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Subject[PATCH v3 2/3] mm: don't rely on system state to detect hot-plug operations
Date
In register_mem_sect_under_node() the system_state’s value is checked to
detect whether the call is made during boot time or during an hot-plug
operation. Unfortunately, that check against SYSTEM_BOOTING is wrong
because regular memory is registered at SYSTEM_SCHEDULING state. In
addition, memory hot-plug operation can be triggered at this system state
by the ACPI [1]. So checking against the system state is not enough.

The consequence is that on system with interleaved node's ranges like this:
Early memory node ranges
node 1: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000011fffffff]
node 2: [mem 0x0000000120000000-0x000000014fffffff]
node 1: [mem 0x0000000150000000-0x00000001ffffffff]
node 0: [mem 0x0000000200000000-0x000000048fffffff]
node 2: [mem 0x0000000490000000-0x00000007ffffffff]

This can be seen on PowerPC LPAR after multiple memory hot-plug and
hot-unplug operations are done. At the next reboot the node's memory ranges
can be interleaved and since the call to link_mem_sections() is made in
topology_init() while the system is in the SYSTEM_SCHEDULING state, the
node's id is not checked, and the sections registered to multiple nodes:

$ ls -l /sys/devices/system/memory/memory21/node*
total 0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Aug 24 05:27 node1 -> ../../node/node1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Aug 24 05:27 node2 -> ../../node/node2

In that case, the system is able to boot but if later one of theses memory
blocks is hot-unplugged and then hot-plugged, the sysfs inconsistency is
detected and this is triggering a BUG_ON():

------------[ cut here ]------------
kernel BUG at /Users/laurent/src/linux-ppc/mm/memory_hotplug.c:1084!
Oops: Exception in kernel mode, sig: 5 [#1]
LE PAGE_SIZE=64K MMU=Hash SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
Modules linked in: rpadlpar_io rpaphp pseries_rng rng_core vmx_crypto gf128mul binfmt_misc ip_tables x_tables xfs libcrc32c crc32c_vpmsum autofs4
CPU: 8 PID: 10256 Comm: drmgr Not tainted 5.9.0-rc1+ #25
NIP: c000000000403f34 LR: c000000000403f2c CTR: 0000000000000000
REGS: c0000004876e3660 TRAP: 0700 Not tainted (5.9.0-rc1+)
MSR: 800000000282b033 <SF,VEC,VSX,EE,FP,ME,IR,DR,RI,LE> CR: 24000448 XER: 20040000
CFAR: c000000000846d20 IRQMASK: 0
GPR00: c000000000403f2c c0000004876e38f0 c0000000012f6f00 ffffffffffffffef
GPR04: 0000000000000227 c0000004805ae680 0000000000000000 00000004886f0000
GPR08: 0000000000000226 0000000000000003 0000000000000002 fffffffffffffffd
GPR12: 0000000088000484 c00000001ec96280 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
GPR16: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000004 0000000000000003
GPR20: c00000047814ffe0 c0000007ffff7c08 0000000000000010 c0000000013332c8
GPR24: 0000000000000000 c0000000011f6cc0 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
GPR28: ffffffffffffffef 0000000000000001 0000000150000000 0000000010000000
NIP [c000000000403f34] add_memory_resource+0x244/0x340
LR [c000000000403f2c] add_memory_resource+0x23c/0x340
Call Trace:
[c0000004876e38f0] [c000000000403f2c] add_memory_resource+0x23c/0x340 (unreliable)
[c0000004876e39c0] [c00000000040408c] __add_memory+0x5c/0xf0
[c0000004876e39f0] [c0000000000e2b94] dlpar_add_lmb+0x1b4/0x500
[c0000004876e3ad0] [c0000000000e3888] dlpar_memory+0x1f8/0xb80
[c0000004876e3b60] [c0000000000dc0d0] handle_dlpar_errorlog+0xc0/0x190
[c0000004876e3bd0] [c0000000000dc398] dlpar_store+0x198/0x4a0
[c0000004876e3c90] [c00000000072e630] kobj_attr_store+0x30/0x50
[c0000004876e3cb0] [c00000000051f954] sysfs_kf_write+0x64/0x90
[c0000004876e3cd0] [c00000000051ee40] kernfs_fop_write+0x1b0/0x290
[c0000004876e3d20] [c000000000438dd8] vfs_write+0xe8/0x290
[c0000004876e3d70] [c0000000004391ac] ksys_write+0xdc/0x130
[c0000004876e3dc0] [c000000000034e40] system_call_exception+0x160/0x270
[c0000004876e3e20] [c00000000000d740] system_call_common+0xf0/0x27c
Instruction dump:
48442e35 60000000 0b030000 3cbe0001 7fa3eb78 7bc48402 38a5fffe 7ca5fa14
78a58402 48442db1 60000000 7c7c1b78 <0b030000> 7f23cb78 4bda371d 60000000
---[ end trace 562fd6c109cd0fb2 ]---

This patch addresses the root cause by not relying on the system_state
value to detect whether the call is due to a hot-plug operation. An extra
parameter is added to link_mem_sections() detailing whether the operation
is due to a hot-plug operation.

