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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 02/10] kvm: arm64: Partially link nVHE hyp code, simplify HYPCOPY
On Thu, Sep 03, 2020 at 11:17:04AM +0200, 'David Brazdil' via kernel-team wrote:
> Previous series introduced custom build rules for nVHE hyp code, using
> objcopy to prefix ELF section and symbol names to separate nVHE code
> into its own "namespace". This approach was limited by the expressiveness
> of objcopy's command line interface, eg. missing support for wildcards.
>
> Improve the build rules by partially linking all '.hyp.o' files and
> prefixing their ELF section names using a linker script. Continue using
> objcopy for prefixing ELF symbol names.
>
> One immediate advantage of this approach is that all subsections
> matching a pattern can be merged into a single prefixed section, eg.
> .text and .text.* can be linked into a single '.hyp.text'. This removes
> the need for -fno-reorder-functions on GCC and will be useful in the
> future too: LTO builds use .text subsections, compilers routinely
> generate .rodata subsections, etc.

This certaintly feels like a more robust and controlled approach to the
sections now that we have an explicit list of those that are allowed.

> Partially linking all hyp code into a single object file also makes it
> easier to analyze.
>
> Signed-off-by: David Brazdil <dbrazdil@google.com>
> ---
> arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/Makefile | 56 ++++++++++++++++---------------
> arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp.lds.S | 14 ++++++++
> 2 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp.lds.S
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/Makefile b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/Makefile
> index aef76487edc2..1b2fbb19f3e8 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/Makefile
> @@ -10,40 +10,42 @@ obj-y := timer-sr.o sysreg-sr.o debug-sr.o switch.o tlb.o hyp-init.o
> obj-y += ../vgic-v3-sr.o ../aarch32.o ../vgic-v2-cpuif-proxy.o ../entry.o \
> ../fpsimd.o ../hyp-entry.o
>
> -obj-y := $(patsubst %.o,%.hyp.o,$(obj-y))
> -extra-y := $(patsubst %.hyp.o,%.hyp.tmp.o,$(obj-y))
> +##
> +## Build rules for compiling nVHE hyp code
> +## Output of this folder is `hyp.o`, a partially linked object file containing
> +## all nVHE hyp code and data.
> +##
>
> -$(obj)/%.hyp.tmp.o: $(src)/%.c FORCE
> +hyp-obj := $(patsubst %.o,%.hyp.o,$(obj-y))
> +obj-y := hyp.o
> +extra-y := $(hyp-obj) hyp.tmp.o hyp.lds
> +
> +# 1) Compile all source files to `.hyp.o` object files. The file extension
> +# avoids file name clashes for files shared with VHE.

Very much a nit, but possibly .nvhe.o or .kvm_nvhe.o would make the
intended distinction more obvious and line up with the prefix being
applied to the symbols.

> +$(obj)/%.hyp.o: $(src)/%.c FORCE
> $(call if_changed_rule,cc_o_c)
> -$(obj)/%.hyp.tmp.o: $(src)/%.S FORCE
> +$(obj)/%.hyp.o: $(src)/%.S FORCE
> $(call if_changed_rule,as_o_S)
> -$(obj)/%.hyp.o: $(obj)/%.hyp.tmp.o FORCE
> - $(call if_changed,hypcopy)
>
> -# Disable reordering functions by GCC (enabled at -O2).
> -# This pass puts functions into '.text.*' sections to aid the linker
> -# in optimizing ELF layout. See HYPCOPY comment below for more info.
> -ccflags-y += $(call cc-option,-fno-reorder-functions)
> +# 2) Compile linker script.
> +$(obj)/hyp.lds: $(src)/hyp.lds.S FORCE
> + $(call if_changed_dep,cpp_lds_S)
> +
> +# 3) Partially link all '.hyp.o' files and apply the linker script.
> +# Prefixes names of ELF sections with '.hyp', eg. '.hyp.text'.
> +LDFLAGS_hyp.tmp.o := -r -T $(obj)/hyp.lds
> +$(obj)/hyp.tmp.o: $(addprefix $(obj)/,$(hyp-obj)) $(obj)/hyp.lds FORCE
> + $(call if_changed,ld)
> +
> +# 4) Produce the final 'hyp.o', ready to be linked into 'vmlinux'.
> +# Prefixes names of ELF symbols with '__kvm_nvhe_'.
> +$(obj)/hyp.o: $(obj)/hyp.tmp.o FORCE
> + $(call if_changed,hypcopy)
>
> # The HYPCOPY command uses `objcopy` to prefix all ELF symbol names
> -# and relevant ELF section names to avoid clashes with VHE code/data.
> -#
> -# Hyp code is assumed to be in the '.text' section of the input object
> -# files (with the exception of specialized sections such as
> -# '.hyp.idmap.text'). This assumption may be broken by a compiler that
> -# divides code into sections like '.text.unlikely' so as to optimize
> -# ELF layout. HYPCOPY checks that no such sections exist in the input
> -# using `objdump`, otherwise they would be linked together with other
> -# kernel code and not memory-mapped correctly at runtime.
> +# to avoid clashes with VHE code/data.
> quiet_cmd_hypcopy = HYPCOPY $@
> - cmd_hypcopy = \
> - if $(OBJDUMP) -h $< | grep -F '.text.'; then \
> - echo "$@: function reordering not supported in nVHE hyp code" >&2; \
> - /bin/false; \
> - fi; \
> - $(OBJCOPY) --prefix-symbols=__kvm_nvhe_ \
> - --rename-section=.text=.hyp.text \
> - $< $@
> + cmd_hypcopy = $(OBJCOPY) --prefix-symbols=__kvm_nvhe_ $< $@
>
> # Remove ftrace and Shadow Call Stack CFLAGS.
> # This is equivalent to the 'notrace' and '__noscs' annotations.
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp.lds.S
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..aaa0ce133a32
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/nvhe/hyp.lds.S
> @@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Linker script used during partial linking of nVHE EL2 object files.
> + * Written by David Brazdil <dbrazdil@google.com>
> + */

Should this file have the standard copyright line?

> +
> +/*
> + * Defines an ELF hyp section from input section @NAME and its subsections.
> + */
> +#define HYP_SECTION(NAME) .hyp##NAME : { *(NAME NAME##.[0-9a-zA-Z_]*) }
> +
> +SECTIONS {
> + HYP_SECTION(.text)
> +}
> --
> 2.28.0.402.g5ffc5be6b7-goog
>
> --
> To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to kernel-team+unsubscribe@android.com.
>

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