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Subject[PATCH v2 4/4] HID: i2c-hid: Use block reads when possible to save power
From: Sultan Alsawaf <>

We have no way of knowing how large an incoming payload is going to be,
so the only strategy available up until now has been to always retrieve
the maximum possible report length over i2c, which can be quite
inefficient. For devices that send reports in block read format, the i2c
controller driver can read the payload length on the fly and terminate
the i2c transaction early, resulting in considerable power savings.

On a Dell Precision 15 5540 with an i9-9880H, resting my finger on the
touchpad causes psys power readings to go up by about 4W and hover there
until I remove my finger. With this patch, my psys readings go from 4.7W
down to 3.1W, yielding about 1.6W in savings. This is because my
touchpad's max report length is 60 bytes, but all of the regular reports
it sends for touch events are only 32 bytes, so the i2c transfer is
roughly halved for the common case.

Acked-by: Jiri Kosina <>
Signed-off-by: Sultan Alsawaf <>
drivers/hid/i2c-hid/i2c-hid-core.c | 5 ++++-
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/hid/i2c-hid/i2c-hid-core.c b/drivers/hid/i2c-hid/i2c-hid-core.c
index dbd04492825d..66950f472122 100644
--- a/drivers/hid/i2c-hid/i2c-hid-core.c
+++ b/drivers/hid/i2c-hid/i2c-hid-core.c
@@ -476,11 +476,14 @@ static void i2c_hid_get_input(struct i2c_hid *ihid)
int ret;
u32 ret_size;
int size = le16_to_cpu(ihid->hdesc.wMaxInputLength);
+ u16 flags;

if (size > ihid->bufsize)
size = ihid->bufsize;

- ret = i2c_master_recv(ihid->client, ihid->inbuf, size);
+ /* Try to do a block read if the size fits in one byte */
+ flags = size > 255 ? I2C_M_RD : I2C_M_RD | I2C_M_RECV_LEN;
+ ret = i2c_transfer_buffer_flags(ihid->client, ihid->inbuf, size, flags);
if (ret != size) {
if (ret < 0)
 \ /
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