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SubjectRe: [Linux-kernel-mentees] [PATCH net] rds: Prevent kernel-infoleak in rds_notify_queue_get()
On Fri, Jul 31, 2020 at 04:21:48PM +0200, Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:

> > The spec was updated in C11 to require zero'ing padding when doing
> > partial initialization of aggregates (eg = {})
> >
> > """if it is an aggregate, every member is initialized (recursively)
> > according to these rules, and any padding is initialized to zero
> > bits;"""
>
> But then why does the compilers not do this?

Do you have an example?

> > Considering we have thousands of aggregate initializers it
> > seems likely to me Linux also requires a compiler with this C11
> > behavior to operate correctly.
>
> Note that this is not an "operate correctly" thing, it is a "zero out
> stale data in structure paddings so that data will not leak to
> userspace" thing.

Yes, not being insecure is "operate correctly", IMHO :)

> > Does this patch actually fix anything? My compiler generates identical
> > assembly code in either case.
>
> What compiler version?

I tried clang 10 and gcc 9.3 for x86-64.

#include <string.h>

void test(void *out)
{
struct rds_rdma_notify {
unsigned long user_token;
unsigned int status;
} foo = {};
memcpy(out, &foo, sizeof(foo));
}

$ gcc -mno-sse2 -O2 -Wall -std=c99 t.c -S

test:
endbr64
movq $0, (%rdi)
movq $0, 8(%rdi)
ret

Just did this same test with gcc 4.4 and it also gave the same output..

Made it more complex with this:

struct rds_rdma_notify {
unsigned long user_token;
unsigned char status;
unsigned long user_token1;
unsigned char status1;
unsigned long user_token2;
unsigned char status2;
unsigned long user_token3;
unsigned char status3;
unsigned long user_token4;
unsigned char status4;
} foo;

And still got the same assembly vs memset on gcc 4.4.

I tried for a bit and didn't find a way to get even old gcc 4.4 to not
initialize the holes.

Jason

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