff_t __array_slength(const T (&)[N])'
> 38 | __array_slength(const T(&)[N])
> | ^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
>array_length.c:38:1: note: template argument deduction/substitution
>failed:
>array_length.c:101:22: note: variable-sized array type 'long int' is
>not a valid template argument
> 101 | + __array_slength(w)
> | ^
>
>But we can live with limited support for VLAs in C++.
>So I needed to comment '+ __array_slength(w)',
>and then the program correctly returns 11.
>
>As Ville suggested, I renamed the function/macro to __array_[s]length().
>However, (some) BSDs already provide nitems() in <sys/param.h>,
>so it probably wouldn't be very drastic to
>provide this function/macro with the name '[s]nitems()' there.
>
>Would you like to add anything else before I write the patch?
>
>
>BTW, I should note one more thing:
>
>Linux has a macro named '__must_be_array()' with the same API,
>but slightly different internal implementation,
>so they should be aware of this change.
>However, I don't think they include <sys/param.h> a lot,
>so maybe it doesn't break anything; but they should be aware anyway.
>I CC'd the LKML so they are aware and can give any suggestions.
>
>Thanks,
>
>Alex
>
>
>------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>#if defined(__cplusplus)
>
># include <cstddef>
># if __cplusplus >= 201703L
># include <iterator>
># endif
>
>template<typename T, std::size_t N>

You need to use reserved names here.

># if __cplusplus >= 201103L
>constexpr
># endif
>inline std::size_t
># if __cplusplus >= 201703L
>__array_length(const T(&arr)[N])
># else
>__array_length(const T(&)[N])
># endif
># if __cplusplus >= 201103L
>noexcept

If this is going to be part of Glibc then you can use its __THROW
macro instead.


># endif
>{
># if __cplusplus >= 201703L
> return std::size(arr);
># else
> return N;
># endif
>}

I don't see much point in using std::size here. If you're going to
provide the alternative implementation for when std::size isn't
defined, why not just use it always?

template<typename _Tp, std::size_t _Num>
#if __cplusplus >= 201103L
constexpr
#endif
inline std::size_t
__array_length(const _Tp(&)[_Num]) __THROW
{
return _Num;
}

This only requires <cstddef>, not <iterator>.

>
>template<typename T, std::ptrdiff_t N>

This declaration is wrong, the array extent has type std::size_t. The
type you return from the function doesn't change that.

The __array_slength definition should be identical to __array_length
except for its name and return type.

template<typename _Tp, std::size_t _Num>
#if __cplusplus >= 201103L
constexpr
#endif
inline std::ptrdiff_t
__array_slength(const _Tp(&)[_Num]) __THROW
{
return _Num;
}


>
>
>#else /* !defined(__cplusplus) */
>#include <stddef.h>
>
># define __is_same_type(a, b) \
> __builtin_types_compatible_p(__typeof__(a), __typeof__(b))
># define __is_array(arr) (!__is_same_type((arr), &(arr)[0]))
>
># if __STDC_VERSION__ >= 201112L
># define __must_be(e, msg) ( \
> 0 * (int)sizeof( \
> struct { \
> _Static_assert((e), msg); \
> char ISO_C_forbids_a_struct_with_no_members__; \
> } \
> ) \
>)
># else
># define __must_be(e, msg) ( \
> 0 * (int)sizeof( \
> struct { \
> int : (-!(e)); \
> char ISO_C_forbids_a_struct_with_no_members__; \
> } \
> ) \
>)
># endif
>
># define __must_be_array(arr) __must_be(__is_array(arr), "Must be an
>array!")
>
># define __array_len(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof((arr)[0]))
># define __array_length(arr) (__array_len(arr) + __must_be_array(arr))
># define __array_slength(arr) ((ptrdiff_t)__array_length(arr))
>#endif
>
>
>int main(void)
>{
> int a[5];
> const int x = 6;
> int v[x];
> int y = 7;
> int w[y];
> int *p;
> (void)p;
> (void)v;
> (void)w;
>
> return __array_slength(a)
> + __array_slength(v)
> + __array_slength(w)
>// + __array_length(p)
> ;
>}
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-09-22 11:41    [W:0.053 / U:26.624 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site