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Subject[PATCH v4 03/11] Drivers: hv: vmbus: Introduce types of GPADL
Date
This patch introduces two types of GPADL: HV_GPADL_{BUFFER, RING}. The
types of GPADL are purely the concept in the guest, IOW the hypervisor
treat them as the same.

The reason of introducing the types for GPADL is to support guests whose
page size is not 4k (the page size of Hyper-V hypervisor). In these
guests, both the headers and the data parts of the ringbuffers need to
be aligned to the PAGE_SIZE, because 1) some of the ringbuffers will be
mapped into userspace and 2) we use "double mapping" mechanism to
support fast wrap-around, and "double mapping" relies on ringbuffers
being page-aligned. However, the Hyper-V hypervisor only uses 4k
(HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE) headers. Our solution to this is that we always make
the headers of ringbuffers take one guest page and when GPADL is
established between the guest and hypervisor, the only first 4k of
header is used. To handle this special case, we need the types of GPADL
to differ different guest memory usage for GPADL.

Type enum is introduced along with several general interfaces to
describe the differences between normal buffer GPADL and ringbuffer
GPADL.

Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
---
drivers/hv/channel.c | 160 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
include/linux/hyperv.h | 48 ++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 187 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/hv/channel.c b/drivers/hv/channel.c
index 1cbe8fc931fc..45267b6d069e 100644
--- a/drivers/hv/channel.c
+++ b/drivers/hv/channel.c
@@ -35,6 +35,99 @@ static unsigned long virt_to_hvpfn(void *addr)
return paddr >> HV_HYP_PAGE_SHIFT;
}

+/*
+ * hv_gpadl_size - Return the real size of a gpadl, the size that Hyper-V uses
+ *
+ * For BUFFER gpadl, Hyper-V uses the exact same size as the guest does.
+ *
+ * For RING gpadl, in each ring, the guest uses one PAGE_SIZE as the header
+ * (because of the alignment requirement), however, the hypervisor only
+ * uses the first HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE as the header, therefore leaving a
+ * (PAGE_SIZE - HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE) gap. And since there are two rings in a
+ * ringbuffer, the total size for a RING gpadl that Hyper-V uses is the
+ * total size that the guest uses minus twice of the gap size.
+ */
+static inline u32 hv_gpadl_size(enum hv_gpadl_type type, u32 size)
+{
+ switch (type) {
+ case HV_GPADL_BUFFER:
+ return size;
+ case HV_GPADL_RING:
+ /* The size of a ringbuffer must be page-aligned */
+ BUG_ON(size % PAGE_SIZE);
+ /*
+ * Two things to notice here:
+ * 1) We're processing two ring buffers as a unit
+ * 2) We're skipping any space larger than HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE in
+ * the first guest-size page of each of the two ring buffers.
+ * So we effectively subtract out two guest-size pages, and add
+ * back two Hyper-V size pages.
+ */
+ return size - 2 * (PAGE_SIZE - HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE);
+ }
+ BUG();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * hv_ring_gpadl_send_hvpgoffset - Calculate the send offset (in unit of
+ * HV_HYP_PAGE) in a ring gpadl based on the
+ * offset in the guest
+ *
+ * @offset: the offset (in bytes) where the send ringbuffer starts in the
+ * virtual address space of the guest
+ */
+static inline u32 hv_ring_gpadl_send_hvpgoffset(u32 offset)
+{
+
+ /*
+ * For RING gpadl, in each ring, the guest uses one PAGE_SIZE as the
+ * header (because of the alignment requirement), however, the
+ * hypervisor only uses the first HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE as the header,
+ * therefore leaving a (PAGE_SIZE - HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE) gap.
+ *
+ * And to calculate the effective send offset in gpadl, we need to
+ * substract this gap.
+ */
+ return (offset - (PAGE_SIZE - HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE)) >> HV_HYP_PAGE_SHIFT;
+}
+
+/*
+ * hv_gpadl_hvpfn - Return the Hyper-V page PFN of the @i th Hyper-V page in
+ * the gpadl
+ *
+ * @type: the type of the gpadl
+ * @kbuffer: the pointer to the gpadl in the guest
+ * @size: the total size (in bytes) of the gpadl
+ * @send_offset: the offset (in bytes) where the send ringbuffer starts in the
+ * virtual address space of the guest
+ * @i: the index
+ */
+static inline u64 hv_gpadl_hvpfn(enum hv_gpadl_type type, void *kbuffer,
+ u32 size, u32 send_offset, int i)
+{
+ int send_idx = hv_ring_gpadl_send_hvpgoffset(send_offset);
+ unsigned long delta = 0UL;
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case HV_GPADL_BUFFER:
+ break;
+ case HV_GPADL_RING:
+ if (i == 0)
+ delta = 0;
+ else if (i <= send_idx)
+ delta = PAGE_SIZE - HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE;
+ else
+ delta = 2 * (PAGE_SIZE - HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE);
+ break;
+ default:
+ BUG();
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return virt_to_hvpfn(kbuffer + delta + (HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE * i));
+}
+
/*
* vmbus_setevent- Trigger an event notification on the specified
* channel.
@@ -160,7 +253,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmbus_send_modifychannel);
/*
* create_gpadl_header - Creates a gpadl for the specified buffer
*/
-static int create_gpadl_header(void *kbuffer, u32 size,
+static int create_gpadl_header(enum hv_gpadl_type type, void *kbuffer,
+ u32 size, u32 send_offset,
struct vmbus_channel_msginfo **msginfo)
{
int i;
@@ -173,7 +267,7 @@ static int create_gpadl_header(void *kbuffer, u32 size,

