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Subject[PATCH] nvme: replace meaningless judgement by checking whether req is null
Date
We met a crash issue when hot-insert a nvme device, blk_mq_tag_to_rq()
returned null(req=null), then crash happened in nvme_end_request():
req = blk_mq_tag_to_rq();
struct nvme_request *rq = nvme_req(req); //rq = req + 1
rq->result = result; <==crash here!!!

[ 1124.256246] nvme nvme5: pci function 0000:e1:00.0
[ 1124.256323] nvme 0000:e1:00.0: enabling device (0000 -> 0002)
[ 1125.720859] nvme nvme5: 96/0/0 default/read/poll queues
[ 1125.732483] nvme5n1: p1 p2 p3
[ 1125.788049] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000130
[ 1125.788054] PGD 0 P4D 0
[ 1125.788057] Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP NOPTI
[ 1125.788059] CPU: 50 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/50 Kdump: loaded Tainted: G
------- -t - 4.18.0-147.el8.x86_64 #1
[ 1125.788065] RIP: 0010:nvme_irq+0xe8/0x240 [nvme]
[ 1125.788068] RSP: 0018:ffff916b8ec83ed0 EFLAGS: 00010813
[ 1125.788069] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff918ae9211b00 RCX: 0000000000000000
[ 1125.788070] RDX: 000000000000400b RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000000000000000
[ 1125.788071] RBP: ffff918ae8870000 R08: 0000000000000004 R09: ffff918ae8870000
[ 1125.788072] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
[ 1125.788073] R13: 0000000000000001 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: 0000000000000001
[ 1125.788075] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff916b8ec80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
[ 1125.788075] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
[ 1125.788076] CR2: 0000000000000130 CR3: 0000001768f00000 CR4: 0000000000340ee0
[ 1125.788077] Call Trace:
[ 1125.788080] <IRQ>
[ 1125.788085] __handle_irq_event_percpu+0x40/0x180
[ 1125.788087] handle_irq_event_percpu+0x30/0x80
[ 1125.788089] handle_irq_event+0x36/0x53
[ 1125.788090] handle_edge_irq+0x82/0x190
[ 1125.788094] handle_irq+0xbf/0x100
[ 1125.788098] do_IRQ+0x49/0xd0
[ 1125.788100] common_interrupt+0xf/0xf

The analysis of the possible cause of above crash as below.

According to the test for io queues, in nvme_pci_enable(), 'dev->q_depth'
is set to 1024; in nvme_create_io_queues()->nvme_alloc_queue(),
'nvmeq->q_depth' is set to 'dev->q_depth'; in nvme_dev_add(),
'dev->tagset.queue_depth' is set to 1023:
dev->tagset.queue_depth = min_t(unsigned int, dev->q_depth,
BLK_MQ_MAX_DEPTH) - 1;
So we got below values for multiple depth:
dev->q_depth = 1024
dev->tagset.queue_depth = 1023
nvmeq->q_depth = 1024

In blk_mq_alloc_rqs(), it allocated 1023(dev->tagset.queue_depth) rqs for
one hw queue. In nvme_alloc_queue(), it allocated 1024(nvmeq->q_depth)
cqes for nvmeq->cqes[]. When process cqe in nvme_handle_cqe(), it get it
by:
struct nvme_completion *cqe = &nvmeq->cqes[idx];

We also added below prints in nvme_handle_cqe() and blk_mq_tag_to_rq():
static inline void nvme_handle_cqe(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 idx)
{
volatile struct nvme_completion *cqe = &nvmeq->cqes[idx];
struct request *req;

//debug print
dev_warn(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.device,
"command_id %d completed on queue %d, nvmeq q_depth %d,
nvme tagset q_depth %d, admin q_depth %d\n",
cqe->command_id, le16_to_cpu(cqe->sq_id),
nvmeq->q_depth, nvmeq->dev->tagset.queue_depth,
nvmeq->dev->admin_tagset.queue_depth);

if (unlikely(cqe->command_id >= nvmeq->q_depth)) {
dev_warn(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.device,
"invalid id %d completed on queue %d\n",
cqe->command_id, le16_to_cpu(cqe->sq_id));
return;
}

... ...

req = blk_mq_tag_to_rq(nvme_queue_tagset(nvmeq), cqe->command_id);
... ...
}

struct request *blk_mq_tag_to_rq(struct blk_mq_tags *tags,unsigned int tag)
{
//debug print
printk("tag, nr_tags:%d %d\n", tag, tags->nr_tags);
if (tag < tags->nr_tags) {
prefetch(tags->rqs[tag]);
return tags->rqs[tag];
}

return NULL;
}

According to the output, we know the max tag number(nr_tags) is 1023, but
nvmeq->q_depth is 1024 and nvmeq->cqes[] has 1024 cqes. So if command_id
(tag) is 1023, the judgement "if (unlikely(cqe->command_id >= nvmeq->q_depth))"
in nvme_handle_cqe() is useless, we will get a null pointer, which is
returned by blk_mq_tag_to_rq():
[ 16.649973] nvme nvme0: command_id 968 completed on queue 13,
nvmeq q_depth 1024, nvme tagset q_depth 1023, admin q_depth 30
[ 16.649974] tag, nr_tags:968 1023

In function blk_mq_alloc_map_and_requests(), it will adjust tagset depth by
'set->queue_depth >>= 1' if there is no enough memory for rqs. If this happens,
the real available number of tags(nr_tags) is much smaller than nvmeq->q_depth.
So the judgement "if (unlikely(cqe->command_id >= nvmeq->q_depth))" is really
meaningless.

It has the same issue for nvme admin queue, whose nvmeq->q_depth is 32, but
tagset depth is 30:
[ 7.489345] nvme nvme2: command id 24 completed on queue 0,
nvmeq q_depth 32, nvme tagset q_depth 0, admin q_depth 30
[ 7.489347] tag, nr_tags:24 30

This patch is to remove the meaningless judgement, we check whether the returned
req is null, if it is null, directly return. So with this patch, we can avoid a
potential null pointer deference.

Signed-off-by: Xianting Tian <tian.xianting@h3c.com>
---
drivers/nvme/host/pci.c | 14 +++++++-------
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
index 899d2f4d7..18a857b59 100644
--- a/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
+++ b/drivers/nvme/host/pci.c
@@ -940,13 +940,6 @@ static inline void nvme_handle_cqe(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 idx)
struct nvme_completion *cqe = &nvmeq->cqes[idx];
struct request *req;

- if (unlikely(cqe->command_id >= nvmeq->q_depth)) {
- dev_warn(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.device,
- "invalid id %d completed on queue %d\n",
- cqe->command_id, le16_to_cpu(cqe->sq_id));
- return;
- }
-
/*
* AEN requests are special as they don't time out and can
* survive any kind of queue freeze and often don't respond to
@@ -960,6 +953,13 @@ static inline void nvme_handle_cqe(struct nvme_queue *nvmeq, u16 idx)
}

req = blk_mq_tag_to_rq(nvme_queue_tagset(nvmeq), cqe->command_id);
+ if (unlikely(!req)) {
+ dev_warn(nvmeq->dev->ctrl.device,
+ "req is null for tag %d completed on queue %d\n",
+ cqe->command_id, le16_to_cpu(cqe->sq_id));
+ return;
+ }
+
trace_nvme_sq(req, cqe->sq_head, nvmeq->sq_tail);
if (!nvme_try_complete_req(req, cqe->status, cqe->result))
nvme_pci_complete_rq(req);
--
2.17.1
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