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Subject[PATCH v3 3/3] cpuidle-pseries : Fixup exit latency for CEDE(0)
Date
From: "Gautham R. Shenoy" <ego@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

We are currently assuming that CEDE(0) has exit latency 10us, since
there is no way for us to query from the platform. However, if the
wakeup latency of an Extended CEDE state is smaller than 10us, then we
can be sure that the exit latency of CEDE(0) cannot be more than that.
that.

In this patch, we fix the exit latency of CEDE(0) if we discover an
Extended CEDE state with wakeup latency smaller than 10us.

Benchmark results:

On POWER8, this patch does not have any impact since the advertized
latency of Extended CEDE (1) is 30us which is higher than the default
latency of CEDE (0) which is 10us.

On POWER9 we see improvement the single-threaded performance of ebizzy,
and no regression in the wakeup latency or the number of
context-switches.

ebizzy:
2 ebizzy threads bound to the same big-core. 25% improvement in the
avg records/s with patch.
x without_patch
* with_patch
N Min Max Median Avg Stddev
x 10 2491089 5834307 5398375 4244335 1596244.9
* 10 2893813 5834474 5832448 5327281.3 1055941.4

context_switch2 :
There is no major regression observed with this patch as seen from the
context_switch2 benchmark.

context_switch2 across CPU0 CPU1 (Both belong to same big-core, but different
small cores). We observe a minor 0.14% regression in the number of
context-switches (higher is better).
x without_patch
* with_patch
N Min Max Median Avg Stddev
x 500 348872 362236 354712 354745.69 2711.827
* 500 349422 361452 353942 354215.4 2576.9258
Difference at 99.0% confidence
-530.288 +/- 430.963
-0.149484% +/- 0.121485%
(Student's t, pooled s = 2645.24)

context_switch2 across CPU0 CPU8 (Different big-cores). We observe a 0.37%
improvement in the number of context-switches (higher is better).
x without_patch
* with_patch
N Min Max Median Avg Stddev
x 500 287956 294940 288896 288977.23 646.59295
* 500 288300 294646 289582 290064.76 1161.9992
Difference at 99.0% confidence
1087.53 +/- 153.194
0.376337% +/- 0.0530125%
(Student's t, pooled s = 940.299)

schbench:
No major difference could be seen until the 99.9th percentile.

Without-patch
Latency percentiles (usec)
50.0th: 29
75.0th: 39
90.0th: 49
95.0th: 59
*99.0th: 13104
99.5th: 14672
99.9th: 15824
min=0, max=17993

With-patch:
Latency percentiles (usec)
50.0th: 29
75.0th: 40
90.0th: 50
95.0th: 61
*99.0th: 13648
99.5th: 14768
99.9th: 15664
min=0, max=29812

Signed-off-by: Gautham R. Shenoy <ego@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
v2-->v3 : Made notation consistent with first two patches.
drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-pseries.c | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 39 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-pseries.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-pseries.c
index f528da7..8d19820 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-pseries.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle-pseries.c
@@ -350,13 +350,50 @@ static int pseries_cpuidle_driver_init(void)
return 0;
}

-static void __init parse_xcede_idle_states(void)
+static void __init fixup_cede0_latency(void)
{
+ int i;
+ u64 min_latency_us = dedicated_states[1].exit_latency; /* CEDE latency */
+ struct xcede_latency_payload *payload;
+
if (parse_cede_parameters())
return;

pr_info("cpuidle : Skipping the %d Extended CEDE idle states\n",
nr_xcede_records);
+
+ payload = &xcede_latency_parameter.payload;
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_xcede_records; i++) {
+ struct xcede_latency_record *record = &payload->records[i];
+ u64 latency_tb = be64_to_cpu(record->latency_ticks);
+ u64 latency_us = tb_to_ns(latency_tb) / NSEC_PER_USEC;
+
+ if (latency_us < min_latency_us)
+ min_latency_us = latency_us;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * By default, we assume that CEDE(0) has exit latency 10us,
+ * since there is no way for us to query from the platform.
+ *
+ * However, if the wakeup latency of an Extended CEDE state is
+ * smaller than 10us, then we can be sure that CEDE(0)
+ * requires no more than that.
+ *
+ * Perform the fix-up.
+ */
+ if (min_latency_us < dedicated_states[1].exit_latency) {
+ u64 cede0_latency = min_latency_us - 1;
+
+ if (cede0_latency <= 0)
+ cede0_latency = min_latency_us;
+
+ dedicated_states[1].exit_latency = cede0_latency;
+ dedicated_states[1].target_residency = 10 * (cede0_latency);
+ pr_info("cpuidle : Fixed up CEDE exit latency to %llu us\n",
+ cede0_latency);
+ }
+
}

/*
@@ -380,7 +417,7 @@ static int pseries_idle_probe(void)
cpuidle_state_table = shared_states;
max_idle_state = ARRAY_SIZE(shared_states);
} else {
- parse_xcede_idle_states();
+ fixup_cede0_latency();
cpuidle_state_table = dedicated_states;
max_idle_state = NR_DEDICATED_STATES;
}
--
1.9.4
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