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SubjectRE: [PATCH] cma: make number of CMA areas dynamic, remove CONFIG_CMA_AREAS
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> -----Original Message-----
> From: Mike Kravetz [mailto:mike.kravetz@oracle.com]
> Sent: Wednesday, September 16, 2020 8:57 AM
> To: linux-mm@kvack.org; linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org;
> linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org; linux-mips@vger.kernel.org
> Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>; Song Bao Hua (Barry Song)
> <song.bao.hua@hisilicon.com>; Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>; Joonsoo
> Kim <js1304@gmail.com>; Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>; Aslan Bakirov
> <aslan@fb.com>; Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>; Andrew Morton
> <akpm@linux-foundation.org>; Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] cma: make number of CMA areas dynamic, remove
> CONFIG_CMA_AREAS
>
> The number of distinct CMA areas is limited by the constant
> CONFIG_CMA_AREAS. In most environments, this was set to a default
> value of 7. Not too long ago, support was added to allocate hugetlb
> gigantic pages from CMA. More recent changes to make dma_alloc_coherent
> NUMA-aware on arm64 added more potential users of CMA areas. Along
> with the dma_alloc_coherent changes, the default value of CMA_AREAS
> was bumped up to 19 if NUMA is enabled.
>
> It seems that the number of CMA users is likely to grow. Instead of
> using a static array for cma areas, use a simple linked list. These
> areas are used before normal memory allocators, so use the memblock
> allocator.
>
> Acked-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
> Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
> ---
> rfc->v1
> - Made minor changes suggested by Song Bao Hua (Barry Song)
> - Removed check for late calls to cma_init_reserved_mem that was part
> of RFC.
> - Added ACK from Roman Gushchin
> - Still in need of arm testing

Unfortunately, the test result on my arm64 board is negative, Linux can't boot after applying
this patch.

I guess we have to hold on this patch for a while till this is fixed. BTW, Mike, do you have
a qemu-based arm64 numa system to debug? It is very easy to reproduce, we don't need to
use hugetlb_cma and pernuma_cma. Just the default cma will make the boot hang.

