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Subject[PATCH v18 17/32] mm/compaction: do page isolation first in compaction
Date
Currently, compaction would get the lru_lock and then do page isolation
which works fine with pgdat->lru_lock, since any page isoltion would
compete for the lru_lock. If we want to change to memcg lru_lock, we
have to isolate the page before getting lru_lock, thus isoltion would
block page's memcg change which relay on page isoltion too. Then we
could safely use per memcg lru_lock later.

The new page isolation use previous introduced TestClearPageLRU() +
pgdat lru locking which will be changed to memcg lru lock later.

Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> fixed following bugs in this patch's
early version:

Fix lots of crashes under compaction load: isolate_migratepages_block()
must clean up appropriately when rejecting a page, setting PageLRU again
if it had been cleared; and a put_page() after get_page_unless_zero()
cannot safely be done while holding locked_lruvec - it may turn out to
be the final put_page(), which will take an lruvec lock when PageLRU.
And move __isolate_lru_page_prepare back after get_page_unless_zero to
make trylock_page() safe:
trylock_page() is not safe to use at this time: its setting PG_locked
can race with the page being freed or allocated ("Bad page"), and can
also erase flags being set by one of those "sole owners" of a freshly
allocated page who use non-atomic __SetPageFlag().

Suggested-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
---
include/linux/swap.h | 2 +-
mm/compaction.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
mm/vmscan.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
3 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/swap.h b/include/linux/swap.h
index 43e6b3458f58..550fdfdc3506 100644
--- a/include/linux/swap.h
+++ b/include/linux/swap.h
@@ -357,7 +357,7 @@ extern void lru_cache_add_inactive_or_unevictable(struct page *page,
extern unsigned long zone_reclaimable_pages(struct zone *zone);
extern unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
gfp_t gfp_mask, nodemask_t *mask);
-extern int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode);
+extern int __isolate_lru_page_prepare(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode);
extern unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
unsigned long nr_pages,
gfp_t gfp_mask,
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 4e2c66869041..253382d99969 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -887,6 +887,7 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
if (!valid_page && IS_ALIGNED(low_pfn, pageblock_nr_pages)) {
if (!cc->ignore_skip_hint && get_pageblock_skip(page)) {
low_pfn = end_pfn;
+ page = NULL;
goto isolate_abort;
}
valid_page = page;
@@ -968,6 +969,21 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
if (!(cc->gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) && page_mapping(page))
goto isolate_fail;

+ /*
+ * Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're
+ * sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the
+ * page release code relies on it.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(!get_page_unless_zero(page)))
+ goto isolate_fail;
+
+ if (__isolate_lru_page_prepare(page, isolate_mode) != 0)
+ goto isolate_fail_put;
+
+ /* Try isolate the page */
+ if (!TestClearPageLRU(page))
+ goto isolate_fail_put;
+
/* If we already hold the lock, we can skip some rechecking */
if (!locked) {
locked = compact_lock_irqsave(&pgdat->lru_lock,
@@ -980,10 +996,6 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
goto isolate_abort;
}

- /* Recheck PageLRU and PageCompound under lock */
- if (!PageLRU(page))
- goto isolate_fail;
-
/*
* Page become compound since the non-locked check,
* and it's on LRU. It can only be a THP so the order
@@ -991,16 +1003,13 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
*/
if (unlikely(PageCompound(page) && !cc->alloc_contig)) {
low_pfn += compound_nr(page) - 1;
- goto isolate_fail;
+ SetPageLRU(page);
+ goto isolate_fail_put;
}
}

lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, pgdat);

- /* Try isolate the page */
- if (__isolate_lru_page(page, isolate_mode) != 0)
- goto isolate_fail;
-
/* The whole page is taken off the LRU; skip the tail pages. */
if (PageCompound(page))
low_pfn += compound_nr(page) - 1;
@@ -1029,6 +1038,15 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
}

continue;
+
+isolate_fail_put:
+ /* Avoid potential deadlock in freeing page under lru_lock */
+ if (locked) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
+ locked = false;
+ }
+ put_page(page);
+
isolate_fail:
if (!skip_on_failure)
continue;
@@ -1065,9 +1083,15 @@ static bool too_many_isolated(pg_data_t *pgdat)
if (unlikely(low_pfn > end_pfn))
low_pfn = end_pfn;

+ page = NULL;
+
isolate_abort:
if (locked)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgdat->lru_lock, flags);
+ if (page) {
+ SetPageLRU(page);
+ put_page(page);
+ }

/*
* Updated the cached scanner pfn once the pageblock has been scanned
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 1b3e0eeaad64..48b50695f883 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -1538,20 +1538,20 @@ unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone,
*
* returns 0 on success, -ve errno on failure.
*/
-int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
+int __isolate_lru_page_prepare(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
{
int ret = -EINVAL;

- /* Only take pages on the LRU. */
- if (!PageLRU(page))
- return ret;
-
/* Compaction should not handle unevictable pages but CMA can do so */
if (PageUnevictable(page) && !(mode & ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE))
return ret;

ret = -EBUSY;

+ /* Only take pages on the LRU. */
+ if (!PageLRU(page))
+ return ret;
+
/*
* To minimise LRU disruption, the caller can indicate that it only
* wants to isolate pages it will be able to operate on without
@@ -1592,20 +1592,9 @@ int __isolate_lru_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
if ((mode & ISOLATE_UNMAPPED) && page_mapped(page))
return ret;

- if (likely(get_page_unless_zero(page))) {
- /*
- * Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're
- * sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the
- * page release code relies on it.
- */
- ClearPageLRU(page);
- ret = 0;
- }
-
- return ret;
+ return 0;
}

-
/*
* Update LRU sizes after isolating pages. The LRU size updates must
* be complete before mem_cgroup_update_lru_size due to a sanity check.
@@ -1685,17 +1674,34 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
* only when the page is being freed somewhere else.
*/
scan += nr_pages;
- switch (__isolate_lru_page(page, mode)) {
+ switch (__isolate_lru_page_prepare(page, mode)) {
case 0:
+ /*
+ * Be careful not to clear PageLRU until after we're
+ * sure the page is not being freed elsewhere -- the
+ * page release code relies on it.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(!get_page_unless_zero(page)))
+ goto busy;
+
+ if (!TestClearPageLRU(page)) {
+ /*
+ * This page may in other isolation path,
+ * but we still hold lru_lock.
+ */
+ put_page(page);
+ goto busy;
+ }
+
nr_taken += nr_pages;
nr_zone_taken[page_zonenum(page)] += nr_pages;
list_move(&page->lru, dst);
break;
-
+busy:
case -EBUSY:
/* else it is being freed elsewhere */
list_move(&page->lru, src);
- continue;
+ break;

default:
BUG();
--
1.8.3.1
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