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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 2/7] PCI: Set "untrusted" flag for truly external devices only
Hello,

On Mon, Jul 6, 2020 at 9:38 AM Bjorn Helgaas <helgaas@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jun 29, 2020 at 09:49:38PM -0700, Rajat Jain wrote:
> > The "ExternalFacing" devices (root ports) are still internal devices that
> > sit on the internal system fabric and thus trusted. Currently they were
> > being marked untrusted.
> >
> > This patch uses the platform flag to identify the external facing devices
> > and then use it to mark any downstream devices as "untrusted". The
> > external-facing devices themselves are left as "trusted". This was
> > discussed here: https://lkml.org/lkml/2020/6/10/1049
>
> Use the imperative mood in the commit log, as you did for 1/7. E.g.,
> instead of "This patch uses ...", say "Use the platform flag ...".
> That helps all the commit logs read nicely together.
>
> I think this patch makes two changes that should be separated:
>
> - Treat "external-facing" devices as internal.
>
> - Look for the "external-facing" or "ExternalFacing" property on
> Switch Downstream Ports as well as Root Ports.
>
> > Signed-off-by: Rajat Jain <rajatja@google.com>
> > ---
> > v2: cosmetic changes in commit log
> >
> > drivers/iommu/intel/iommu.c | 2 +-
> > drivers/pci/of.c | 2 +-
> > drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c | 13 +++++++------
> > drivers/pci/probe.c | 2 +-
> > include/linux/pci.h | 8 ++++++++
> > 5 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/intel/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/intel/iommu.c
> > index d759e7234e982..1ccb224f82496 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/intel/iommu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/intel/iommu.c
> > @@ -4743,7 +4743,7 @@ static inline bool has_untrusted_dev(void)
> > struct pci_dev *pdev = NULL;
> >
> > for_each_pci_dev(pdev)
> > - if (pdev->untrusted)
> > + if (pdev->untrusted || pdev->external_facing)
>
> I think checking pdev->external_facing is enough for this case,
> because it's impossible to have pdev->untrusted unless a parent has
> pdev->external_facing.

Agree.

>
> IIUC, this usage is asking "might we ever have an external device?"
> as opposed to the "pdev->untrusted" uses, which are asking "is *this*
> device an external device?"

Agree.

>
> > return true;
> >
> > return false;
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/of.c b/drivers/pci/of.c
> > index 27839cd2459f6..22727fc9558df 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/of.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/of.c
> > @@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ void pci_set_bus_of_node(struct pci_bus *bus)
> > } else {
> > node = of_node_get(bus->self->dev.of_node);
> > if (node && of_property_read_bool(node, "external-facing"))
> > - bus->self->untrusted = true;
> > + bus->self->external_facing = true;
> > }
> >
> > bus->dev.of_node = node;
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c b/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c
> > index 7224b1e5f2a83..492c07805caf8 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/pci-acpi.c
> > @@ -1213,22 +1213,23 @@ static void pci_acpi_optimize_delay(struct pci_dev *pdev,
> > ACPI_FREE(obj);
> > }
> >
> > -static void pci_acpi_set_untrusted(struct pci_dev *dev)
> > +static void pci_acpi_set_external_facing(struct pci_dev *dev)
> > {
> > u8 val;
> >
> > - if (pci_pcie_type(dev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT)
> > + if (pci_pcie_type(dev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT &&
> > + pci_pcie_type(dev) != PCI_EXP_TYPE_DOWNSTREAM)
>
> This looks like a change worthy of its own patch. We used to look for
> "ExternalFacingPort" only on Root Ports; now we'll also do it for
> Switch Downstream Ports.

Can do. (please see below)

>
> Can you include DT and ACPI spec references if they exist? I found
> this mention:
> https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-hardware/drivers/pci/dsd-for-pcie-root-ports
> which actually says it should only be implemented for Root Ports.

I actually have no references. It seems to me that the microsoft spec
assumes that all external ports must be implemented on root ports, but
I think it would be equally fair for systems with PCIe switches to
implement one on one of their switch downstream ports. I don't have an
immediate use of this anyway, so if you think this should rather wait
unless someone really has this case, this can wait. Let me know.

>
> It also mentions a "DmaProperty" that looks related. Maybe Linux
> should also pay attention to this?

Interesting. Since this is not in use currently by the kernel as well
as not exposed by (our) BIOS, I don't have an immediate use case for
this. I'd like to defer this for later (as-the-need-arises).

>
> If we do change this, should we use pcie_downstream_port(), which
> includes PCI-to-PCIe bridges as well?

Sure, can do that.

>
> > return;
> > if (device_property_read_u8(&dev->dev, "ExternalFacingPort", &val))
> > return;
> >
> > /*
> > - * These root ports expose PCIe (including DMA) outside of the
> > - * system so make sure we treat them and everything behind as
> > + * These root/down ports expose PCIe (including DMA) outside of the
> > + * system so make sure we treat everything behind them as
> > * untrusted.
> > */
> > if (val)
> > - dev->untrusted = 1;
> > + dev->external_facing = 1;
> > }
> >
> > static void pci_acpi_setup(struct device *dev)
> > @@ -1240,7 +1241,7 @@ static void pci_acpi_setup(struct device *dev)
> > return;
> >
> > pci_acpi_optimize_delay(pci_dev, adev->handle);
> > - pci_acpi_set_untrusted(pci_dev);
> > + pci_acpi_set_external_facing(pci_dev);
> > pci_acpi_add_edr_notifier(pci_dev);
> >
> > pci_acpi_add_pm_notifier(adev, pci_dev);
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> > index 6d87066a5ecc5..8c40c00413e74 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
> > @@ -1552,7 +1552,7 @@ static void set_pcie_untrusted(struct pci_dev *dev)
> > * untrusted as well.
> > */
> > parent = pci_upstream_bridge(dev);
> > - if (parent && parent->untrusted)
> > + if (parent && (parent->untrusted || parent->external_facing))
> > dev->untrusted = true;
> > }
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
> > index a26be5332bba6..fe1bc603fda40 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/pci.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/pci.h
> > @@ -432,6 +432,14 @@ struct pci_dev {
> > * mappings to make sure they cannot access arbitrary memory.
> > */
> > unsigned int untrusted:1;
> > + /*
> > + * Devices are marked as external-facing using info from platform
> > + * (ACPI / devicetree). An external-facing device is still an internal
> > + * trusted device, but it faces external untrusted devices. Thus any
> > + * devices enumerated downstream an external-facing device is marked
> > + * as untrusted.
>
> This comment has a subject/verb agreement problem.

I assume you meant s/is/are/ in last sentence. Will do.

Thanks,

Rajat


>
> > + */
> > + unsigned int external_facing:1;
> > unsigned int broken_intx_masking:1; /* INTx masking can't be used */
> > unsigned int io_window_1k:1; /* Intel bridge 1K I/O windows */
> > unsigned int irq_managed:1;
> > --
> > 2.27.0.212.ge8ba1cc988-goog
> >

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