int pfnsum, pfncount, pfnleft, pfncurr, pfnsize;

- pagecount = size >> HV_HYP_PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pagecount = hv_gpadl_size(type, size) >> HV_HYP_PAGE_SHIFT;

/* do we need a gpadl body msg */
pfnsize = MAX_SIZE_CHANNEL_MESSAGE -
@@ -200,10 +294,10 @@ static int create_gpadl_header(void *kbuffer, u32 size,
gpadl_header->range_buflen = sizeof(struct gpa_range) +
pagecount * sizeof(u64);
gpadl_header->range[0].byte_offset = 0;
- gpadl_header->range[0].byte_count = size;
+ gpadl_header->range[0].byte_count = hv_gpadl_size(type, size);
for (i = 0; i < pfncount; i++)
- gpadl_header->range[0].pfn_array[i] = virt_to_hvpfn(
- kbuffer + HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE * i);
+ gpadl_header->range[0].pfn_array[i] = hv_gpadl_hvpfn(
+ type, kbuffer, size, send_offset, i);
*msginfo = msgheader;

pfnsum = pfncount;
@@ -254,8 +348,8 @@ static int create_gpadl_header(void *kbuffer, u32 size,
* so the hypervisor guarantees that this is ok.
*/
for (i = 0; i < pfncurr; i++)
- gpadl_body->pfn[i] = virt_to_hvpfn(
- kbuffer + HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE * (pfnsum + i));
+ gpadl_body->pfn[i] = hv_gpadl_hvpfn(type,
+ kbuffer, size, send_offset, pfnsum + i);

/* add to msg header */
list_add_tail(&msgbody->msglistentry,
@@ -281,10 +375,10 @@ static int create_gpadl_header(void *kbuffer, u32 size,
gpadl_header->range_buflen = sizeof(struct gpa_range) +
pagecount * sizeof(u64);
gpadl_header->range[0].byte_offset = 0;
- gpadl_header->range[0].byte_count = size;
+ gpadl_header->range[0].byte_count = hv_gpadl_size(type, size);
for (i = 0; i < pagecount; i++)
- gpadl_header->range[0].pfn_array[i] = virt_to_hvpfn(
- kbuffer + HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE * i);
+ gpadl_header->range[0].pfn_array[i] = hv_gpadl_hvpfn(
+ type, kbuffer, size, send_offset, i);

