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SubjectRe: [PATCH] media: rc: gpio-ir-recv: add QoS support for cpuidle system
Hi Joakim,

On Tue, Sep 15, 2020 at 10:55:17AM +0000, Joakim Zhang wrote:
>
> Hi Sean,
>
> Thanks a lot for your review.
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Sean Young <sean@mess.org>
> > Sent: 2020年9月15日 17:34
> > To: Joakim Zhang <qiangqing.zhang@nxp.com>
> > Cc: mchehab@kernel.org; linux-media@vger.kernel.org;
> > linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org; dl-linux-imx <linux-imx@nxp.com>
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH] media: rc: gpio-ir-recv: add QoS support for cpuidle
> > system
> >
> >
> > Hi Joakim,
> >
> > Thanks for your patch, I think it looks good in principle but needs a few small
> > fixes.
> >
> > On Tue, Sep 15, 2020 at 11:02:02PM +0800, Joakim Zhang wrote:
> > > GPIO IR receive is much rely on interrupt response, uneven interrupt
> > > latency will lead to incorrect timing, so the decoder fails to decode
> > > it. The issue is particularly acute on systems which supports cpuidle,
> > > dynamically disable and enable cpuidle can solve this problem to a
> > > great extent.
> >
> > This is the first soc to be affected by this problem, and gpio-ir-recv has been
> > used on my systems. For example, the raspberry pi has cpu idle enabled and
> > does not suffer from this problem. There are many more; this driver has been
> > used on many arm devices, which will have cpuidle enabled.
> I have not noticed raspberry pi enabled cpu idle in Linux, could you point me where it is? Then I can have a look, whether it implements multiple idle or not, to see why it makes difference.

I just noticed that it not enabled on raspbian kernel, but it is enabled
on fedora:

https://src.fedoraproject.org/rpms/kernel/blob/master/f/kernel-armv7hl-fedora.config

When I use gpio-ir-recv with my own kernel and fedora kernel, there no
problems with gpio-ir-recv on this kernel.

> > > However, there is a downside to this approach, the measurement of
> > > header on the first frame may incorrect. Test on i.MX8M serials, when
> > > enable cpuidle, interrupt latency could be about 500us.
> > >
> > > With this patch:
> > > 1. has no side effect on non-cpuidle system.
> > > 2. latency is still much longer for the first gpio interrupt on
> > > cpuidle system, so the first frame may not be decoded. Generally, RC
> > > would transmit multiple frames at once press, we can sacrifice the first
> > frame.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Joakim Zhang <qiangqing.zhang@nxp.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/media/rc/gpio-ir-recv.c | 49
> > > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> > > 1 file changed, 48 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/media/rc/gpio-ir-recv.c
> > > b/drivers/media/rc/gpio-ir-recv.c index a20413008c3c..42c942ce98cd
> > > 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/media/rc/gpio-ir-recv.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/media/rc/gpio-ir-recv.c
> > > @@ -11,6 +11,8 @@
> > > #include <linux/of.h>
> > > #include <linux/of_gpio.h>
> > > #include <linux/platform_device.h>
> > > +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
> > > +#include <linux/pm_qos.h>
> > > #include <linux/irq.h>
> > > #include <media/rc-core.h>
> > >
> > > @@ -20,17 +22,36 @@ struct gpio_rc_dev {
> > > struct rc_dev *rcdev;
> > > struct gpio_desc *gpiod;
> > > int irq;
> > > + struct pm_qos_request qos;
> > > };
> > >
> > > static irqreturn_t gpio_ir_recv_irq(int irq, void *dev_id) {
> > > - int val;
> > > + int ret, val;
> > > struct gpio_rc_dev *gpio_dev = dev_id;
> > > + struct device *dev = gpio_dev->rcdev->dev.parent;
> > > +
> > > + /*
> > > + * For cpuidle system:
> >
> > For some cpuidle systems, not all. This is why this feature needs a device tree
> > option for enabling. Otherwise, it will negatively affect power usage on e.g.
> > raspberry pi.
> Yes, you are right. As you said, some cpu idle systems may not suffer such case, I will add a device tree property.
>
>
> > > + * Respond to interrupt taking more latency when cpu in idle.
> > > + * Invoke asynchronous pm runtime get from interrupt context,
> > > + * this may introduce a millisecond delay to call resume callback,
> > > + * where to disable cpuilde.
> > > + *
> > > + * Two issues lead to fail to decode first frame, one is latency to
> > > + * respond interupt, another is delay introduced by async api.
> > > + */
> > > + ret = pm_runtime_get(dev);
> > > + if (ret < 0)
> > > + return IRQ_NONE;
> >
> > If we end up here, we also abandon sending the IR to rc-core (below). I don't
> > think it should do that. It should call ir_raw_event_store_edge() always even if
> > it can't do the pm things.
> Make sense, I will remove this error check.
>
>
> > >
> > > val = gpiod_get_value(gpio_dev->gpiod);
> > > if (val >= 0)
> > > ir_raw_event_store_edge(gpio_dev->rcdev, val == 1);
> > >
> > > + pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(dev);
> > > + pm_runtime_put_autosuspend(dev);
> > > +
> > > return IRQ_HANDLED;
> > > }
> > >
> > > @@ -92,6 +113,12 @@ static int gpio_ir_recv_probe(struct
> > > platform_device *pdev)
> > >
> > > platform_set_drvdata(pdev, gpio_dev);
> > >
> > > +
> > > + pm_runtime_set_autosuspend_delay(dev, (rcdev->timeout / 1000 /
> > > +1000));
> >
> > rcdev->timeout is in microseconds (since very recently), so this is wrong.
> What this meaning, is that rcdev->timeout woud change the unit, to be microseconds, not nanoseconds any more ?

