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Subject[PATCH 2/5] perf stat: Add --for-each-cgroup option
Date
The --for-each-cgroup option is a syntax sugar to monitor large number
of cgroups easily. Current command line requires to list all the
events and cgroups even if users want to monitor same events for each
cgroup. This patch addresses that usage by copying given events for
each cgroup on user's behalf.

For instance, if they want to monitor 6 events for 200 cgroups each
they should write 1200 event names (with -e) AND 1200 cgroup names
(with -G) on the command line. But with this change, they can just
specify 6 events and 200 cgroups with a new option.

A simpler example below: It wants to measure 3 events for 2 cgroups
('A' and 'B'). The result is that total 6 events are counted like
below.

$ ./perf stat -a -e cpu-clock,cycles,instructions --for-each-cgroup A,B sleep 1

Performance counter stats for 'system wide':

988.18 msec cpu-clock A # 0.987 CPUs utilized
3,153,761,702 cycles A # 3.200 GHz (100.00%)
8,067,769,847 instructions A # 2.57 insn per cycle (100.00%)
982.71 msec cpu-clock B # 0.982 CPUs utilized
3,136,093,298 cycles B # 3.182 GHz (99.99%)
8,109,619,327 instructions B # 2.58 insn per cycle (99.99%)

1.001228054 seconds time elapsed

Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
---
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt | 5 ++
tools/perf/builtin-stat.c | 27 ++++++++-
tools/perf/util/cgroup.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/cgroup.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/stat.h | 1 +
5 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt
index 7d18694e592a..bb17c9caec78 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-stat.txt
@@ -166,6 +166,11 @@ use '-e e1 -e e2 -G foo,foo' or just use '-e e1 -e e2 -G foo'.
If wanting to monitor, say, 'cycles' for a cgroup and also for system wide, this
command line can be used: 'perf stat -e cycles -G cgroup_name -a -e cycles'.

+--for-each-cgroup name::
+Expand event list for each cgroup in "name" (allow multiple cgroups separated
+by comma). This has same effect that repeating -e option and -G option for
+each event x name. This option cannot be used with -G/--cgroup option.
+
-o file::
--output file::
Print the output into the designated file.
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c b/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c
index 7f8d756d9408..23abf14b6e16 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-stat.c
@@ -1051,6 +1051,17 @@ static int parse_control_option(const struct option *opt,
return evlist__parse_control(str, &config->ctl_fd, &config->ctl_fd_ack, &config->ctl_fd_close);
}

+static int parse_stat_cgroups(const struct option *opt,
+ const char *str, int unset)
+{
+ if (stat_config.cgroup_list) {
+ pr_err("--cgroup and --for-each-cgroup cannot be used together\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return parse_cgroups(opt, str, unset);
+}
+
static struct option stat_options[] = {
OPT_BOOLEAN('T', "transaction", &transaction_run,
"hardware transaction statistics"),
@@ -1094,7 +1105,9 @@ static struct option stat_options[] = {
OPT_STRING('x', "field-separator", &stat_config.csv_sep, "separator",
"print counts with custom separator"),
OPT_CALLBACK('G', "cgroup", &evsel_list, "name",
- "monitor event in cgroup name only", parse_cgroups),
+ "monitor event in cgroup name only", parse_stat_cgroups),
+ OPT_STRING(0, "for-each-cgroup", &stat_config.cgroup_list, "name",
+ "expand events for each cgroup"),
OPT_STRING('o', "output", &output_name, "file", "output file name"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "append", &append_file, "append to the output file"),
OPT_INTEGER(0, "log-fd", &output_fd,
@@ -2234,6 +2247,18 @@ int cmd_stat(int argc, const char **argv)
if (add_default_attributes())
goto out;

+ if (stat_config.cgroup_list) {
+ if (nr_cgroups > 0) {
+ pr_err("--cgroup and --for-each-cgroup cannot be used together\n");
+ parse_options_usage(stat_usage, stat_options, "G", 1);
+ parse_options_usage(NULL, stat_options, "for-each-cgroup", 0);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (evlist__expand_cgroup(evsel_list, stat_config.cgroup_list) < 0)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
target__validate(&target);

if ((stat_config.aggr_mode == AGGR_THREAD) && (target.system_wide))
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/cgroup.c b/tools/perf/util/cgroup.c
index 050dea9f1e88..8b6a4fa49082 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/cgroup.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/cgroup.c
@@ -193,6 +193,85 @@ int parse_cgroups(const struct option *opt, const char *str,
return 0;
}

+int evlist__expand_cgroup(struct evlist *evlist, const char *str)
+{
+ struct evlist *orig_list, *tmp_list;
+ struct evsel *pos, *evsel, *leader;
+ struct cgroup *cgrp = NULL;
+ const char *p, *e, *eos = str + strlen(str);
+ int ret = -1;
+
+ if (evlist->core.nr_entries == 0) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "must define events before cgroups\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ orig_list = evlist__new();
+ tmp_list = evlist__new();
+ if (orig_list == NULL || tmp_list == NULL) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "memory allocation failed\n");
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ /* save original events and init evlist */
+ perf_evlist__splice_list_tail(orig_list, &evlist->core.entries);
+ evlist->core.nr_entries = 0;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ p = strchr(str, ',');
+ e = p ? p : eos;
+
+ /* allow empty cgroups, i.e., skip */
+ if (e - str) {
+ /* termination added */
+ char *name = strndup(str, e - str);
+ if (!name)
+ goto out_err;
+
+ cgrp = cgroup__new(name);
+ free(name);
+ if (cgrp == NULL)
+ goto out_err;
+ } else {
+ cgrp = NULL;
+ }
+
+ leader = NULL;
+ evlist__for_each_entry(orig_list, pos) {
+ evsel = evsel__clone(pos);
+ if (evsel == NULL)
+ goto out_err;
+
+ cgroup__put(evsel->cgrp);
+ evsel->cgrp = cgroup__get(cgrp);
+
+ if (evsel__is_group_leader(pos))
+ leader = evsel;
+ evsel->leader = leader;
+
+ evlist__add(tmp_list, evsel);
+ }
+ /* cgroup__new() has a refcount, release it here */
+ cgroup__put(cgrp);
+ nr_cgroups++;
+
+ perf_evlist__splice_list_tail(evlist, &tmp_list->core.entries);
+ tmp_list->core.nr_entries = 0;
+
+ if (!p) {
+ ret = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ str = p+1;
+ }
+
+out_err:
+ evlist__delete(orig_list);
+ evlist__delete(tmp_list);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
static struct cgroup *__cgroup__findnew(struct rb_root *root, uint64_t id,
bool create, const char *path)
{
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h b/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h
index e98d5975fe55..32893018296f 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ void cgroup__put(struct cgroup *cgroup);
struct evlist;

struct cgroup *evlist__findnew_cgroup(struct evlist *evlist, const char *name);
+int evlist__expand_cgroup(struct evlist *evlist, const char *cgroups);

void evlist__set_default_cgroup(struct evlist *evlist, struct cgroup *cgroup);

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/stat.h b/tools/perf/util/stat.h
index 9911fc6adbfd..7325de5bf2a6 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/stat.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/stat.h
@@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ struct perf_stat_config {
int ctl_fd;
int ctl_fd_ack;
bool ctl_fd_close;
+ const char *cgroup_list;
};

void perf_stat__set_big_num(int set);
--
2.28.0.681.g6f77f65b4e-goog
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