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Subject[PATCH RESEND v3 0/5] media: uvcvideo: Fix race conditions
Date
Something seems to have gone wrong with v3 of this patch series.
I am sure I sent it out, but I don't find it anywhere.
Resending. Sorry for any duplicates.

The uvcvideo code has no lock protection against USB disconnects
while video operations are ongoing. This has resulted in random
error reports, typically pointing to a crash in usb_ifnum_to_if(),
called from usb_hcd_alloc_bandwidth(). A typical traceback is as
follows.

usb 1-4: USB disconnect, device number 3
BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000000
PGD 0 P4D 0
Oops: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP PTI
CPU: 0 PID: 5633 Comm: V4L2CaptureThre Not tainted 4.19.113-08536-g5d29ca36db06 #1
Hardware name: GOOGLE Edgar, BIOS Google_Edgar.7287.167.156 03/25/2019
RIP: 0010:usb_ifnum_to_if+0x29/0x40
Code: <...>
RSP: 0018:ffffa46f42a47a80 EFLAGS: 00010246
RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: ffff904a396c9000
RDX: ffff904a39641320 RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: 0000000000000000
RBP: ffffa46f42a47a80 R08: 0000000000000002 R09: 0000000000000000
R10: 0000000000009975 R11: 0000000000000009 R12: 0000000000000000
R13: ffff904a396b3800 R14: ffff904a39e88000 R15: 0000000000000000
FS: 00007f396448e700(0000) GS:ffff904a3ba00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 000000016cb46000 CR4: 00000000001006f0
Call Trace:
usb_hcd_alloc_bandwidth+0x1ee/0x30f
usb_set_interface+0x1a3/0x2b7
uvc_video_start_transfer+0x29b/0x4b8 [uvcvideo]
uvc_video_start_streaming+0x91/0xdd [uvcvideo]
uvc_start_streaming+0x28/0x5d [uvcvideo]
vb2_start_streaming+0x61/0x143 [videobuf2_common]
vb2_core_streamon+0xf7/0x10f [videobuf2_common]
uvc_queue_streamon+0x2e/0x41 [uvcvideo]
uvc_ioctl_streamon+0x42/0x5c [uvcvideo]
__video_do_ioctl+0x33d/0x42a
video_usercopy+0x34e/0x5ff
? video_ioctl2+0x16/0x16
v4l2_ioctl+0x46/0x53
do_vfs_ioctl+0x50a/0x76f
ksys_ioctl+0x58/0x83
__x64_sys_ioctl+0x1a/0x1e
do_syscall_64+0x54/0xde

While there are not many references to this problem on mailing lists, it is
reported on a regular basis on various Chromebooks (roughly 300 reports
per month). The problem is relatively easy to reproduce by adding msleep()
calls into the code.

I tried to reproduce the problem with non-uvcvideo webcams, but was
unsuccessful. I was unable to get Philips (pwc) webcams to work. gspca
based webcams don't experience the problem, or at least I was unable to
reproduce it (The gspa driver does not trigger sending USB messages in the
open function, and otherwise uses the locking mechanism provided by the
v4l2/vb2 core).

I don't presume to claim that I found every issue, but this patch series
should fix at least the major problems.

The patch series was tested exensively on a Chromebook running chromeos-4.19
and on a Linux system running a v5.8.y based kernel.

v3:
- In patch 5/5, add missing calls to usb_autopm_put_interface() and kfree()
to failure code path

v2:
- Added details about problem frequency and testing with non-uvc webcams
to summary
- In patch 4/5, return EPOLLERR instead of -ENODEV on poll errors
- Fix description in patch 5/5

----------------------------------------------------------------
Guenter Roeck (5):
media: uvcvideo: Cancel async worker earlier
media: uvcvideo: Lock video streams and queues while unregistering
media: uvcvideo: Release stream queue when unregistering video device
media: uvcvideo: Protect uvc queue file operations against disconnect
media: uvcvideo: Abort uvc_v4l2_open if video device is unregistered

drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_ctrl.c | 11 ++++++----
drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_driver.c | 12 ++++++++++
drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_queue.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++--
drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvc_v4l2.c | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
drivers/media/usb/uvc/uvcvideo.h | 1 +
5 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

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