*msginfo = msgheader;
}
@@ -297,15 +391,20 @@ static int create_gpadl_header(void *kbuffer, u32 size,
}

/*
- * vmbus_establish_gpadl - Establish a GPADL for the specified buffer
+ * __vmbus_establish_gpadl - Establish a GPADL for a buffer or ringbuffer
*
* @channel: a channel
+ * @type: the type of the corresponding GPADL, only meaningful for the guest.
* @kbuffer: from kmalloc or vmalloc
* @size: page-size multiple
+ * @send_offset: the offset (in bytes) where the send ring buffer starts,
+ * should be 0 for BUFFER type gpadl
* @gpadl_handle: some funky thing
*/
-int vmbus_establish_gpadl(struct vmbus_channel *channel, void *kbuffer,
- u32 size, u32 *gpadl_handle)
+static int __vmbus_establish_gpadl(struct vmbus_channel *channel,
+ enum hv_gpadl_type type, void *kbuffer,
+ u32 size, u32 send_offset,
+ u32 *gpadl_handle)
{
struct vmbus_channel_gpadl_header *gpadlmsg;
struct vmbus_channel_gpadl_body *gpadl_body;
@@ -319,7 +418,7 @@ int vmbus_establish_gpadl(struct vmbus_channel *channel, void *kbuffer,
next_gpadl_handle =
(atomic_inc_return(&vmbus_connection.next_gpadl_handle) - 1);

- ret = create_gpadl_header(kbuffer, size, &msginfo);
+ ret = create_gpadl_header(type, kbuffer, size, send_offset, &msginfo);
if (ret)
return ret;

@@ -400,6 +499,21 @@ int vmbus_establish_gpadl(struct vmbus_channel *channel, void *kbuffer,
kfree(msginfo);
return ret;
}
+
+/*
+ * vmbus_establish_gpadl - Establish a GPADL for the specified buffer
+ *
+ * @channel: a channel
+ * @kbuffer: from kmalloc or vmalloc
+ * @size: page-size multiple
+ * @gpadl_handle: some funky thing
+ */
+int vmbus_establish_gpadl(struct vmbus_channel *channel, void *kbuffer,
+ u32 size, u32 *gpadl_handle)
+{
+ return __vmbus_establish_gpadl(channel, HV_GPADL_BUFFER, kbuffer, size,
+ 0U, gpadl_handle);
+}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmbus_establish_gpadl);

static int __vmbus_open(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel,
@@ -438,10 +552,11 @@ static int __vmbus_open(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel,
/* Establish the gpadl for the ring buffer */
newchannel->ringbuffer_gpadlhandle = 0;

- err = vmbus_establish_gpadl(newchannel,
- page_address(newchannel->ringbuffer_page),
- (send_pages + recv_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT,
- &newchannel->ringbuffer_gpadlhandle);
+ err = __vmbus_establish_gpadl(newchannel, HV_GPADL_RING,
+ page_address(newchannel->ringbuffer_page),
+ (send_pages + recv_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT,
+ newchannel->ringbuffer_send_offset << PAGE_SHIFT,
+ &newchannel->ringbuffer_gpadlhandle);
if (err)
goto error_clean_ring;