[1] According to Oscar Salvador, using this qemu command line, ACPI memory
hotplug operations are raised at SYSTEM_SCHEDULING state:

$QEMU -enable-kvm -machine pc -smp 4,sockets=4,cores=1,threads=1 -cpu host -monitor pty \
-m size=$MEM,slots=255,maxmem=4294967296k \
-numa node,nodeid=0,cpus=0-3,mem=512 -numa node,nodeid=1,mem=512 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm0,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm0,id=dimm0,slot=0 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm1,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm1,id=dimm1,slot=1 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm2,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm2,id=dimm2,slot=2 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm3,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=0,memdev=memdimm3,id=dimm3,slot=3 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm4,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=1,memdev=memdimm4,id=dimm4,slot=4 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm5,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=1,memdev=memdimm5,id=dimm5,slot=5 \
-object memory-backend-ram,id=memdimm6,size=134217728 -device pc-dimm,node=1,memdev=memdimm6,id=dimm6,slot=6 \

Fixes: 4fbce633910e ("mm/memory_hotplug.c: make register_mem_sect_under_node() a callback of walk_memory_range()")
Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
---
drivers/base/node.c | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
include/linux/node.h | 11 +++---
mm/memory_hotplug.c | 3 +-
3 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 35 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/base/node.c b/drivers/base/node.c
index 508b80f6329b..50af16e68d98 100644
--- a/drivers/base/node.c
+++ b/drivers/base/node.c
@@ -761,14 +761,36 @@ static int __ref get_nid_for_pfn(unsigned long pfn)
return pfn_to_nid(pfn);
}

+static int do_register_memory_block_under_node(int nid,
+ struct memory_block *mem_blk)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /*
+ * If this memory block spans multiple nodes, we only indicate
+ * the last processed node.
+ */
+ mem_blk->nid = nid;
+
+ ret = sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
+ &mem_blk->dev.kobj,
+ kobject_name(&mem_blk->dev.kobj));
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ return sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&mem_blk->dev.kobj,
+ &node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
+ kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
+}
+
/* register memory section under specified node if it spans that node */
-static int register_mem_sect_under_node(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
- void *arg)
+static int register_mem_block_under_node_early(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
+ void *arg)
{
unsigned long memory_block_pfns = memory_block_size_bytes() / PAGE_SIZE;
unsigned long start_pfn = section_nr_to_pfn(mem_blk->start_section_nr);
unsigned long end_pfn = start_pfn + memory_block_pfns - 1;
- int ret, nid = *(int *)arg;
+ int nid = *(int *)arg;
unsigned long pfn;

for (pfn = start_pfn; pfn <= end_pfn; pfn++) {
@@ -785,38 +807,33 @@ static int register_mem_sect_under_node(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
}

/*
- * We need to check if page belongs to nid only for the boot
- * case, during hotplug we know that all pages in the memory
- * block belong to the same node.
- */
- if (system_state == SYSTEM_BOOTING) {
- page_nid = get_nid_for_pfn(pfn);
- if (page_nid < 0)
- continue;
- if (page_nid != nid)
- continue;
- }
-
- /*
- * If this memory block spans multiple nodes, we only indicate
- * the last processed node.
+ * We need to check if page belongs to nid only at the boot
+ * case because node's ranges can be interleaved.
*/
- mem_blk->nid = nid;
-
- ret = sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
- &mem_blk->dev.kobj,
- kobject_name(&mem_blk->dev.kobj));
- if (ret)
- return ret;
+ page_nid = get_nid_for_pfn(pfn);
+ if (page_nid < 0)
+ continue;
+ if (page_nid != nid)
+ continue;

- return sysfs_create_link_nowarn(&mem_blk->dev.kobj,
- &node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj,
- kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
+ return do_register_memory_block_under_node(nid, mem_blk);
}
/* mem section does not span the specified node */
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * During hotplug we know that all pages in the memory block belong to the same
+ * node.
+ */
+static int register_mem_block_under_node_hotplug(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
+ void *arg)
+{
+ int nid = *(int *)arg;
+
+ return do_register_memory_block_under_node(nid, mem_blk);
+}
+
/*
* Unregister a memory block device under the node it spans. Memory blocks
* with multiple nodes cannot be offlined and therefore also never be removed.
@@ -832,11 +849,19 @@ void unregister_memory_block_under_nodes(struct memory_block *mem_blk)
kobject_name(&node_devices[mem_blk->nid]->dev.kobj));
}

-int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn)
+int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn,
+ enum meminit_context context)
{
+ walk_memory_blocks_func_t func;
+
+ if (context == MEMINIT_HOTPLUG)
+ func = register_mem_block_under_node_hotplug;
+ else
+ func = register_mem_block_under_node_early;
+
return walk_memory_blocks(PFN_PHYS(start_pfn),
PFN_PHYS(end_pfn - start_pfn), (void *)&nid,
- register_mem_sect_under_node);
+ func);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
diff --git a/include/linux/node.h b/include/linux/node.h
index 4866f32a02d8..014ba3ab2efd 100644
--- a/include/linux/node.h
+++ b/include/linux/node.h
@@ -99,11 +99,13 @@ extern struct node *node_devices[];
typedef void (*node_registration_func_t)(struct node *);

#if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA)
-extern int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
- unsigned long end_pfn);
+int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
+ unsigned long end_pfn,
+ enum meminit_context context);
#else
static inline int link_mem_sections(int nid, unsigned long start_pfn,
- unsigned long end_pfn)
+ unsigned long end_pfn,
+ enum meminit_context context)
{
return 0;
}
@@ -128,7 +130,8 @@ static inline int register_one_node(int nid)
if (error)
return error;
/* link memory sections under this node */
- error = link_mem_sections(nid, start_pfn, end_pfn);
+ error = link_mem_sections(nid, start_pfn, end_pfn,
+ MEMINIT_EARLY);
}

return error;
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index fc25886ad719..03df20078827 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -1080,7 +1080,8 @@ int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *res)
}

/* link memory sections under this node.*/
- ret = link_mem_sections(nid, PFN_DOWN(start), PFN_UP(start + size - 1));
+ ret = link_mem_sections(nid, PFN_DOWN(start), PFN_UP(start + size - 1),
+ MEMINIT_HOTPLUG);
BUG_ON(ret);

/* create new memmap entry */
--
2.28.0
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