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SubjectRe: [PATCH v7] Makefile: Add clang-tidy and static analyzer support to makefile


On Tue, 28 Jul 2020, 'Nathan Huckleberry' via Clang Built Linux wrote:

> This patch adds clang-tidy and the clang static-analyzer as make
> targets. The goal of this patch is to make static analysis tools
> usable and extendable by any developer or researcher who is familiar
> with basic c++.
>
> The current static analysis tools require intimate knowledge of the
> internal workings of the static analysis. Clang-tidy and the clang
> static analyzers expose an easy to use api and allow users unfamiliar
> with clang to write new checks with relative ease.
>
> ===Clang-tidy===
>
> Clang-tidy is an easily extendable 'linter' that runs on the AST.
> Clang-tidy checks are easy to write and understand. A check consists of
> two parts, a matcher and a checker. The matcher is created using a
> domain specific language that acts on the AST
> (https://clang.llvm.org/docs/LibASTMatchersReference.html). When AST
> nodes are found by the matcher a callback is made to the checker. The
> checker can then execute additional checks and issue warnings.
>
> Here is an example clang-tidy check to report functions that have calls
> to local_irq_disable without calls to local_irq_enable and vice-versa.
> Functions flagged with __attribute((annotation("ignore_irq_balancing")))
> are ignored for analysis. (https://reviews.llvm.org/D65828)
>
> ===Clang static analyzer===
>
> The clang static analyzer is a more powerful static analysis tool that
> uses symbolic execution to find bugs. Currently there is a check that
> looks for potential security bugs from invalid uses of kmalloc and
> kfree. There are several more general purpose checks that are useful for
> the kernel.
>
> The clang static analyzer is well documented and designed to be
> extensible.
> (https://clang-analyzer.llvm.org/checker_dev_manual.html)
> (https://github.com/haoNoQ/clang-analyzer-guide/releases/download/v0.1/clang-analyzer-guide-v0.1.pdf)
>
> The main draw of the clang tools is how accessible they are. The clang
> documentation is very nice and these tools are built specifically to be
> easily extendable by any developer. They provide an accessible method of
> bug-finding and research to people who are not overly familiar with the
> kernel codebase.
>
> Signed-off-by: Nathan Huckleberry <nhuck@google.com>

Hi Nathan, Hi Nick,

I have been busy with other topics around the kernel and static analysis;
but then, I read clang and static analysis in my mailbox in this patch.

So, I thought let me give this patch a try on the weekend.

I applied the patch on next-2020729; that worked.

Then:
$ make clang-tidy
scripts/clang-tools/Makefile.clang-tools:13: *** clang-tidy requires
CC=clang. Stop.

Okay, that is a good and clear error message.

Then:

$ make CC=clang-10 defconfig
$ make CC=clang-10 clang-tidy

python3 scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
WARNING: Found 8 entries. Have you compiled the kernel?
python3 scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py clang-tidy
compile_commands.json

Then actually an error in clang-tidy.
Error: no checks enabled.
USAGE: clang-tidy [options] <source0> [... <sourceN>]
...

I will get to that later how I fixed that for my setup.

Okay, good, that is clear... I need to compile it first, got it.

$ make CC=clang-10
$ make CC=clang-10 clang-tidy

Okay, I run except for the fix I needed.

Where is the output from clang-tidy?

It prints:

python3 scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
python3 scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py clang-tidy compile_commands.json

That is it. Does that mean 0 warnings, or where do I find the output?
The script suggests it should be in stderr once all the parallel runs
collected it, right?

I was confused; maybe a short summary output might help here.

Then, I ran

$ make CC=clang-10 clang-analyzer

And I see a lot of warnings... I guess that is intended.

There is a lot of:

Suppressed XX warnings (XX in non-user code).
Use -header-filter=.* to display errors from all non-system headers. Use -system-headers to display errors from system headers as well.

To an outsider, it is unclear if that is intended or if the tool is broken
in this setup.

Is there are way to silent that meta-warning? Or is my setup broken?

In summary, it is pretty clear how to run clang-tidy and clang-analyzer
and it was a pretty smooth experience, even with no documentation at hand.

It was fun for me. Keep up the good work!

Just one issue... see below.

