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SubjectRe: [PATCH v18 17/32] mm/compaction: do page isolation first in compaction
On Mon, 24 Aug 2020, Alex Shi wrote:

> Currently, compaction would get the lru_lock and then do page isolation
> which works fine with pgdat->lru_lock, since any page isoltion would
> compete for the lru_lock. If we want to change to memcg lru_lock, we
> have to isolate the page before getting lru_lock, thus isoltion would
> block page's memcg change which relay on page isoltion too. Then we
> could safely use per memcg lru_lock later.
>
> The new page isolation use previous introduced TestClearPageLRU() +
> pgdat lru locking which will be changed to memcg lru lock later.
>
> Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> fixed following bugs in this patch's
> early version:
>
> Fix lots of crashes under compaction load: isolate_migratepages_block()
> must clean up appropriately when rejecting a page, setting PageLRU again
> if it had been cleared; and a put_page() after get_page_unless_zero()
> cannot safely be done while holding locked_lruvec - it may turn out to
> be the final put_page(), which will take an lruvec lock when PageLRU.
> And move __isolate_lru_page_prepare back after get_page_unless_zero to
> make trylock_page() safe:
> trylock_page() is not safe to use at this time: its setting PG_locked
> can race with the page being freed or allocated ("Bad page"), and can
> also erase flags being set by one of those "sole owners" of a freshly
> allocated page who use non-atomic __SetPageFlag().
>
> Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
> Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com>

Okay, whatever. I was about to say
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
With my signed-off-by there, someone will ask if it should say
"From: Hugh ..." at the top: no, it should not, this is Alex's patch,
but I proposed some fixes to it, as you already acknowledged.

A couple of comments below on the mm/vmscan.c part of it.

> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> ---
> include/linux/swap.h | 2 +-
> mm/compaction.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> mm/vmscan.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
> 3 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
> index 43e6b3458f58..550fdfdc3506 100644
> --- a/include/linux/swap.h
> +++ b/include/linux/swap.h
> @@ -357,7 +357,7 @@ extern void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page,
> extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone);
> extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
> gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask);
> -extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode);
> +extern int __isolate_lru_page_prepare(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode);
> extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
> unsigned long nr_pages,
> gfp_t gfp_mask,
> diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
> index 4e2c66869041..253382d99969 100644
> --- a/mm/compaction.c
> +++ b/mm/compaction.c
> @@ -887,6 +887,7 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> if (!valid_page && IS_ALIGNED(low_pfn, pageblock_nr_pages)) {
> if (!cc->ignore_skip_hint && get_pageblock_skip(page)) {
> low_pfn = end_pfn;
> + page = NULL;
> goto isolate_abort;
> }
> valid_page = page;
> @@ -968,6 +969,21 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> if (!(cc->gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) && page_mapping(page))
> goto isolate_fail;
>
> + /*
> + * Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're
> + * sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the
> + * page release code relies on it.
> + */
> + if (unlikely(!get_page_unless_zero(page)))
> + goto isolate_fail;
> +
> + if (__isolate_lru_page_prepare(page, isolate_mode) != 0)
> + goto isolate_fail_put;
> +
> + /* Try isolate the page */
> + if (!TestClearPageLRU(page))
> + goto isolate_fail_put;
> +
> /* If we already hold the lock, we can skip some rechecking */
> if (!locked) {
> locked = compact_lock_irqsave(&pgdat->lru_lock,
> @@ -980,10 +996,6 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> goto isolate_abort;
> }
>
> - /* Recheck PageLRU and PageCompound under lock */
> - if (!PageLRU(page))
> - goto isolate_fail;
> -
> /*
> * Page become compound since the non-locked check,
> * and it's on LRU. It can only be a THP so the order
> @@ -991,16 +1003,13 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> */
> if (unlikely(PageCompound(page) && !cc->alloc_contig)) {
> low_pfn += compound_nr(page) - 1;
> - goto isolate_fail;
> + SetPageLRU(page);
> + goto isolate_fail_put;
> }
> }
>
> lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);
>
> - /* Try isolate the page */
> - if (__isolate_lru_page(page, isolate_mode) != 0)
> - goto isolate_fail;
> -
> /* The whole page is taken off the LRU; skip the tail pages. */
> if (PageCompound(page))
> low_pfn += compound_nr(page) - 1;
> @@ -1029,6 +1038,15 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> }
>
> continue;
> +
> +isolate_fail_put:
> + /* Avoid potential deadlock in freeing page under lru_lock */
> + if (locked) {
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
> + locked = false;
> + }
> + put_page(page);
> +
> isolate_fail:
> if (!skip_on_failure)
> continue;
> @@ -1065,9 +1083,15 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> if (unlikely(low_pfn > end_pfn))
> low_pfn = end_pfn;
>
> + page = NULL;
> +
> isolate_abort:
> if (locked)
> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
> + if (page) {
> + SetPageLRU(page);
> + put_page(page);
> + }
>
> /*
> * Updated the cached scanner pfn once the pageblock has been scanned
> diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
> index 1b3e0eeaad64..48b50695f883 100644
> --- a/mm/vmscan.c
> +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
> @@ -1538,20 +1538,20 @@ unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone,
> *
> * returns 0 on success, -ve errno on failure.
> */
> -int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
> +int __isolate_lru_page_prepare(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
> {
> int ret = -EINVAL;
>
> - /* Only take pages on the LRU. */
> - if (!PageLRU(page))
> - return ret;
> -
> /* Compaction should not handle unevictable pages but CMA can do so */
> if (PageUnevictable(page) && !(mode & ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE))
> return ret;
>
> ret = -EBUSY;
>
> + /* Only take pages on the LRU. */
> + if (!PageLRU(page))
> + return ret;
> +