See:

https://git.linuxtv.org/media_tree.git/commit/?id=528222d853f9283110f0118dd71d9f0ad686d586

> > Also, the timeout can be changed using the LIRC_SET_REC_TIMEOUT ioctl
> > (using ir-ctl -t in userspace). The autosuspend delay should be updated when
> > this happens. This can be done by implementing the s_timeout rcdev function.
> Make sense, could you point me where s_timeout funcition has implemented? So that I can refer to it, I am not familiar with this.

See:

https://git.linuxtv.org/media_tree.git/tree/drivers/media/rc/redrat3.c?id=528222d853f9283110f0118dd71d9f0ad686d586#n952

>
>
> BRs,
> Joakim
> > > + pm_runtime_use_autosuspend(dev);
> > > + pm_runtime_set_suspended(dev);
> > > + pm_runtime_enable(dev);
> > > +
> > > return devm_request_irq(dev, gpio_dev->irq, gpio_ir_recv_irq,
> > > IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING | IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING,
> > > "gpio-ir-recv-irq", gpio_dev);
> > > @@ -122,9 +149,29 @@ static int gpio_ir_recv_resume(struct device *dev)
> > > return 0;
> > > }
> > >
> > > +static int gpio_ir_recv_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev) {
> > > + struct gpio_rc_dev *gpio_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> > > +
> > > + cpu_latency_qos_remove_request(&gpio_dev->qos);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int gpio_ir_recv_runtime_resume(struct device *dev) {
> > > + struct gpio_rc_dev *gpio_dev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> > > +
> > > + cpu_latency_qos_add_request(&gpio_dev->qos, 0);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > static const struct dev_pm_ops gpio_ir_recv_pm_ops = {
> > > .suspend = gpio_ir_recv_suspend,
> > > .resume = gpio_ir_recv_resume,
> > > + .runtime_suspend = gpio_ir_recv_runtime_suspend,
> > > + .runtime_resume = gpio_ir_recv_runtime_resume,
> > > };
> > > #endif
> > >
> > > --
> > > 2.17.1

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