> ---
> Changes v6->v7
> * Fix issues with relative paths
> * Additional style fixes
> MAINTAINERS | 1 +
> Makefile | 3 +
> scripts/clang-tools/Makefile.clang-tools | 23 ++++++
> .../{ => clang-tools}/gen_compile_commands.py | 0
> scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py | 74 +++++++++++++++++++
> 5 files changed, 101 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 scripts/clang-tools/Makefile.clang-tools
> rename scripts/{ => clang-tools}/gen_compile_commands.py (100%)
> create mode 100755 scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 1d4aa7f942de..a444564e5572 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -4198,6 +4198,7 @@ W: https://clangbuiltlinux.github.io/
> B: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues
> C: irc://chat.freenode.net/clangbuiltlinux
> F: Documentation/kbuild/llvm.rst
> +F: scripts/clang-tools/
> K: \b(?i:clang|llvm)\b
>
> CLEANCACHE API
> diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
> index fe0164a654c7..3e2df010b342 100644
> --- a/Makefile
> +++ b/Makefile
> @@ -747,6 +747,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-allow-store-data-races)
>
> include scripts/Makefile.kcov
> include scripts/Makefile.gcc-plugins
> +include scripts/clang-tools/Makefile.clang-tools
>
> ifdef CONFIG_READABLE_ASM
> # Disable optimizations that make assembler listings hard to read.
> @@ -1543,6 +1544,8 @@ help:
> @echo ' export_report - List the usages of all exported symbols'
> @echo ' headerdep - Detect inclusion cycles in headers'
> @echo ' coccicheck - Check with Coccinelle'
> + @echo ' clang-analyzer - Check with clang static analyzer'
> + @echo ' clang-tidy - Check with clang-tidy'
> @echo ''
> @echo 'Tools:'
> @echo ' nsdeps - Generate missing symbol namespace dependencies'
> diff --git a/scripts/clang-tools/Makefile.clang-tools b/scripts/clang-tools/Makefile.clang-tools
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..5c9d76f77595
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/scripts/clang-tools/Makefile.clang-tools
> @@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#
> +# Copyright (C) Google LLC, 2020
> +#
> +# Author: Nathan Huckleberry <nhuck@google.com>
> +#
> +PHONY += clang-tidy
> +clang-tidy:
> +ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
> + $(PYTHON3) scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
> + $(PYTHON3) scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py clang-tidy compile_commands.json
> +else
> + $(error clang-tidy requires CC=clang)
> +endif
> +
> +PHONY += clang-analyzer
> +clang-analyzer:
> +ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
> + $(PYTHON3) scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
> + $(PYTHON3) scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py clang-analyzer compile_commands.json
> +else
> + $(error clang-analyzer requires CC=clang)
> +endif
> diff --git a/scripts/gen_compile_commands.py b/scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
> similarity index 100%
> rename from scripts/gen_compile_commands.py
> rename to scripts/clang-tools/gen_compile_commands.py
> diff --git a/scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py b/scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py
> new file mode 100755
> index 000000000000..fa7655c7cec0
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/scripts/clang-tools/run-clang-tools.py
> @@ -0,0 +1,74 @@
> +#!/usr/bin/env python
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +#
> +# Copyright (C) Google LLC, 2020
> +#
> +# Author: Nathan Huckleberry <nhuck@google.com>
> +#
> +"""A helper routine run clang-tidy and the clang static-analyzer on
> +compile_commands.json.
> +"""
> +
> +import argparse
> +import json
> +import multiprocessing
> +import os
> +import subprocess
> +import sys
> +
> +
> +def parse_arguments():
> + """Set up and parses command-line arguments.
> + Returns:
> + args: Dict of parsed args
> + Has keys: [path, type]
> + """
> + usage = """Run clang-tidy or the clang static-analyzer on a
> + compilation database."""
> + parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description=usage)
> +
> + type_help = "Type of analysis to be performed"
> + parser.add_argument("type",
> + choices=["clang-tidy", "clang-analyzer"],
> + help=type_help)
> + path_help = "Path to the compilation database to parse"
> + parser.add_argument("path", type=str, help=path_help)
> +
> + return parser.parse_args()
> +
> +
> +def init(l, a):
> + global lock
> + global args
> + lock = l
> + args = a
> +
> +
> +def run_analysis(entry):
> + # Disable all checks, then re-enable the ones we want
> + checks = "-checks=-*,"
> + if args.type == "clang-tidy":
> + checks += "linuxkernel-*"
> + else:
> + checks += "clang-analyzer-*"
> + p = subprocess.run(["clang-tidy", "-p", args.path, checks, entry["file"]],
You hardcoded here: clang-tidy

But in my Ubuntu 18.04 setup, I got multiple versions of clang and
clang-tidy installed; yeah, maybe my setup is broken, but maybe those from
others are similar.

When I run:

make CC=clang-10 clang-tidy

it picks up the "wrong" clang-tidy version...

My setup is:

$ which clang-tidy
/usr/bin/clang-tidy

$ which clang-tidy-10
/usr/bin/clang-tidy-10

$ clang-tidy --version
LLVM (http://llvm.org/):
LLVM version 6.0.0

Optimized build.
Default target: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
Host CPU: znver1

$ clang-tidy-10 --version
LLVM (http://llvm.org/):
LLVM version 10.0.1

Optimized build.
Default target: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
Host CPU: znver1

When I run make CC=clang-10 clang-tidy, I would expect it to use
clang-tidy-10, not clang-tidy. (clang-tidy errors just because it is too
old; I guess it does have the linuxkernel-* options.)

Now, I cannot fix that without touching your script. There is no way I can
tell the build target to use clang-tidy-10.

With a quick touch:

- p = subprocess.run(["clang-tidy", "-p", args.path, checks, entry["file"]],
+ p = subprocess.run(["clang-tidy-10", "-p", args.path, checks, entry["file"]],

I got it to work.

Maybe you have a good idea how to get make clang-tidy to pick
up the intended version without touching the python script itself?

It is a minor issue, but it would be nice if that setting would work
somehow.

Thanks a lot.

Best regards,

Lukas

> + stdout=subprocess.PIPE,
> + stderr=subprocess.STDOUT,
> + cwd=entry["directory"])
> + with lock:
> + sys.stderr.buffer.write(p.stdout)
> +
> +
> +def main():
> + args = parse_arguments()
> +
> + lock = multiprocessing.Lock()
> + pool = multiprocessing.Pool(initializer=init, initargs=(lock, args))
> + # Read JSON data into the datastore variable
> + with open(args.path, "r") as f:
> + datastore = json.load(f)
> + pool.map(run_analysis, datastore)
> +
> +
> +if __name__ == "__main__":
> + main()
> --
> 2.28.0.rc0.142.g3c755180ce-goog
>
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