>
> arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c | 28 ++++++++++++-------
> arch/mips/configs/cu1000-neo_defconfig | 1 -
> arch/mips/configs/cu1830-neo_defconfig | 1 -
> include/linux/cma.h | 12 ---------
> mm/Kconfig | 12 ---------
> mm/cma.c | 37 +++++++++++---------------
> mm/cma.h | 4 +--
> mm/cma_debug.c | 6 ++---
> 8 files changed, 39 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c b/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c
> index 8a8949174b1c..764286637a0b 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c
> @@ -383,25 +383,33 @@ postcore_initcall(atomic_pool_init);
> struct dma_contig_early_reserve {
> phys_addr_t base;
> unsigned long size;
> + struct list_head areas;
> };
>
> -static struct dma_contig_early_reserve dma_mmu_remap[MAX_CMA_AREAS]
> __initdata;
> -
> -static int dma_mmu_remap_num __initdata;
> +static __initdata LIST_HEAD(dma_mmu_remap_areas);
>
> void __init dma_contiguous_early_fixup(phys_addr_t base, unsigned long
> size)
> {
> - dma_mmu_remap[dma_mmu_remap_num].base = base;
> - dma_mmu_remap[dma_mmu_remap_num].size = size;
> - dma_mmu_remap_num++;
> + struct dma_contig_early_reserve *d;
> +
> + d = memblock_alloc(sizeof(*d), sizeof(void *));
> + if (!d) {
> + pr_err("Unable to allocate dma_contig_early_reserve struct!\n");
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + d->base = base;
> + d->size = size;
> + list_add_tail(&d->areas, &dma_mmu_remap_areas);
> }
>
> void __init dma_contiguous_remap(void)
> {
> - int i;
> - for (i = 0; i < dma_mmu_remap_num; i++) {
> - phys_addr_t start = dma_mmu_remap[i].base;
> - phys_addr_t end = start + dma_mmu_remap[i].size;
> + struct dma_contig_early_reserve *d;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(d, &dma_mmu_remap_areas, areas) {
> + phys_addr_t start = d->base;
> + phys_addr_t end = start + d->size;
> struct map_desc map;
> unsigned long addr;
>
> diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/cu1000-neo_defconfig
> b/arch/mips/configs/cu1000-neo_defconfig
> index e924c817f73d..b86f3fd420f2 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/configs/cu1000-neo_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/mips/configs/cu1000-neo_defconfig
> @@ -31,7 +31,6 @@ CONFIG_HZ_100=y
> # CONFIG_CORE_DUMP_DEFAULT_ELF_HEADERS is not set
> # CONFIG_COMPACTION is not set
> CONFIG_CMA=y
> -CONFIG_CMA_AREAS=7
> CONFIG_NET=y
> CONFIG_PACKET=y
> CONFIG_UNIX=y
> diff --git a/arch/mips/configs/cu1830-neo_defconfig
> b/arch/mips/configs/cu1830-neo_defconfig
> index cbfb62900273..98a31334fc57 100644
> --- a/arch/mips/configs/cu1830-neo_defconfig
> +++ b/arch/mips/configs/cu1830-neo_defconfig
> @@ -31,7 +31,6 @@ CONFIG_HZ_100=y
> # CONFIG_CORE_DUMP_DEFAULT_ELF_HEADERS is not set
> # CONFIG_COMPACTION is not set
> CONFIG_CMA=y
> -CONFIG_CMA_AREAS=7
> CONFIG_NET=y
> CONFIG_PACKET=y
> CONFIG_UNIX=y
> diff --git a/include/linux/cma.h b/include/linux/cma.h
> index 217999c8a762..ea9a3dab0c20 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cma.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cma.h
> @@ -6,18 +6,6 @@
> #include <linux/types.h>
> #include <linux/numa.h>
>
> -/*
> - * There is always at least global CMA area and a few optional
> - * areas configured in kernel .config.
> - */
> -#ifdef CONFIG_CMA_AREAS
> -#define MAX_CMA_AREAS (1 + CONFIG_CMA_AREAS)
> -
> -#else
> -#define MAX_CMA_AREAS (0)
> -
> -#endif
> -
> #define CMA_MAX_NAME 64
>
> struct cma;
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index 7d56281ff41e..a52345093f4d 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -513,18 +513,6 @@ config CMA_DEBUGFS
> help
> Turns on the DebugFS interface for CMA.
>
> -config CMA_AREAS
> - int "Maximum count of the CMA areas"
> - depends on CMA
> - default 19 if NUMA
> - default 7
> - help
> - CMA allows to create CMA areas for particular purpose, mainly,
> - used as device private area. This parameter sets the maximum
