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SubjectRe: [PATCH] driver/pci: reduce the single block time in pci_read_config
Hi,

On Thu, 17 Sep 2020 at 00:56, Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Sun, Sep 13, 2020 at 12:27:09PM +0800, Jiang Biao wrote:
> > On Thu, 10 Sep 2020 at 09:59, Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > On Thu, Sep 10, 2020 at 09:54:02AM +0800, Jiang Biao wrote:
> > > > On Thu, 10 Sep 2020 at 09:25, Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > On Mon, Aug 24, 2020 at 01:20:25PM +0800, Jiang Biao wrote:
> > > > > > From: Jiang Biao <benbjiang@tencent.com>
> > > > > >
> > > > > > pci_read_config() could block several ms in kernel space, mainly
> > > > > > caused by the while loop to call pci_user_read_config_dword().
> > > > > > Singel pci_user_read_config_dword() loop could consume 130us+,
> > > > > > | pci_user_read_config_dword() {
> > > > > > | _raw_spin_lock_irq() {
> > > > > > ! 136.698 us | native_queued_spin_lock_slowpath();
> > > > > > ! 137.582 us | }
> > > > > > | pci_read() {
> > > > > > | raw_pci_read() {
> > > > > > | pci_conf1_read() {
> > > > > > 0.230 us | _raw_spin_lock_irqsave();
> > > > > > 0.035 us | _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore();
> > > > > > 8.476 us | }
> > > > > > 8.790 us | }
> > > > > > 9.091 us | }
> > > > > > ! 147.263 us | }
> > > > > > and dozens of the loop could consume ms+.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > If we execute some lspci commands concurrently, ms+ scheduling
> > > > > > latency could be detected.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Add scheduling chance in the loop to improve the latency.
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks for the patch, this makes a lot of sense.
> > > > >
> > > > > Shouldn't we do the same in pci_write_config()?
> > > >
> > > > Yes, IMHO, that could be helpful too.
> > >
> > > If it's feasible, it would be nice to actually verify that it makes a
> > > difference. I know config writes should be faster than reads, but
> > > they're certainly not as fast as a CPU can pump out data, so there
> > > must be *some* mechanism that slows the CPU down.
> > >
> > We failed to build a test case to produce the latency by setpci command,
> > AFAIU, setpci could be much less frequently realistically used than lspci.
> > So, the latency from pci_write_config() path could not be verified for now,
> > could we apply this patch alone to erase the verified latency introduced
> > by pci_read_config() path? :)
>
> Thanks for trying! I'll apply the patch as-is. I'd like to include a
Thanks. :)

> note in the commit log about the user-visible effect of this. I
> looked through recent similar commits:
>
> 928da37a229f ("RDMA/umem: Add a schedule point in ib_umem_get()")
> 47aaabdedf36 ("fanotify: Avoid softlockups when reading many events")
> 9f47eb5461aa ("fs/btrfs: Add cond_resched() for try_release_extent_mapping() stalls")
> 0a3b3c253a1e ("mm/mmap.c: Add cond_resched() for exit_mmap() CPU stalls")
> b7e3debdd040 ("mm/memory_hotplug.c: fix false softlockup during pfn range removal")
> d35bd764e689 ("dm writecache: add cond_resched to loop in persistent_memory_claim()")
> da97f2d56bbd ("mm: call cond_resched() from deferred_init_memmap()")
> ab8b65be1831 ("KVM: PPC: Book3S: Fix some RCU-list locks")
> 48c963e31bc6 ("KVM: arm/arm64: Release kvm->mmu_lock in loop to prevent starvation")
> e84fe99b68ce ("mm/page_alloc: fix watchdog soft lockups during set_zone_contiguous()")
> 4005f5c3c9d0 ("wireguard: send/receive: cond_resched() when processing worker ringbuffers")
> 3fd44c86711f ("io_uring: use cond_resched() in io_ring_ctx_wait_and_kill()")
> 7979457b1d3a ("net: bridge: vlan: Add a schedule point during VLAN processing")
> 2ed6edd33a21 ("perf: Add cond_resched() to task_function_call()")
> 1edaa447d958 ("dm writecache: add cond_resched to avoid CPU hangs")
> ce9a4186f9ac ("macvlan: add cond_resched() during multicast processing")
> 7be1b9b8e9d1 ("drm/mm: Break long searches in fragmented address spaces")
> bb699a793110 ("drm/i915/gem: Break up long lists of object reclaim")
> 9424ef56e13a ("ext4: add cond_resched() to __ext4_find_entry()")
>
> and many of them mention softlockups, RCU CPU stall warnings, or
> watchdogs triggering. Are you seeing one of those, or are you
No softlockup or RCU stall warnings.

> measuring latency some other way?
We test the scheduling latency by cyclictest benchmark, the max
latency could be more than 5ms without this patch. The ftrace log
shows pci_read_config is the main cause, and the 5ms+ latency
disappeared with this patch applied.

Thanks a lot.
Regards,
Jiang

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