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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC 2/4] mm/page_alloc: place pages to tail in __putback_isolated_page()
On Wed, Sep 16, 2020 at 11:34 AM David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> wrote:
>
> __putback_isolated_page() already documents that pages will be placed to
> the tail of the freelist - this is, however, not the case for
> "order >= MAX_ORDER - 2" (see buddy_merge_likely()) - which should be
> the case for all existing users.
>
> This change affects two users:
> - free page reporting
> - page isolation, when undoing the isolation.
>
> This behavior is desireable for pages that haven't really been touched

I think "desirable" is misspelled here.

> lately, so exactly the two users that don't actually read/write page
> content, but rather move untouched pages.

So in reality we were already dealing with this for page reporting,
but not in the most direct way. If I recall we were adding the pages
to the head of the list and then when we would go back to pull more
pages we were doing list rotation in the report function so they were
technically being added to the head, but usually would end up back on
the tail anyway. If anything the benefit for page reporting is that it
should be more direct this way as we will only have to rescan the
pages now when we have consumed all of the reported ones on the list.

> The new behavior is especially desirable for memory onlining, where we
> allow allocation of newly onlined pages via undo_isolate_page_range()
> in online_pages(). Right now, we always place them to the head of the
> free list, resulting in undesireable behavior: Assume we add
> individual memory chunks via add_memory() and online them right away to
> the NORMAL zone. We create a dependency chain of unmovable allocations
> e.g., via the memmap. The memmap of the next chunk will be placed onto
> previous chunks - if the last block cannot get offlined+removed, all
> dependent ones cannot get offlined+removed. While this can already be
> observed with individual DIMMs, it's more of an issue for virtio-mem
> (and I suspect also ppc DLPAR).
>
> Note: If we observe a degradation due to the changed page isolation
> behavior (which I doubt), we can always make this configurable by the
> instance triggering undo of isolation (e.g., alloc_contig_range(),
> memory onlining, memory offlining).
>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
> Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> ---
> mm/page_alloc.c | 10 +++++++++-
> 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index 91cefb8157dd..bba9a0f60c70 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -89,6 +89,12 @@ typedef int __bitwise fop_t;
> */
> #define FOP_SKIP_REPORT_NOTIFY ((__force fop_t)BIT(0))
>
> +/*
> + * Place the freed page to the tail of the freelist after buddy merging. Will
> + * get ignored with page shuffling enabled.
> + */
> +#define FOP_TO_TAIL ((__force fop_t)BIT(1))
> +
> /* prevent >1 _updater_ of zone percpu pageset ->high and ->batch fields */
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(pcp_batch_high_lock);
> #define MIN_PERCPU_PAGELIST_FRACTION (8)
> @@ -1040,6 +1046,8 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page, unsigned long pfn,
>
> if (is_shuffle_order(order))
> to_tail = shuffle_pick_tail();
> + else if (fop_flags & FOP_TO_TAIL)
> + to_tail = true;
> else
> to_tail = buddy_merge_likely(pfn, buddy_pfn, page, order);
>
> @@ -3289,7 +3297,7 @@ void __putback_isolated_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order, int mt)
>
> /* Return isolated page to tail of freelist. */
> __free_one_page(page, page_to_pfn(page), zone, order, mt,
> - FOP_SKIP_REPORT_NOTIFY);
> + FOP_SKIP_REPORT_NOTIFY | FOP_TO_TAIL);
> }
>
> /*

The code looks good to me.

Reviewed-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>

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