So here you do deal with that BUG() issue. But I'd prefer you to leave
it as I suggested in 16/32, just start with "int ret = -EBUSY;" and
don't rearrange the checks here at all. I say that partly because
the !PageLRU check is very important (when called for compaction), and
the easier it is to find (at the very start), the less anxious I get!

> /*
> * To minimise LRU disruption, the caller can indicate that it only
> * wants to isolate pages it will be able to operate on without
> @@ -1592,20 +1592,9 @@ int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
> if ((mode & ISOLATE_UNMAPPED) && page_mapped(page))
> return ret;
>
> - if (likely(get_page_unless_zero(page))) {
> - /*
> - * Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're
> - * sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the
> - * page release code relies on it.
> - */
> - ClearPageLRU(page);
> - ret = 0;
> - }
> -
> - return ret;
> + return 0;
> }
>
> -
> /*
> * Update LRU sizes after isolating pages. The LRU size updates must
> * be complete before mem_cgroup_update_lru_size due to a sanity check.
> @@ -1685,17 +1674,34 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
> * only when the page is being freed somewhere else.
> */
> scan += nr_pages;
> - switch (__isolate_lru_page(page, mode)) {
> + switch (__isolate_lru_page_prepare(page, mode)) {
> case 0:
> + /*
> + * Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're
> + * sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the
> + * page release code relies on it.
> + */
> + if (unlikely(!get_page_unless_zero(page)))
> + goto busy;
> +
> + if (!TestClearPageLRU(page)) {
> + /*
> + * This page may in other isolation path,
> + * but we still hold lru_lock.
> + */
> + put_page(page);
> + goto busy;
> + }
> +
> nr_taken += nr_pages;
> nr_zone_taken[page_zonenum(page)] += nr_pages;
> list_move(&page->lru, dst);
> break;
> -
> +busy:
> case -EBUSY:

It's a long time since I read a C manual. I had to try that out in a
little test program: and it does seem to do the right thing. Maybe
I'm just very ignorant, and everybody else finds that natural: but I'd
feel more comfortable with the busy label on the line after the
"case -EBUSY:" - wouldn't you?

You could, of course, change that "case -EBUSY" to "default",
and delete the "default: BUG();" that follows: whatever you prefer.

> /* else it is being freed elsewhere */
> list_move(&page->lru, src);
> - continue;
> + break;

Aha. Yes, I like that change, I'm not going to throw a tantrum,
accusing you of sneaking in unrelated changes etc. You made me look
back at the history: it was "continue" from back in the days of
lumpy reclaim, when there was stuff after the switch statement
which needed to be skipped in the -EBUSY case. "break" looks
more natural to me now.

>
> default:
> BUG();
> --
> 1.8.3.1

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