> - number of CMA area in the system.
> -
> - If unsure, leave the default value "7" in UMA and "19" in NUMA.
> -
> config MEM_SOFT_DIRTY
> bool "Track memory changes"
> depends on CHECKPOINT_RESTORE && HAVE_ARCH_SOFT_DIRTY &&
> PROC_FS
> diff --git a/mm/cma.c b/mm/cma.c
> index 7f415d7cda9f..f3a983acf70e 100644
> --- a/mm/cma.c
> +++ b/mm/cma.c
> @@ -36,8 +36,9 @@
>
> #include "cma.h"
>
> -struct cma cma_areas[MAX_CMA_AREAS];
> -unsigned cma_area_count;
> +/* modify here */
> +LIST_HEAD(cma_areas);
> +static unsigned int cma_area_count;
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(cma_mutex);
>
> phys_addr_t cma_get_base(const struct cma *cma)
> @@ -143,10 +144,10 @@ static void __init cma_activate_area(struct cma
> *cma)
>
> static int __init cma_init_reserved_areas(void)
> {
> - int i;
> + struct cma *c;
>
> - for (i = 0; i < cma_area_count; i++)
> - cma_activate_area(&cma_areas[i]);
> + list_for_each_entry(c, &cma_areas, areas)
> + cma_activate_area(c);
>
> return 0;
> }
> @@ -172,12 +173,6 @@ int __init cma_init_reserved_mem(phys_addr_t base,
> phys_addr_t size,
> struct cma *cma;
> phys_addr_t alignment;
>
> - /* Sanity checks */
> - if (cma_area_count == ARRAY_SIZE(cma_areas)) {
> - pr_err("Not enough slots for CMA reserved regions!\n");
> - return -ENOSPC;
> - }
> -
> if (!size || !memblock_is_region_reserved(base, size))
> return -EINVAL;
>
> @@ -192,12 +187,17 @@ int __init cma_init_reserved_mem(phys_addr_t
> base, phys_addr_t size,
> if (ALIGN(base, alignment) != base || ALIGN(size, alignment) != size)
> return -EINVAL;
>
> + cma = memblock_alloc(sizeof(*cma), sizeof(long));
> + if (!cma) {
> + pr_err("Unable to allocate CMA descriptor!\n");
> + return -ENOSPC;
> + }
> + list_add_tail(&cma->areas, &cma_areas);
> +
> /*
> * Each reserved area must be initialised later, when more kernel
> * subsystems (like slab allocator) are available.
> */
> - cma = &cma_areas[cma_area_count];
> -
> if (name)
> snprintf(cma->name, CMA_MAX_NAME, name);
> else
> @@ -253,11 +253,6 @@ int __init cma_declare_contiguous_nid(phys_addr_t
> base,
> pr_debug("%s(size %pa, base %pa, limit %pa alignment %pa)\n",
> __func__, &size, &base, &limit, &alignment);
>
> - if (cma_area_count == ARRAY_SIZE(cma_areas)) {
> - pr_err("Not enough slots for CMA reserved regions!\n");
> - return -ENOSPC;
> - }
> -
> if (!size)
> return -EINVAL;
>
> @@ -530,10 +525,10 @@ bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, const struct
> page *pages, unsigned int count)
>
> int cma_for_each_area(int (*it)(struct cma *cma, void *data), void *data)
> {
> - int i;
> + struct cma *c;
>
> - for (i = 0; i < cma_area_count; i++) {
> - int ret = it(&cma_areas[i], data);
> + list_for_each_entry(c, &cma_areas, areas) {
> + int ret = it(c, data);
>
> if (ret)
> return ret;
> diff --git a/mm/cma.h b/mm/cma.h
> index 42ae082cb067..fed800b63819 100644
> --- a/mm/cma.h
> +++ b/mm/cma.h
> @@ -15,11 +15,11 @@ struct cma {
> spinlock_t mem_head_lock;
> struct debugfs_u32_array dfs_bitmap;
> #endif
> + struct list_head areas;
> char name[CMA_MAX_NAME];
> };
>
> -extern struct cma cma_areas[MAX_CMA_AREAS];
> -extern unsigned cma_area_count;
> +extern struct list_head cma_areas;
>
> static inline unsigned long cma_bitmap_maxno(struct cma *cma)
> {
> diff --git a/mm/cma_debug.c b/mm/cma_debug.c
> index d5bf8aa34fdc..c39695d50224 100644
> --- a/mm/cma_debug.c
> +++ b/mm/cma_debug.c
> @@ -188,12 +188,12 @@ static void cma_debugfs_add_one(struct cma *cma,
> struct dentry *root_dentry)
> static int __init cma_debugfs_init(void)
> {
> struct dentry *cma_debugfs_root;
> - int i;
> + struct cma *c;
>
> cma_debugfs_root = debugfs_create_dir("cma", NULL);
>
> - for (i = 0; i < cma_area_count; i++)
> - cma_debugfs_add_one(&cma_areas[i], cma_debugfs_root);
> + list_for_each_entry(c, &cma_areas, areas)
> + cma_debugfs_add_one(c, cma_debugfs_root);
>
> return 0;
> }
> --
> 2.25.4

Thanks
Barry

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