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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 0/5] seqlock: Introduce PREEMPT_RT support
On Tue, Sep 15, 2020 at 08:48:17PM +0800, Boqun Feng wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 14, 2020 at 08:20:53PM -0400, Qian Cai wrote:
> > On Fri, 2020-09-04 at 17:32 +0200, Ahmed S. Darwish wrote:
> > > Hi,
> > >
> > > Changelog-v2
> > > ============
> > >
> > > - Standardize on seqcount_LOCKNAME_t as the canonical reference for
> > > sequence counters with associated locks, instead of v1
> > > seqcount_LOCKTYPE_t.
> > >
> > > - Use unique prefix "seqprop_*" for all seqcount_t/seqcount_LOCKNAME_t
> > > property accessors.
> > >
> > > - Touch-up the lock-unlock rationale for more clarity. Enforce writer
> > > non-preemitiblity using "__seq_enforce_writer_non_preemptibility()".
> > >
> > > Cover letter (v1)
> > > =================
> > >
> > > https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200828010710.5407-1-a.darwish@linutronix.de
> > >
> > > Preemption must be disabled before entering a sequence counter write
> > > side critical section. Otherwise the read side section can preempt the
> > > write side section and spin for the entire scheduler tick. If that
> > > reader belongs to a real-time scheduling class, it can spin forever and
> > > the kernel will livelock.
> > >
> > > Disabling preemption cannot be done for PREEMPT_RT though: it can lead
> > > to higher latencies, and the write side sections will not be able to
> > > acquire locks which become sleeping locks (e.g. spinlock_t).
> > >
> > > To remain preemptible, while avoiding a possible livelock caused by the
> > > reader preempting the writer, use a different technique: let the reader
> > > detect if a seqcount_LOCKNAME_t writer is in progress. If that's the
> > > case, acquire then release the associated LOCKNAME writer serialization
> > > lock. This will allow any possibly-preempted writer to make progress
> > > until the end of its writer serialization lock critical section.
> > >
> > > Implement this lock-unlock technique for all seqcount_LOCKNAME_t with
> > > an associated (PREEMPT_RT) sleeping lock, and for seqlock_t.
> >
> > Reverting this patchset [1] from today's linux-next fixed a splat below. The
> > splat looks like a false positive anyway because the existing locking dependency
> > chains from the task #1 here:
> >
> > &s->seqcount#2 ---> pidmap_lock
> >
> > [ 528.078061][ T7867] -> #1 (pidmap_lock){....}-{2:2}:
> > [ 528.078078][ T7867] lock_acquire+0x10c/0x560
> > [ 528.078089][ T7867] _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x64/0xb0
> > [ 528.078108][ T7867] free_pid+0x5c/0x160
> > free_pid at kernel/pid.c:131
> > [ 528.078127][ T7867] release_task.part.40+0x59c/0x7f0
> > __unhash_process at kernel/exit.c:76
> > (inlined by) __exit_signal at kernel/exit.c:147
> > (inlined by) release_task at kernel/exit.c:198
> > [ 528.078145][ T7867] do_exit+0x77c/0xda0
> > exit_notify at kernel/exit.c:679
> > (inlined by) do_exit at kernel/exit.c:826
> > [ 528.078163][ T7867] kthread+0x148/0x1d0
> > [ 528.078182][ T7867] ret_from_kernel_thread+0x5c/0x80
> >
> > It is write_seqlock(&sig->stats_lock) in __exit_signal(), but the &s->seqcount#2
> > in read_mems_allowed_begin() is read_seqcount_begin(&current->mems_allowed_seq),
> > so there should be no deadlock?
> >
>
> I think this happened because seqcount_##lockname##_init() is defined at
> function rather than macro, so when the seqcount_init() gets expand in
> that function, the lock_class_key of seqcount will be a static variable
> of seqcount_##lockname##_init() function, as a result, all
> seqcount_##lockname##_t in the same compile unit (in this case it's
> kernel/fork.c) share the same lock class key, and lockdep thought they
> are the same lock ;-)
>

Don't know how to fix this properly, but below is an ugly attemption,
only build test, just food for thoughts.

Regards,
Boqun

--------------->8
diff --git a/include/linux/seqlock.h b/include/linux/seqlock.h
index f73c7eb68f27..938a5053def3 100644
--- a/include/linux/seqlock.h
+++ b/include/linux/seqlock.h
@@ -84,14 +84,18 @@ static inline void __seqcount_init(seqcount_t *s, const char *name,
# define SEQCOUNT_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \
.dep_map = { .name = #lockname }

+# define MSIOCU 8 /* MAX SEQCOUNT IN ON COMPILE UNIT */
/**
* seqcount_init() - runtime initializer for seqcount_t
* @s: Pointer to the seqcount_t instance
*/
# define seqcount_init(s) \
do { \
- static struct lock_class_key __key; \
- __seqcount_init((s), #s, &__key); \
+ static struct lock_class_key __key[MSIOCU]; \
+ static int idx = 0; \
+ \
+ BUG_ON(idx >= MSIOCU); \
+ __seqcount_init((s), #s, &__key[idx++]); \
} while (0)

static inline void seqcount_lockdep_reader_access(const seqcount_t *s)
\
 
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