@@ -462,7 +577,13 @@ static int __vmbus_open(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel,
open_msg->openid = newchannel->offermsg.child_relid;
open_msg->child_relid = newchannel->offermsg.child_relid;
open_msg->ringbuffer_gpadlhandle = newchannel->ringbuffer_gpadlhandle;
- open_msg->downstream_ringbuffer_pageoffset = newchannel->ringbuffer_send_offset;
+ /*
+ * The unit of ->downstream_ringbuffer_pageoffset is HV_HYP_PAGE and
+ * the unit of ->ringbuffer_send_offset (i.e. send_pages) is PAGE, so
+ * here we calculate it into HV_HYP_PAGE.
+ */
+ open_msg->downstream_ringbuffer_pageoffset =
+ hv_ring_gpadl_send_hvpgoffset(send_pages << PAGE_SHIFT);
open_msg->target_vp = hv_cpu_number_to_vp_number(newchannel->target_cpu);

if (userdatalen)
@@ -556,7 +677,6 @@ int vmbus_open(struct vmbus_channel *newchannel,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmbus_open);

-
/*
* vmbus_teardown_gpadl -Teardown the specified GPADL handle
*/
diff --git a/include/linux/hyperv.h b/include/linux/hyperv.h
index 38100e80360a..9c19149c0e1a 100644
--- a/include/linux/hyperv.h
+++ b/include/linux/hyperv.h
@@ -29,6 +29,48 @@

#pragma pack(push, 1)

+/*
+ * Types for GPADL, decides is how GPADL header is created.
+ *
+ * It doesn't make much difference between BUFFER and RING if PAGE_SIZE is the
+ * same as HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE.
+ *
+ * If PAGE_SIZE is bigger than HV_HYP_PAGE_SIZE, the headers of ring buffers
+ * will be of PAGE_SIZE, however, only the first HV_HYP_PAGE will be put
+ * into gpadl, therefore the number for HV_HYP_PAGE and the indexes of each
+ * HV_HYP_PAGE will be different between different types of GPADL, for example
+ * if PAGE_SIZE is 64K:
+ *
+ * BUFFER:
+ *
+ * gva: |-- 64k --|-- 64k --| ... |
+ * gpa: | 4k | 4k | ... | 4k | 4k | 4k | ... | 4k |
+ * index: 0 1 2 15 16 17 18 .. 31 32 ...
+ * | | ... | | | ... | ...
+ * v V V V V V
+ * gpadl: | 4k | 4k | ... | 4k | 4k | 4k | ... | 4k | ... |
+ * index: 0 1 2 ... 15 16 17 18 .. 31 32 ...
+ *
+ * RING:
+ *
+ * | header | data | header | data |
+ * gva: |-- 64k --|-- 64k --| ... |-- 64k --|-- 64k --| ... |
+ * gpa: | 4k | .. | 4k | 4k | ... | 4k | ... | 4k | .. | 4k | .. | ... |
+ * index: 0 1 16 17 18 31 ... n n+1 n+16 ... 2n
+ * | / / / | / /
+ * | / / / | / /
+ * | / / ... / ... | / ... /
+ * | / / / | / /
+ * | / / / | / /
+ * V V V V V V v
+ * gpadl: | 4k | 4k | ... | ... | 4k | 4k | ... |
+ * index: 0 1 2 ... 16 ... n-15 n-14 n-13 ... 2n-30
+ */
+enum hv_gpadl_type {
+ HV_GPADL_BUFFER,
+ HV_GPADL_RING
+};
+
/* Single-page buffer */
struct hv_page_buffer {
u32 len;
@@ -111,7 +153,7 @@ struct hv_ring_buffer {
} feature_bits;

/* Pad it to PAGE_SIZE so that data starts on page boundary */
- u8 reserved2[4028];
+ u8 reserved2[PAGE_SIZE - 68];

/*
* Ring data starts here + RingDataStartOffset
@@ -120,6 +162,10 @@ struct hv_ring_buffer {
u8 buffer[];
} __packed;

+/* Calculate the proper size of a ringbuffer, it must be page-aligned */
+#define VMBUS_RING_SIZE(payload_sz) PAGE_ALIGN(sizeof(struct hv_ring_buffer) + \
+ (payload_sz))
+
struct hv_ring_buffer_info {
struct hv_ring_buffer *ring_buffer;
u32 ring_size; /* Include the shared header */
--
2.28.0
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