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Subject[PATCH v11 00/25] Control-flow Enforcement: Shadow Stack
Date
Control-flow Enforcement (CET) is a new Intel processor feature that blocks
return/jump-oriented programming attacks. Details are in "Intel 64 and
IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual" [1].

CET can protect applications and the kernel. This series enables only
application-level protection, and has three parts:

- shadow stack [2],
- indirect branch tracking, ptrace [3], and
- selftests [4].

I have run tests on these patches for quite some time, and they have been
very stable. Linux distributions with CET are available now, and Intel
processors with CET are becoming available. It would be nice if CET
support can be accepted into the kernel. I will be working to address any
issues should they come up.

Changes in v11:

- Rebase to v5.9-rc1.
- There was no more caller passing vm_flags to do_mmap() and the input
parameter was removed. Shadow stack allocation is a new user passing
VM_SHSTK. Thus, reintroduce the parameter and do_mmap_pgoff().
- Selftests/x86/sigreturn does a sigreturn from 64-bit to a 32-bit context,
and needs a shadow stack in the 32-bit address range. For all similar
purposes, change shadow stack allocation arch_prctl() to take MAP_32BIT
and MAP_POPULATE flags from the user.
- Update arch_prctl() for checking invalid inputs and using proper return
codes.
- Other smaller changes are noted in each patch's log.

[1] Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer's Manual:

https://software.intel.com/en-us/download/intel-64-and-ia-32-
architectures-sdm-combined-volumes-1-2a-2b-2c-2d-3a-3b-3c-3d-and-4

[2] CET Shadow Stack patches v10:

https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200429220732.31602-1-yu-cheng.yu@intel.com/

[3] There is no Indirect Branch Tracking patches v10. There have been no
major changes since v9:

https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200205182308.4028-1-yu-cheng.yu@intel.com/

[4] I am holding off the selftests changes and working to get Acked-by's.
The earlier version of the selftests patches:

https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200521211720.20236-1-yu-cheng.yu@intel.com/

Yu-cheng Yu (25):
Documentation/x86: Add CET description
x86/cpufeatures: Add CET CPU feature flags for Control-flow
Enforcement Technology (CET)
x86/fpu/xstate: Introduce CET MSR XSAVES supervisor states
x86/cet: Add control-protection fault handler
x86/cet/shstk: Add Kconfig option for user-mode Shadow Stack
x86/mm: Change _PAGE_DIRTY to _PAGE_DIRTY_HW
x86/mm: Remove _PAGE_DIRTY_HW from kernel RO pages
x86/mm: Introduce _PAGE_COW
drm/i915/gvt: Change _PAGE_DIRTY to _PAGE_DIRTY_BITS
x86/mm: Update pte_modify for _PAGE_COW
x86/mm: Update ptep_set_wrprotect() and pmdp_set_wrprotect() for
transition from _PAGE_DIRTY_HW to _PAGE_COW
mm: Introduce VM_SHSTK for shadow stack memory
x86/mm: Shadow Stack page fault error checking
x86/mm: Update maybe_mkwrite() for shadow stack
mm: Fixup places that call pte_mkwrite() directly
mm: Add guard pages around a shadow stack.
mm/mmap: Add shadow stack pages to memory accounting
mm: Update can_follow_write_pte() for shadow stack
mm: Re-introduce do_mmap_pgoff()
x86/cet/shstk: User-mode shadow stack support
x86/cet/shstk: Handle signals for shadow stack
binfmt_elf: Define GNU_PROPERTY_X86_FEATURE_1_AND properties
ELF: Introduce arch_setup_elf_property()
x86/cet/shstk: Handle thread shadow stack
x86/cet/shstk: Add arch_prctl functions for shadow stack

.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 6 +
Documentation/x86/index.rst | 1 +
Documentation/x86/intel_cet.rst | 143 +++++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h | 5 +
arch/x86/Kconfig | 36 ++
arch/x86/ia32/ia32_signal.c | 17 +
arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h | 40 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h | 2 +
arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h | 8 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h | 13 +
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h | 10 +
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h | 23 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h | 5 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h | 4 +
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 3 +
arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h | 17 +
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h | 209 +++++++++-
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_types.h | 58 ++-
arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h | 15 +
arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h | 32 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h | 2 +
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h | 5 +
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/processor-flags.h | 2 +
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h | 9 +
arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 2 +
arch/x86/kernel/cet.c | 357 ++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c | 98 +++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 28 ++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpuid-deps.c | 2 +
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c | 100 +++++
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c | 28 +-
arch/x86/kernel/idt.c | 4 +
arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 14 +-
arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 32 ++
arch/x86/kernel/relocate_kernel_64.S | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/signal.c | 10 +
arch/x86/kernel/signal_compat.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 59 +++
arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 19 +
arch/x86/mm/mmap.c | 2 +
arch/x86/mm/pat/set_memory.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/mm/pgtable.c | 25 ++
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gvt/gtt.c | 2 +-
fs/aio.c | 6 +-
fs/binfmt_elf.c | 4 +
fs/hugetlbfs/inode.c | 2 +-
fs/proc/task_mmu.c | 3 +
include/linux/elf.h | 6 +
include/linux/fs.h | 2 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 46 ++-
include/linux/pgtable.h | 35 ++
include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h | 3 +-
include/uapi/linux/elf.h | 9 +
ipc/shm.c | 2 +-
mm/gup.c | 8 +-
mm/huge_memory.c | 10 +-
mm/memory.c | 5 +-
mm/migrate.c | 3 +-
mm/mmap.c | 21 +-
mm/mprotect.c | 2 +-
mm/nommu.c | 6 +-
mm/shmem.c | 2 +-
mm/util.c | 4 +-
scripts/as-x86_64-has-shadow-stack.sh | 4 +
.../arch/x86/include/asm/disabled-features.h | 8 +-
tools/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/prctl.h | 5 +
67 files changed, 1574 insertions(+), 77 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/intel_cet.rst
create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/cet_prctl.c
create mode 100755 scripts/as-x86_64-has-shadow-stack.sh

--
2.21.0

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