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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/23] proc: Introduce /proc/namespaces/ directory to expose namespaces lineary
On Thu, Jul 30, 2020 at 02:59:20PM +0300, Kirill Tkhai wrote:
> Currently, there is no a way to list or iterate all or subset of namespaces
> in the system. Some namespaces are exposed in /proc/[pid]/ns/ directories,
> but some also may be as open files, which are not attached to a process.
> When a namespace open fd is sent over unix socket and then closed, it is
> impossible to know whether the namespace exists or not.
>
> Also, even if namespace is exposed as attached to a process or as open file,
> iteration over /proc/*/ns/* or /proc/*/fd/* namespaces is not fast, because
> this multiplies at tasks and fds number.
>
> This patchset introduces a new /proc/namespaces/ directory, which exposes
> subset of permitted namespaces in linear view:
>
> # ls /proc/namespaces/ -l
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'cgroup:[4026531835]' -> 'cgroup:[4026531835]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'ipc:[4026531839]' -> 'ipc:[4026531839]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'mnt:[4026531840]' -> 'mnt:[4026531840]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'mnt:[4026531861]' -> 'mnt:[4026531861]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'mnt:[4026532133]' -> 'mnt:[4026532133]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'mnt:[4026532134]' -> 'mnt:[4026532134]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'mnt:[4026532135]' -> 'mnt:[4026532135]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'mnt:[4026532136]' -> 'mnt:[4026532136]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'net:[4026531993]' -> 'net:[4026531993]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'pid:[4026531836]' -> 'pid:[4026531836]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'time:[4026531834]' -> 'time:[4026531834]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'user:[4026531837]' -> 'user:[4026531837]'
> lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Jul 29 16:50 'uts:[4026531838]' -> 'uts:[4026531838]'
>
> Namespace ns is exposed, in case of its user_ns is permitted from /proc's pid_ns.
> I.e., /proc is related to pid_ns, so in /proc/namespace we show only a ns, which is
>
> in_userns(pid_ns->user_ns, ns->user_ns).
>
> In case of ns is a user_ns:
>
> in_userns(pid_ns->user_ns, ns).
>
> The patchset follows this steps:
>
> 1)A generic counter in ns_common is introduced instead of separate
> counters for every ns type (net::count, uts_namespace::kref,
> user_namespace::count, etc). Patches [1-8];
> 2)Patch [9] introduces IDR to link and iterate alive namespaces;
> 3)Patch [10] is refactoring;
> 4)Patch [11] actually adds /proc/namespace directory and fs methods;
> 5)Patches [12-23] make every namespace to use the added methods
> and to appear in /proc/namespace directory.
>
> This may be usefull to write effective debug utils (say, fast build
> of networks topology) and checkpoint/restore software.

Kirill,

Thanks for working on this!
We have a need for this functionality too for namespace introspection.
I actually had a prototype of this as well but mine was based on debugfs
but /proc/namespaces seems like a good place.

Christian

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