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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm: remove extra ZONE_DEVICE struct page refcount
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On 9/14/20 4:10 PM, Dan Williams wrote:
> On Mon, Sep 14, 2020 at 3:45 PM Ralph Campbell <rcampbell@nvidia.com> wrote:
>>
>> ZONE_DEVICE struct pages have an extra reference count that complicates the
>> code for put_page() and several places in the kernel that need to check the
>> reference count to see that a page is not being used (gup, compaction,
>> migration, etc.). Clean up the code so the reference count doesn't need to
>> be treated specially for ZONE_DEVICE.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Ralph Campbell <rcampbell@nvidia.com>
>> ---
>>
>> Matthew Wilcox, Ira Weiny, and others have complained that ZONE_DEVICE
>> struct page reference counting is ugly/broken. This is my attempt to
>> fix it and it works for the HMM migration self tests.
>
> Can you link to a technical description of what's broken? Or better
> yet, summarize that argument in the changelog?
>
>> I'm only sending this out as a RFC since I'm not that familiar with the
>> DAX, PMEM, XEN, and other uses of ZONE_DEVICE struct pages allocated
>> with devm_memremap_pages() or memremap_pages() but my best reading of
>> the code looks like it might be OK. I could use help testing these
>> configurations.
>
> Back in the 4.15 days I could not convince myself that some code paths
> blindly assumed that pages with refcount==0 were on an lru list. Since
> then, struct page has been reorganized to not collide the ->pgmap back
> pointer with the ->lru list and there have been other cleanups for
> page pinning that might make this incremental cleanup viable.
>
> You also need to fix up ext4_break_layouts() and
> xfs_break_dax_layouts() to expect ->_refcount is 0 instead of 1. This
> also needs some fstests exposure.

Got it. Thanks!

>> I have a modified THP migration patch series that applies on top of
>> this one and is cleaner since I don't have to add code to handle the
>> +1 reference count. The link below is for the earlier v2:
>> ("mm/hmm/nouveau: add THP migration to migrate_vma_*")
>> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200902165830.5367-1-rcampbell@nvidia.com
>>
>>
>> arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_uvmem.c | 1 -
>> drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_dmem.c | 1 -
>> include/linux/memremap.h | 6 +--
>> include/linux/mm.h | 39 ---------------
>> lib/test_hmm.c | 1 -
>> mm/gup.c | 44 -----------------
>> mm/memremap.c | 20 ++++----
>> mm/migrate.c | 5 --
>> mm/swap.c | 66 +++++++++++---------------
>> 9 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 142 deletions(-)
>
> This diffstat is indeed appealing.
>
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_uvmem.c b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_uvmem.c
>> index 84e5a2dc8be5..00d97050d7ff 100644
>> --- a/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_uvmem.c
>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kvm/book3s_hv_uvmem.c
>> @@ -711,7 +711,6 @@ static struct page *kvmppc_uvmem_get_page(unsigned long gpa, struct kvm *kvm)
>>
>> dpage = pfn_to_page(uvmem_pfn);
>> dpage->zone_device_data = pvt;
>> - get_page(dpage);
>> lock_page(dpage);
>> return dpage;
>> out_clear:
>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_dmem.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_dmem.c
>> index a13c6215bba8..2a4bbe01a455 100644
>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_dmem.c
>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_dmem.c
>> @@ -324,7 +324,6 @@ nouveau_dmem_page_alloc_locked(struct nouveau_drm *drm)
>> return NULL;
>> }
>>
>> - get_page(page);
>> lock_page(page);
>> return page;
>> }
>> diff --git a/include/linux/memremap.h b/include/linux/memremap.h
>> index 4e9c738f4b31..7dd9802d2612 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/memremap.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/memremap.h
>> @@ -67,9 +67,9 @@ enum memory_type {
>>
>> struct dev_pagemap_ops {
>> /*
>> - * Called once the page refcount reaches 1. (ZONE_DEVICE pages never
>> - * reach 0 refcount unless there is a refcount bug. This allows the
>> - * device driver to implement its own memory management.)
>> + * Called once the page refcount reaches 0. The reference count is
>> + * reset to 1 before calling page_free(). This allows the
>> + * device driver to implement its own memory management.
>
> I'd clarify the order events / responsibility of the common core
> page_free() and the device specific page_free(). At the same time, why
> not update drivers to expect that the page is already refcount==0 on
> entry? Seems odd to go through all this trouble to make the reference
> count appear to be zero to the wider kernel but expect that drivers
> get a fake reference on entry to their ->page_free() callbacks.

Good point.

Since set_page_refcounted() is defined in mm_interal.h I would have to
move the definition to someplace like page_ref.h or have the drivers
cal init_page_count() or set_page_count() since get_page() calls
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE() if refcount == 0.
I'll move set_page_refcounted() since that is what the page allocator
uses and seems named for the purpose.

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