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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5] mm: memcontrol: Add the missing numa_stat interface for cgroup v2
On Wed, Sep 16, 2020 at 01:18:01AM +0800, Muchun Song wrote:
> In the cgroup v1, we have a numa_stat interface. This is useful for
> providing visibility into the numa locality information within an
> memcg since the pages are allowed to be allocated from any physical
> node. One of the use cases is evaluating application performance by
> combining this information with the application's CPU allocation.
> But the cgroup v2 does not. So this patch adds the missing information.
>
> Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
> Suggested-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
> Reviewed-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>

Yup, that would be useful information to have. Just a few comments on
the patch below:

> @@ -1368,6 +1368,78 @@ PAGE_SIZE multiple when read back.
> collapsing an existing range of pages. This counter is not
> present when CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE is not set.
>
> + memory.numa_stat
> + A read-only flat-keyed file which exists on non-root cgroups.

It's a nested key file, not flat.

> + This breaks down the cgroup's memory footprint into different
> + types of memory, type-specific details, and other information
> + per node on the state of the memory management system.
> +
> + This is useful for providing visibility into the NUMA locality
> + information within an memcg since the pages are allowed to be
> + allocated from any physical node. One of the use case is evaluating
> + application performance by combining this information with the
> + application's CPU allocation.
> +
> + All memory amounts are in bytes.
> +
> + The output format of memory.numa_stat is::
> +
> + type N0=<bytes in node 0> N1=<bytes in node 1> ...
> +
> + The entries are ordered to be human readable, and new entries
> + can show up in the middle. Don't rely on items remaining in a
> + fixed position; use the keys to look up specific values!
> +
> + anon
> + Amount of memory per node used in anonymous mappings such
> + as brk(), sbrk(), and mmap(MAP_ANONYMOUS).
> +
> + file
> + Amount of memory per node used to cache filesystem data,
> + including tmpfs and shared memory.
> +
> + kernel_stack
> + Amount of memory per node allocated to kernel stacks.
> +
> + shmem
> + Amount of cached filesystem data per node that is swap-backed,
> + such as tmpfs, shm segments, shared anonymous mmap()s.
> +
> + file_mapped
> + Amount of cached filesystem data per node mapped with mmap().
> +
> + file_dirty
> + Amount of cached filesystem data per node that was modified but
> + not yet written back to disk.
> +
> + file_writeback
> + Amount of cached filesystem data per node that was modified and
> + is currently being written back to disk.
> +
> + anon_thp
> + Amount of memory per node used in anonymous mappings backed by
> + transparent hugepages.
> +
> + inactive_anon, active_anon, inactive_file, active_file, unevictable
> + Amount of memory, swap-backed and filesystem-backed,
> + per node on the internal memory management lists used
> + by the page reclaim algorithm.
> +
> + As these represent internal list state (e.g. shmem pages are on
> + anon memory management lists), inactive_foo + active_foo may not
> + be equal to the value for the foo counter, since the foo counter
> + is type-based, not list-based.
> +
> + slab_reclaimable
> + Amount of memory per node used for storing in-kernel data
> + structures which might be reclaimed, such as dentries and
> + inodes.
> +
> + slab_unreclaimable
> + Amount of memory per node used for storing in-kernel data
> + structures which cannot be reclaimed on memory pressure.
> +
> memory.swap.current
> A read-only single value file which exists on non-root
> cgroups.
> diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
> index 75cd1a1e66c8..ff919ef3b57b 100644
> --- a/mm/memcontrol.c
> +++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
> @@ -6425,6 +6425,86 @@ static int memory_stat_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
> +struct numa_stat {
> + const char *name;
> + unsigned int ratio;
> + enum node_stat_item idx;
> +};
> +
> +static struct numa_stat numa_stats[] = {
> + { "anon", PAGE_SIZE, NR_ANON_MAPPED },
> + { "file", PAGE_SIZE, NR_FILE_PAGES },
> + { "kernel_stack", 1024, NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB },
> + { "shmem", PAGE_SIZE, NR_SHMEM },
> + { "file_mapped", PAGE_SIZE, NR_FILE_MAPPED },
> + { "file_dirty", PAGE_SIZE, NR_FILE_DIRTY },
> + { "file_writeback", PAGE_SIZE, NR_WRITEBACK },
> +#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
> + /*
> + * The ratio will be initialized in numa_stats_init(). Because
> + * on some architectures, the macro of HPAGE_PMD_SIZE is not
> + * constant(e.g. powerpc).
> + */
> + { "anon_thp", 0, NR_ANON_THPS },
> +#endif
> + { "inactive_anon", PAGE_SIZE, NR_INACTIVE_ANON },
> + { "active_anon", PAGE_SIZE, NR_ACTIVE_ANON },
> + { "inactive_file", PAGE_SIZE, NR_INACTIVE_FILE },
> + { "active_file", PAGE_SIZE, NR_ACTIVE_FILE },
> + { "unevictable", PAGE_SIZE, NR_UNEVICTABLE },
> + { "slab_reclaimable", 1, NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B },
> + { "slab_unreclaimable", 1, NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B },
> +};

This is a bit duplicative with memory_stat_format(), and the
collections will easily go out of sync as we add/change stat items.

Can you please convert memory_stat_format() to use the same shared table?

You may have to add another flag for the MEMCG_* items for which we
don't have per-node counters.

The same applies to the documentation. Please don't duplicate the list
of items, but have memory.numa_stat refer to the list for memory.stat.
You can add (not in memory.numa_stat) or something to percpu and sock.

> +static unsigned long memcg_node_page_state(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
> + unsigned int nid,
> + enum node_stat_item idx)
> +{
> + VM_BUG_ON(nid >= nr_node_ids);
> + return lruvec_page_state(mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, NODE_DATA(nid)), idx);
> +}

Please drop this wrapper and use lruvec_page_state directly below.

Otherwise, this looks reasonable to me.

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